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261 Cards in this Set

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CAMPIN.


Merode Altarpiece.


Early Renaissance (Northern).


Triptych.

VAN EYCK.


Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife.


Early Renaissance (Northern).


BRUNELLESCHI.


Sacrifice of Isaac.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


GHIBERTI.


Sacrifice of Isaac.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


GHIBERTI.


Gates of Paradise.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


MASACCIO.


Holy Trinity.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


Linear perspective.


Fresco.


DONATELLO.


David.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


BOTTICELLI.


Birth of Venus.


Early Renaissance (Italian).


The Founding of Tenochtitlan, from Codex Mendoza.


Aztec.


Reconstruction of the Great Temple, Tenochtitlan, Mexico City.


Aztec.


Coyolxauhqui, from the Great Temple, Tenochtitlan, Mexico City.


Aztec.


Coatlicue.


Aztec.


LEONARDO.


Madonna of the Rocks.


High Renaissance (Italian).


Atmospheric (aerial) perspective.


LEONARDO.


Last Supper.


High Renaissance (Italian).


LEONARDO.


Mona Lisa.


High Renaissance (Italian).


Sfumato.


RAPHAEL.


Madonna in the Meadow.


High Renaissance (Italian).

RAPHAEL.


School of Athens (Philosophy).


High Renaissance (Italian).

MICHELANGELO.


David.


High Renaissance (Italian).

MICHELANGELO.


Sistine Chapel ceiling.


High Renaissance (Italian).


Fresco.

MICHELANGELO.


Creation of Adam, detail of Sistine Chapel ceiling.


High Renaissance (Italian).



BRAMANTE.


Tempietto, Rome.


High Renaissance (Italian).



TITIAN.


Venus of Urbino.


Renaissance (Mannerism).

GRUNEWALD.


Isenheim Altarpiece (closed).


Renaissance (Northern).

Waist Pendant of a Queen Mother.


African.


Benin.



BERNINI.


David.


Baroque (Italian).

CARAVAGGIO.


Calling of Saint Matthew.


Baroque (Italian).


Tenebroso.

CARAVAGGIO.


Conversion of Saint Paul.


Baroque (Italian).

VELAZQUEZ.


Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor).


Baroque (Spanish).

REMBRANDT.


Self-Portrait.


Baroque (Dutch).

Taj Mahal, Agra.


Indian.


Mughal.

WATTEAU.


Pilgrimage to Cythera.


Rococo.


Fete galante.

FRAGONARD.


The Swing.


Rococo.

DAVID.


Oath of the Horatii.


Neoclassicism.

GERICAULT.


Raft of the Medusa.


Romanticism.

TURNER.


The Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On).


Romanticism.


CONSTABLE.


The Haywain.


Romanticism.

MANET.


Le Dejeuner sur l'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass).


Realism.

MANET.


Olympia.


Realism.

MONET.


Impression: Sunrise.


Impressionism.

DEGAS.


The Rehearsal.


Impressionism.

SEURAT.


A Sunday on La Grande Jatte.


Post-Impressionism.


Pointillism.

VAN GOGH.


Starry Night.


Post-Impressionism.

HOKUSAI.


The Great Wave off Kanagawa, from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji.


Japanese.


Edo Period.

PICASSO.


Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.


(Precursor to Cubism).

BOCCIONI.


Unique Forms of Continuity in Space.


Futurism.

DUCHAMP.


Fountain.


Dada.


Ready-made.

DALI.


The Persistence of Memory.


Surrealism.

KAHLO.


The Two Fridas.


Surrealism.

MONDRIAN.


Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow.


De Stijl.

WRIGHT.


Fallingwater (Kaufmann House).

POLLOCK.


Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist).


Abstract Expressionism (Action Painting/Gestural Abstraction).

ROTHKO.


No. 14.


Abstract Expressionism (Color Field Painting/Chromatic Abstraction).

WARHOL.


Green Coca-Cola Bottles.


Pop Art.

KOONS.


Pink Panther.


Postmodernism.

CHRISTO AND JEANNE-CLAUDE.


Surrounded Islands, Miami.


Environmental Art.

ELVIS.


King of Rock and Roll.

The Renaissance movement began in

Italy

In linear perspective, parallel lines appear to recede in the distance and converge at the

Vanishing point

Masaccio's Holy trinity is the first known painting to demonstrate true

Linear perspective

In ___________ perspective, the background becomes more blue and has less contrast as it recedes.

Atmospheric

When did the High Renaissance end?

1520s

In Raphael's School of Athens, the artist shows _________ as a Greek philosopher

Michelangelo

In painting his Last Supper, Leonardo was trying to develop new methods for wall painting. Soon after he completed the fresco, ________

It began to decay

In Leonardo's Last Supper, the disciples are reacting to what accusation just uttered by Christ?

