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162 Cards in this Set

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Industrial Revolution

Realism 1850 - 1870

Louis Daguerre

Realism 1850 - 1870


Invention of photography


Portrait painters out of work

Gustave Courbet

Realism 1850 - 1870


"The Stonebreakers" Genre subject/controversial/socialism


"The Pavilion of Realism" Exposition Universelle


Set up his own tent

Rosa Bonheur

Realism 1850 - 1870


"The Horse Fair"

Edouard Manet

Realism 1850 - 1870


"Luncheon on the Grass"

Cabanal

Realism 1850 - 1870


"Birth of Venus"

Georgione

Realism 1850 - 1870


"Pastoral Concert" (Renaissance)

Raphael

Realism 1850 - 1870


"Judgement of Paris (Renaissance)

Avant-Garde

Realism 1850 - 1870

New and unusual/experimental ideas/people

Manet

Realism 1850 - 1870

"Olympia" Salon

Titan

Realism 1850 - 1870

"Venus of Urbino" (Renaissance)

Paxton

Realism 1850 - 1870


"The Crystal Palace" Hyde Park, London

Gustave Eiffel

Realism 1850 - 1870

"The Eiffel Tower" Paris Exposition

John Roebling

Realism 1850 - 1870


"Brooklyn Bridge" NY, Suspension Bridge

Realism

Realism 1850 - 1870


Focus on here and now, reality


Rebels against: Heroism, Escapism

Deguerreotype

Realism 1850 - 1870


Single image photograph

Palette Knife

Realism 1850 - 1870


Mix paint, used to place paint

French Impressionism

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Paint modern-life


Anti-establishment

Plein Air painting

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"In the open air"


Painting out doors

Color Theories of Chevreul and Rood

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Text studying color

Rainbow Palette

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Palette of the main colors

Broken Color

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Small strokes to give appearance of light on surface

First Impressionist Show

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Studio of F.T. Nadar 1874

Claude Monet

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"Impression Sunrise"


"Bouledvard Des Capucines"


"Haystack Series"


"Lily Pond Series"

Studio at Giverny

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890

Renoir

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"Sunlit Nude"


"Moulin de la Galette"


"The Boating Party"

Dappled Sunlight Effect

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Light spots in painting to show light shining through

Edgar Degas

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Ballet Paintings


"Foyer de la France"


"The Little Dancer"

Keyhole Subjects

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890

Mary Cassatt

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"The Boating Party"


"The Bath"

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"At the the Moulin Rouge"


"Jane Avril"


Lithograph

Lithograph

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Printing from stone or metal plate with smooth surface

Henry O. Tanner

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


"The Banjo Lesson"

Auguste Rodin

French Impressionism 1870 - 1890


Sculptor


"The Age of Bronze"


"Burghers of Calais"


"Balzac Monument"

Georges Seurat

Post-Impressionism


Cezanne (Formalism)


Pointalism


Croquetons


"Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grand Jatte"


"La Parade"

Van Gogh

Post-Impressionism


Gauguin (Expressionism)

Pointalism

Post-Impressionism


Several dots to make image

Croquetons

Post-Impressionism


Color Sketches

Optical Art

Post-Impressionism


1960's

Paul Cezanne

Post-Impressionism


"House of the Hanged Man"


"Mont Saint Victoire"


"Bay of Marseilles"


"Still life Studies"

AIX

Post-Impressionism


Location in South France

Poussin

Post-Impressionism


"Burial of Phocian"

Flat Depth

Post-Impressionism


Appears 2D but you can understand how there is 3D

"Art is a harmony that is parallel to nature"

Post-Impressionism


Quote by Cezanne

Picasso

Post-Impressionism


Cubism

Cubism

Post-Impressionism


Using geometric shapes to form abstract image

Vincent Van Gogh

Post-Impressionism


Impressionist, started at 28


Father of Moden expressionism


Self portraits, decent into madness


"The potato eaters" - Dark/muddy


"Pere Tanguay" - Brighter


"Night Cafe"


"Starry Night"


"Crows over cornfield" - Last painting, shot in chest


Cut off ear

Theo

Post-Impressionism


Van Gogh's brother

Millet

Post-Impressionism


Realism

Arles

Post-Impressionism


"Yellow House"

Imposto Technique

Post-Impressionism


Thick heavy brush strokes w/ texture

Paul Gauguin

Post-Impressionism


"Vision after the sermon"


Friend with Van Gogh for 3 weeks, argued, set Vincent off


Decides to be greatest painter in early 30s


Disconnect color from descriptive role


"Spirit of the dead watching" - African and Japanese influence

Fauvism

Post-Impressionism


Lead by Matisse (Colorist)

Steel Cage Construction

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Steel Beam Frame, wall does no work

