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12 Cards in this Set

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Abstract Expressionism
An American art movement of the mid-20th century characterized by large ("heroic") scale and nonrepresentational imagery. An outgrowth of surrealism, Abstract Expressionism emphasized the artist's spontaneous expression as it flowed from the subconscious, which in turn was believed to draw on primal energies.
Aquatint
An intaglio printmaking method in which areas of tone are created by dusting resin particles on a plate and then allowing acid to bite around the particles. Also, a print made by this method.
Cubism
A movement developed during the early 20th century by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. In its most sewere "analytical" phase, Cubism abstracted the forms of the visible world into fragments or facets drawn from multiple points of view, then constructed an image from them which had its own internal logic. A severely restricted palette (black, white, brown) and a painting technique of short, distinct "touches" allowed shards of figure and ground to interpenetrate in a shallow, shifting space.
Etching
An intaglio printmaking method in which the design is bitten into the printing plate with acid. Also, the resultant print. To create an etching, a metal plate is covered with an acid-resistant ground. The design is drawn with a sharp, pen-like tool that scratches the ground to reveal the metal beneath. The plate is then submerged in acid, which bites into the exposed metal. The longer the plate remains in contact with the acid, the deeper the bite, and the darker the line it will print.
Expressionism
An art movement of the early 20th century, especially prevalent in Germany, which claimed the right to distort visual appearances in order to express psychological or emotional states, especially the artist's own personal feelings. More generally, and with a lowercase e, any art style that raises subjective feeling above objective observation, using distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect.
Hue
The "family name" of a color, independent of its particular value or saturation.
Intaglio
Printmaking techniques in which the lines or areas that will take the ink are incised into the printing plate, rather than raised above it (compare relief). Aquatint, drypoint, etching, and mezzotint are intaglio techniques.
Linocut
A relief printmaking technique in which the printing surface is a thick layer of linoleum, often mounted on a wooden block for support. Areas that will not print are cut away, leaving raised areas to take the ink.
Pop Art
An art style of the 1960s, deriving its imagery from the popular, mass-produced culture. Deliberately mundane, Pop Art focused on the overfamiliar objects of daily life to give them new meanings as visual emblems.
Screenprinting
A printmaking method in which the image is transferred to paper by forcing ink through a fine mesh in which the areas not meant to print have been blocked; a stencil technique.
Surrealism
A movement of the early 20th century that emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasies.
Typography
In graphic design, the arrangement and appearance of printed letter forms (type).