"Who ate the last of the bread?"

Leonardo's inspiration was ________

Closely observed nature

Michelangelo was only 27 when he started to carve David for ________

His home city of Florence

Michelangelo's David was the first monumental, free-standing, male nude carved in marble since _______

Antiquity (ancient Greece and Rome)

Originally, Michelangelo's David was to have been placed where?

On a buttress of Florence Cathedral

Michelangelo had an unusual way of carving marble. What was it?

He began cutting from the front face only, moving in layer by layer



After being smuggled in to see Michelangelo's unfinished Sistine Ceiling, Raphael may have included a portrait of the older artist in his School of Athens. What evidence may indicate that this is indeed a portrait of Michelangelo?

This figure was added later than the others




The figure's style (Massive: brooding pose) is a tribute to Michelangelo's style



In Titian's Venus Urbino, the nude goddess is brought into the bedroom. In the background, a handmaid leans over a wooden chest that symbolizes ______

Marriage

What city did artists flock to during the Counter Reformation to design an ornament churches

Rome

What is the name of the art style that reflected the optimism and assertiveness of the 17th century Church?

Baroque

What is one reason that Caravaggio was always on the run from the police?

He killed a man in Rome

Why did Caravaggio revolt against idealized depictions of religious figures and instead base his saints and Virgins on everyday people?

He wanted to make the viewer a participant

In which work of art did Gianlorenzo Bernini incorporate his self-portrait

David

Which Baroque element is evident in Gianlorenzo Bernini's David?

Aggressive movemnt

Which painting by Velazquez probably gives us an informal glimpse into the artist's working environment?

Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)

In Diego Velazquez probably gives us an informal glimpse into the artist's working environment?

The King and Queen of Spain

True or False? Dutch genre paintings are not just simple images of everyday life, they convey a message

True

The Impressionists started out as _______

Radicals

The first major scandal of Edouard Manet's career was his Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbre (Luncheon on the Grass), which was rejected by

The Salon

With Manet's Olympia, viewers were shocked by the simple painting style and the _____, which was unlike academic painting

Harsh Lighting

At the First Impressionist Exhibition in the 1874, critics complained that the paintings looked unfinished withe their visible ______ and imprecise definition of form

Brushwork

One of ______'s painted sketches, Impression, Sunrise, caused the naming of the group as Impressionists

Claude Monet

In the 1880s ,a number of young artist tried to push beyond the Impressionist technique in a variety of ways. We call them _______

Post-Impressionists

Georges Seurat developed a systematic method of painting called _____, in which he applied his paint by means of small dots

Pointillism

Vincent van Gogh left Paris, settled in the South of France and invited _______ to visit him

Paul Gauguin

One of Vincent van Gogh's most famous paintings, _______, shows his attempt to make a modern, religious art

Starry Night

True or false? Post Impressionist painters moved away from the real world, rejecting external appearances, in favor of an inner, personal, imaginative truth.

True

In the early years of the 20th century, one city was viewed as the center of modernism; and one artist in this city is still for us the modern artist. Who is the artist and what is the city?

Pablo Picasso/Paris

Pablo Picasso's _________ is repeatedly claimed to be the first modern painting in the 20th century.

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon opened the way to the 20th century movement:

Cubism

In Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, multiple viewpoints and the flattening of space were to be characteristic of ____ painting.

Cubists

The nudes in Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon are presented to us as ______

Prostitutes

_______ artist attacked truth, beauty, reason, and science

Dada

Marcel Duchamp produced his ______, ordinary items promoted to the status of art objects simply because the artist had signed them

"Ready mades"

In the early 1920s, _______ became one of the first Western artists to paint in a pure, abstract manner

Piet Mondrian

Through his naturalistic style, _____ gives a sense of reality to images that are unreal, inspired by nightmares and visions.

Salvador Dali

As Nazi persecution grew more intense, many artists fled to London and especially to ______

The United States

Around the years 1939-1940, the center of creative vitality in the Western visual arts moved away from Paris to ______

New York

The leading Abstract Expressionist was ______

Jackson Pollock

Raised in the American Southwest, Pollock was influence by _______

Native American sand painting

Raised in the American southwest, Pollock was influenced by ______

Native American sand painting

With Pollock, we are shown that ______ has nothing to do with value in art

A recognizable image

Mark Rothko chose a path to pure expression by using only _________ on his canvases

Gradations of color

In his art, Andy Warhol concentrated on the repetition of identical objects that are ______, as well as the repetition of people, especially movie stars

The products of mass production

Where did Christo mount his work Running Fence?