Louis Sullivan

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


"Wainwright Building"


***Form Follows Function***


Terracotta Ornament


"Guaranty Building"

Terracotta Ornament

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Clay ornaments on buildings



Frank Lloyd Wright

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Student of Sullivan


House designer of middle class


"Falling Water" Bear Run, PA (Kaufmann)


Hated victorian architecture/ornaments


Destroy "box look"


Japanese influence


Prairie Style


Invented Radiant Heat


"Robie House"



Prarie Style

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Each room projects out

Open Plan

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Openness in House

Cantilever

The Chicago School 1883 -1893


Projecting roof, anchored on one side

Cubism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Derrogatory


Cezanne+Tribal Art

Pablo Picasso

Formalism 1900 - Present


***Most important artist of 20th century


Painter, Sculptor Kind of Universal Man, Child prodigy


"Les Demoiselles D'Avignon"


"Accordionist"

Simultaneity

Formalism 1900 - Present


Multiple view points/angles

Analytical Cubism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Wants us to analyze


Monochromatic

Synthetic Cubism

Formalism 1900 - Present


1914 - Present


Use flat objects, print, collage

Collage

Formalism 1900 - Present


Glue/Paste

Braque

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Still Life on Table"

Goya

Formalism 1900 - Present


Romantic

Futurism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Italian, Glorify machine

Marinetti

Formalism 1900 - Present


"First futurist manifesto"

Balla

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Dynamism of a dog on a leash"

Dynamism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Movement in painting

Stroboscopic Photography

Formalism 1900 - Present


Capture movement in picture, leave aperture open

Severini

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Armored Train"

Boccioni

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Dynamism of a cyclist"


"Unique forms of continuity in space"

Constructivism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Emphasis on space/void

Tatlin

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Monument to the third communist international"

Naum Gabo

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Head Series"

Moholy-Nagy

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Light space modulator"


Kinetic Sculpture

Kinetic Sculpture

Formalism 1900 - Present


Sculpture that moves

Malevich

Formalism 1900 - Present


Suprematism


"White on White"

Suprematism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Pure feeling in art


Remove recognizable object

Suprematist Compositions

Formalism 1900 - Present


1915, shape and color NOT THE FIRST

Non-Objective Art

Formalism 1900 - Present


Abstract art, distorted form, white on white

Piet Mondrian

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Neo-Plasticism"


"Composition of red, yellow, and blue"


non-objective



"Neo-Plasticism"

Formalism 1900 - Present


Universal Design Approach

De Stijl Movement

Formalism 1900 - Present


Holland


Universal Design in sculpture painting architecture design etc

Garrit Reitveld

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Schroder House"


Open plan

European International Style

Formalism 1900 - Present


Flat roof, stucco exterior

Gropius

Formalism 1900 - Present


"The Bauhaus"


graphics on outside of building



Ribbon Windows

Formalism 1900 - Present


Windows strung together

Glass Curtain Wall

Formalism 1900 - Present


Entire side of building made of panes of glass

Bauhaus Products

Formalism 1900 - Present


Redesign for mass production

Mies Van Der Rohe

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Seagram Building" NY

Hitler

Formalism 1900 - Present


Shut down Bauhaust, forced Avant-Gard to come to USA

Universal Space

Formalism 1900 - Present


Flexible space in interior can be used for almost anything

Minimal Art

Formalism 1900 - Present


Reacts against Abstract Expressionism


Great simplicity, not emotional

Abstract Expressionism

Formalism 1900 - Present


Big, Human emotion, aggressive stroke

Frank Stella

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Black pin-stripe series"

Donald Judd

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Stacked Wall Boxes"


Untitled

Maya Lin

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Vietnam Veterans Memorial"

Richard Serra

Formalism 1900 - Present


"Tilted Spheres"


Borromini (Baroque)

Corten Steel

Formalism 1900 - Present


Rusts to depth, doesn't damage

Optical Art

Formalism 1900 - Present


1965 - Present


(Retinal Art) Universal ARt


Optical art roots: pointalism, seraut

Vesarley


Formalism 1900 - Present


"Vega Ver"


Vega series


Bulging shapes/circles

Bridget Riley

Formalism 1900 - Present


Current


Wavy lines

Kandinsky

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Black lines"


Non-objective


***First abstract non objective painting

Jackson Pollock

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Autumn Ryhthm"


Automatism


"Convergence"


"Number 13A"


Breaks rules, house paint, raw canvas


Lay canvas on floor


Inspired performance art, drip paint

Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Manipulate form and color


Expressionistic Line of Development


Best period of art for US


Avant-Gard settling in USA NYC


Young Americans inherit their style

Thomas Hart Benton

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Jealous Lovers of love green valley"


