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27 Cards in this Set

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Olmec

"Mother Culture".

Glyph

Character or symbol used in writing.

"God K" or Itzam-Na

Major God of the Maya pantheon, usually shown as a double-headed Snake.




Thought to be the connected to universe, Earth, creation and fertility.




Also thought to be related to Tlaloc.

Stele or Stelae

A Stone used for carvings of rulers.

Temple Pyramid

Pyramidal base built to support and elevate a temple.

Pacal (603-683 AD)

Ruler of Palenque.

Psychoduct

A small stone tube connecting the underground chamber and image on exterior of Temple of the Inscriptions.




Also seen as an umbilical cord.

Mexica

The name the Aztecs called themselves.

Tlatoani

The Sacred high ruler of the Mexica Aztecs.

Illumination

The decoration of manuscripts, especially the initial letters, with colors and precious materials (Gold, Mineral pigments made from semi-precious stones).

Huizilopachtli

Cult God of the Mexica Aztecs.

Aztlan

The Motherland,


where the Mexica Aztecs claimed to be from.

Chicomoztoc

"Place of origin",


Term given to the 7 Caves of Aztlan, were the Mexica Aztecs came from.

Tenochtitlan and Tlateloco

Twin cities the Mexica Aztecs, founded on lake Texcoco.

Chichimecs

Means "Barbarians",


used as original name Mexica Aztecs used to call themselves before the foundation of Tencohtitlan.

Chinampa

"Floating garden",


raised fields used by the aztecs in Lake Taxcoco.

Templo Mayor

Main ceremonial district containing the temple pyramids in Tenochtitlan.

Motecuh-zoma II

Reigning Tlatoani at the time the Spanish arrived.

Cuauhxicalli

"Eagle vase";


ceremonial vessel used in Aztec human sacrificial rituals.

Jeu ( Yeu )

Asmat men's house.

Mangrove Tree

Used to produce "mbis"

Fumer-ipits

Mythological culture hero, first carver, created man from wood and fought art of carving to the Asmat.

Wow-ipits

Wood carver.

Wenet

Figure type in knee-elbow-chin position associated with praying mantis.




Usually used for portraying ancestors.

Bi pane

Nose ornament.

Mbis

Ancestor pole.

Jipae

Funerary and fertility ceremony.