California

Renaissance

rebirth/ an interest in learning and culture

Humanism

system of thought emphasizing human accomplishment




early renaissance around 1400-1520

Illuminated manuscripts

-fancy decorated page


- surface detail and color

annunciation

angel Gabriel telling Mary she is going to have Birth to Christ

During Renaissance, statues of artist increases _______

greatly

Robert Campin

Northern European artist

Alterpiece

piece of art that sits behind alter in church or chapel

triptych

3 part altarpiece

symbolism

an object has another level of meaning to it

symbolic elements

white lilies, 3 flowers, closed lily, crossed lily, polished bronze vessel, unbroken window

white lilies symbolizes _______

Virgin Mary

3 flowers symbolizes _______

Holy trinity

Closed lily symbolizes _______

Jesus

crossed lily symbolizes ________

crucifixion



Polished bronze vessel symbolizes _______

Mary's pure womb

Unbroken window symbolizes _______

Mary's virginity still pure

Van Eyck

Northern Europe Renaissance painter

Fidelity

Faithful

Florence

birthplace for Renaissance

Classical antiquiety

ancient Greece and Rome




has big influence on Italian Renaissance artist

"New Athens"

Florence, Italy

Medici Family

Famous banging family in Florence




big art partians

Quatrefoil

"quatro" four




very gothic

Brunelleschi

lost competition

Ghiberti

won competition

Suggestion of depth

overlapping

Scale Diminution

objects reduce in scale in the distance/ things look small farther away

linear perspective

method for showing depth using lines/ parallel reciting lines appears to meet in distance

Orthogonals

imaginary lines that meat at vanishing poing

Mascocio

Italian Renaissance painter

Fresco

painting on damp plaster

Holy Trinity

First work of art to show linear perspective

Donatello

early renaissance Italian sculpture




shows moment after the battle

Nude

Someone looks appropriate w/o clothes

Naked

Someone looks inappropriate w/o clothes

Donatello's David

First life size, fore standing, nude figure, since classical antiquity

Italian Renaissance

classical antiquity (style) and bible (subject matter)

Botticelli

Early Renaissance Italian painter

Birth ______ and rebirth _____ through water

Venus, Baptism

Tlalac

rain god

Huitzilopochtli

Aztec war god/sun god/ hummingbird god

coatlicue

she of the serpent skirt

coyolxauhqui

she of the golden bells/goddess of moon

Leonardo da Vinci

(1519) scientist/ artist

Bramante

(1514) famous architect

Raphael

(1520) famous painter

Michaelangelo

(1564) Italian, high renaissance artist




sculptor/masculine male nude figure art

Triangular composition

firgures fit within a triangle

chiaroscuro

light and dark/ define form

sfumato

smoky/soft light and dark

atmospheric perspective

method for showing depth using atmosphere




distant objects appear hazier and bluer

Why is Mona Lisa famous?

Repetition




mysterious

Mona Lisa's mysterious smile......

Entertainers


bruxism (compulsive grinding of teethe)


stroke


syphillis

Mona Lisa's mysterious identity

Lisa Gherodini


Francesco del Giocando


Lisa del Giocondo


La Gioconda (Italy)


La Joconde (France)


Jocund = "happy one"


Mona Lisa (American)


Ma Donna = my lady



Pope Julius II

Famous high Renaissance pope

Lapiths vs. Centaurs

shows masculine male nude figure art of Michelangelo

Similarities of David (Michelangelo and Donatello) Sculpture

Subject matter


nudity


contrapposto

Differences of David (Michelangelo and Donatello) Sculpture

Material (Donatello bronze, Michelangelo, marble)


size (D life size, MA way over life size)


Moment of story (D after battle, MA before battle)

Palazzo Vecchio

Florence City hall

Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

5800 sq. ft.


curved


ceiling


1981-1989 to clean



How is Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel organized?

Illusionistic architetture


genesis (9 scenes), first book of bible


Noah (3)


Adam and Eve (3)


God Creating (3)



Creation of Adam

Fingers do not touch

Tempietto

Little temple


Christian Chapel

Mannerism

period right after High Renaissance

Titial

Italian Renaissance artist

Dowry chests

collection of gifts to give to married people


indicates marriage



dog in painting

faithful and fidelity

grunewald

germain renaissance painter

monastic hospital of St. Anthony

hospital for poor people

Isenheim Altarpiece

graphic crucifixion


does not paint christ in center/is on the side

the Resurrections

more cheerful

Olokun

Benin Sea god

oba

Benin King

Benin

Culture

Queen mother Idia

head of Portuguese


mudfish (olokun)

Baroque

1600-1700/ style begins in Rome, Italy

Counter reformation

attempt from Catholic church to fix itself

Elements in Baroque art

dramatic


violence


lightning (contrast)


movement


crowded composition

Bernini

Italian Baroque artist


Movement during battle (David)