Pitluga's favorite because of the surge and flow


Naturalist

Jackson

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Peggy Guggenheim Mural"


"Art of the Century Gallery, NYC"

Monet

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Water Lillies Series"

Automatism

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Produce art without intentions and mechanical movements

Willem Dekooning

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Woman and Bicycle"


Action Painting

Action Painting

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Active creation, unleash emotions, large scale, macho

Joan Mitchell

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Female abstract expressionist


chicago, large scale, based on nature


"Quiet Please"


Imposto

Franz Kline

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Monitor" Black and white


"New York, NY"

Color Field Painting

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Saturate with color

Rothko

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


"Rust and blue"


"Vessels and Magic"


Rothko Chapel


Triptych

Helen Frankentahler

Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960


Female


"Mountains and Sea"


Nature, inspired by pollock

Minimalism

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present



George Baselitz

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


"Nachtessen in Dresden"


Upside down


Huge scale, after ww2

Anselm Kiefer

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


"Markischer Sand"


Most famous


Horizon line bringing it back


names of nazi controller cities


"Zim-Zum" Uses lead

Robert Colescott

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


"Demoiselles D'Alabama"


Stereotypes to raise consciousness of inequality

Expressionistic Architecture

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


Art in the form of architecture

Erich Mendelsohn

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


Einstein Tower - Observatory of Einstein in Germany, still standing

Eero Saarinen

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


"Twa Air Terminal" NY

Frank Gehry

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


"Guggenheim Museum" Spain

Santiago Calatrava

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


Architecture/sculpture/engineering


kinetic architecture


"Opera House"


"Milwakee Art Museum

Kinetic Architecture

Neo-Expressionism 1980 - Present


Moving architecture

Expressionistic Line of Development

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)


Manipulate Form and Color

Fauvism

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)


Criticism (les fauves)


Wild beast/color


Born in France

Henri Matisse

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)


"Open Window at Collioure"


"Joy of Life"


Disconnect color from descriptive role


"Dance and Music"


"Pink Nude"


Decoupage Period - handicapped, cut with scissors


"Sorrow of the King"

Andrew Derain

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)


"Westminster Bridge"

Northern Expressionism

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)

Northern Expressionism

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art)


Northern Expressionism

Edvard Munch

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Northern Expressionism


"The Scream"


depressing


incan mummies


self-portrait


"The sick room" depressing


Japanese prints


"The Dance of Life"

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


"Street Dresden"


-Anxiety, jagged strokes


"The red cocotte"


"head of ludwig schames" - woodcut

Kathe Kollwitz

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


"Woman in the lap of death"

Marc

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


"Blue Horse"

Wassily Kandinsky

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


***First Abstract Non objective painting


concerning spiritual art, justifies his art

Amedeo Modigliani

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


-Head series


Egyptian influence


"Reclining Nude"

Constantine Brancusi

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) German Expressionism


"The Kiss"


"Bird in Space" - confiscated at airport


***Best expressionist


studied under Rodin


activate pedestool

Dada art

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


After 1st world war


crazy


mindset


random art


performance art, not rational, anything is music

Hans Jean Arp

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


"Chance Collage"


really didnt overlap?


Aleatoric Aesthetics (Chance)

Arp: Automatic Drawing (Automatism)

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


Let the hand wander


"Painted Reliefs"

Marcel Duchamp

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


"Nude descending a staircase"


***Pope of Dada, french, cubist painter first


Ready Mades


"Fountain" - Society of Independent Artists


Mona Lisa L.H.o.o.q

NY Armory Show

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


Turning point


Nude Descending staircase got roasted by americans

Ready Mades

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Dada Art


Objects are art (shovel, toilet)

Freud

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"The interpretation of dreams"

Joan Miro

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Personal Rythmns"


Automatism


"Biomorphic Imagery" - Amoeba Like

Yves Tanguy

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Mama, Papa is Wounded" -taken from psychiatrist notebook

Salvador Dali

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Lugubrious Game"


"Paranoic Critical Method" - Temporary insanity to paint


"Persistence of Memory" - Clocks melting


"Disappearing Bust of Voltaire"


"Un Chien Andalou" Scary film

Dorthea Tanning

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Guardian Angels"

Rene Magritte

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"The Human Condition"


Double images


independent


paint in house


minor shifts


cbs logo

Meret Oppenheim

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Luncheon in fur"

Frida Kahlo

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"The Broken Column"


Spine broken, unibrow

Alexander Calder

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Lobster Trap and Fishtail" Mobile


"The Grand Vitesse"

Alberto Giacometti

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


"Pointing Man"

The degenerate art exhibit

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


1937 Berlin, Art exhibit held by hitler

Surrealist Objects

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


Adjust normal things

Double Images

Expressionist Line of Development (20th Century Art) Surrealism


Images within image