Caravaggio

Italian Baroque painter

naturalism

show someone very normal and every day appearance

tenebroso

high contrast light and dark

chiaroscuro

light and dark

Velazquez

Spanish Baroque painter

Las Meninas (Maids of Honor)

real space


painted space


reflected space

Rembrandt

Dutch Baroque artist


has over 100 self portraits


been through a lot of shiz and shows in his self portraits

Early Rembrandt

Typically Baroque

Late Rembrandt

quiet, little actiom


few figures


dark; muddy colors


introspective, psychological reaction

Taj Mahal

wife of king

Mausoleum

fancy tomb

Taj

crown

Rococo

1700-1750/ begins in Paris/France

Elements in Rococo Art

decorative


playful


upperclass, French Style


Soft, pastel like colors


erotic

Watteau

French Rococo painter

Royal Academy of painting and Sculpture, Paris (1648)

history


religion


mythology

Fete galante

elegant party

Fete Galante

elegant party

Fragonard

French Rococo Painter

Neoclassicism

1750-1800 "new classical style"


courage


classicle


1789: French Revolution


morality


patriotism


antiquity


"anti Rococo"


crisp lines

Pompeii and Herculaneum

2 ancient Roman Towns

David

French Neoclassical Painter

Romanticism

1800-1850 "romances"


French style


romance language (Italian, French, Spanish)


exotic time/ place


man vs nature


violence


emotions

Know the difference

Rococo = erotic


Romanticism = exotic

Gericaunlt

French romantic painter

Raft of the Medusa

Medusa leaves France in June 1816

Constable

English romantic painter

The Haywain

English romanticism= nature


nature= grand and pretty/inviting/not scary

Turner

English Romantic painter

Slave Ship

nature= deadly

Realism

1850-1870, modern art period

Manet

French realist painter

Know the difference between the painters

Monet=impressionism


Manet=realism


Contemporary subjects

Luncheon on the Grass

subject matter


-confusing


-shocking (naked woman: Victorian = high class prostitute)


style (flat)


- visible brush strokes


- lack of depth


-lack of volume

Cat

opposite of dog/fidelity

Monet

French Impressionist painter

Impressionism

(1870-1890)


contemporary subject matter


outdoor scene


effects of light on color


choppy brush strokes


water

Degas

French impressionist artist


shows interior scenes


came from rich family/doesn't want to go out

Dancers practicing at the bar

watering can= mocking dancers

Post Impressionism

(1880-1900) "after impressionism"


period not style


analytical, scientific

Seurat

French Post impressionist


expressive, emotional, spiritual

Van Gogh

Dutch post impressionist painter

Pointillism

painting small dots of color

Theo

(Van Gogh's brother) Supports Van Gogh financially

Van Gogh, Self Portrait

Expressive color


dynamic brush strokes

Hokusai

Japanese Artist


wood block print art

Cubism

(1907-1918), early 20th century art movement


dull, muddy colors


fragmentation of foreground and background


multiple viewpoints

Picasso

Spanish artist

Les Demoiselles d Avignon

the young ladies of Avignon


pre-cursor to cubism (not cubism yet)


fragmentation of foreground and background


african sculpture influenced multiple viewpoints

Futurism

(1909-1929) early 20th century, after cubism


Italian art movement


speed, machinery


everything is good in the future


destruction of museums


brighter colors

Boccioni

Italian futurist artist

Space = ______


time = _______

cubism, futurism

Duchamp

French Dada arist

Dada

(1915-1924) early 20th century


post ww1


anti art


irrational


appropriation: to borrow


humor

Ready-made

work of art the artist didnt have to make


context

assisted ready made

an artist takes 2 or more ready mades and combines them

surrealism

(1924-1945) above/beyond realism, subconscious/unconsious mind


dreamworld


time is unchangable

Dali

Spanish Surrealist artist

De stijl

(1917-1931) early 20 century art moment


no reference to nature


complete abstract


primary colors (red, blue, yellow)


black and white


right angles

Mondrian

Dutch artist

Wright

American architect/ first half of 21 century

abstract expressionism

(1945-1960-) in New York


"expressionism" (expressing an inner feeling)



Action painting

1st phase of abstract expressionism

colorfield painting

2nd phase abstract expressionism


large areas of solid color

Pollock

American artist, abstract expressionist, action painter


"all over composition"= no focal point



Rothko

American artist, abstract expressionist, color field painter

popart

(1955-1965) US art style


pop= popular culture (movie ads, comics, consumer goods, etc)


appropriation

Warhol

American pop artist


"repetition creates fame"

Performance art

(1960-present)


artistic action/gesture, not object, is the art

Burden

American performance artist

Post modernism

(1970-today)


period, not style


appropriation (to borrow)

Koons

American post modern artist

Cloristo

Bulgarian artist

Environmental art

work of art, out in the world