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225 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Self Aid?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself.
What is the object of first aid?
1. To stop bleeding
2. Overcome shock
3. Relieve pain
4. Prevent infection
What FM covers FIRST AID for soldiers?
FM 4-25.11
What is first aid?
It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available.
What are the lifesaving steps?
(ABC's of medical treatment)
1. Open the airway and restore breathing
2. Stop the bleeding/Protect the wound
3. Prevent Shock
Name 4 common points for checking pulse
1. Carotid- side of neck
2. Femoral- the groin
3. Radial- the wrist
4. Posterial Tibial- ankle
What is the treatment for shock?
>Position the casualty on their back
>Elevate the legs
>Loosen clothing at the neck, waist, or wherever binding
>Climatize (prevent too hot or cold)
>Reassure (keep the casualty calm)
>Notify medical personnel
What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?
Check for:
1. Responsiveness
2. Breathing
3. Pulse
4. Bleeding
5. Shock
6. Fractures
7. Burns
8. Possible Concussions (head injuries)
Name the Four types of burns
1. Thermal
2. Electrical
3. Chemical
4. Laser
What is the FM for map reading and LAND NAVIGATION?
FM 3-25.26
What are the basic colors of a map?
>Black- Man Made Features
>Red-Brown- Terrain Features, Red Light friendly
>Blue- Hydrography
>Green- Vegatation
>Other - Special infomation
What are Contour Lines?
Imaginary Lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
What are 3 types of contour lines?
1. Index
2. Intermediate
3. Supplementary
How many Mils are in one Degree?
17.7 Mils
How many Norths are there on Military Map?
1. True North
2. Magnetic North
3. Grid North
What must be done to a map before it can be used?
It must be oriented;
Use a compass and or terrain association.
What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
1. Hill
2. Valley
3. Ridge
4. Saddle
5. Depression
What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military?
1. Draw
2. Spur
3. Cliff
What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
1. Cut
2. Fill
How many mils are there in a circle?
6400 mils in 360 degrees
What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
Right and Up
What does UTM stand for?
Universal Transverse Mercator
The Lensatic compass has a bezel ring; each bezel ring click is equal to how many degrees?
How many times would the bezel ring click if it were fully rotated?
What is the FM for Operational Terms and Graphics?
FM 1-02
What does FM 6-22 cover?
Army Leadership (Competent, Competent and Agile)
What does FM 7-0 cover?
Training the force
Define Leadership.
Leadership is influencing people- giving purpose, direction, and motivation, while accomplishing the mission and improving the organization.
What are the three principal ways that leaders can develop others through which they provide knowledge and feedback?
1. Counseling
2. Coaching
3. Mentoring
A leader's effectiveness is dramatically enchanced by understanding and developing what areas?
1. Military Bearing
2. Physical Fitness
3. Confidence
4. Resilience
What are the Leader Actions?
1. Influencing- getting people to do what is necessary
2. Operating- the actions taken to influece others to accomplish missions and to set the stage for future operations.
3. Improving- capturing and acting on important lessons of ongoing and completed projects and missions.
Name two barriers of communications
1. Physical
2. Psychological
Name some physical barriers of communication
> Noise of battle
> Distance
What are the three general orders?
1. I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.
2. I will obey my special orders and perform my dutys in a military manner.
3. I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the Commander of the Relief.
What two types of orders can a guard recieve?
1. General orders
2. Special orders
What specifies the time for challenging?
The special orders
What FM covers guard duty?
FM 22-6
Who is responsible for the instruction, discipline, and performance of the guards?
The commander of the guards.
What is your chain of command as a guard?
1. Commander of the relief,
2. Sergeant of the guard
3. Officer of the guard
4. Field officer of the day
5. Commanding officer at the
level responsible for the guard mount
What are two types of guard duty?
1. Interior guard
2. Exterior guard
What are three examples of exterior guard?
1. Look outs
2. Listening Post
3. Outpost
What does SOI stand for?
Signal Operation Instructions
What FM covers Tactical Single-Channel Radio Communications Techniques?
FM 24-18
Which means of communication is least secure?
What are five Methods of Communication?
1. Radio
2. Sound
3. Visual
4. Messenger
5. Wire
Which means of communication is most secure?
What are five factors that affect the range of radio equipment?
1. Weather
2. Terrain
3. Antenna
4. Power
5. Location
What does NCS stand for?
Net Control Station
What does MIJI stand for?
Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming and Interference
How many types of NCOERs are there?
1. Annual
2. Change of Rater
3. Relief for Cause
4. Complete the Record
5. 60 Day Rater Option
6. 60 Day Senior Rater Option
7. Temporary Duty, Special Duty, or Compassionate Reassignment
What is a rating scheme?
A rating scheme is the published rating chain of the NCO's rating officals
(rater, senior rater, and reviewer).
What forms are used for the NCOER?
DA 2166-8-1, NCO Counseling Checklist/Record
DA 2166-8, NCO Evaluation Report.
What are the parts of the NCOER?
Part I. Administrative
Part II. Authentication
Part III. Duty Description
Part IV. Army Values/NCO Responsibilities.
Part V. Overall Performance and Potential
What is the minimum period of time for senior rater qualifications?
2 months
What is the minimum period of time for rater qualifications?
3 rated months
What FM covers Weapons Training?
FM 3-22.9
Name the Five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship?
1. Preliminary Rifle Instruction
2. Downrange Feedback
3. Field Fire
4. Advance Rifle Marksmanship
5. Advanced Optics, Laser, and Iron Sights.
What are the FOUR fundamentals of marksmanship?
1. Steady Position
2. Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
3. Breathing
4. Trigger Squeeze
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
1. Sight Alignment
2. Placing of the Aiming Point
Describe the proper procedure for applying IMMEDIATE ACTION with the M4.
1. Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
2. Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
3. Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
4. Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
5. Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
6. Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action
What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.
What does ASAP stand for?
Army Substance Abuse Program
What is meant by deglamorization of alcohol?
Personnel will not promote any function glamorizing the use of alcohol through drinking contests, games, initiations, or the awarding of alcoholic beverages as prizes in contests.
What are the ways that Soldiers can be identified as having a substance abuse problem?
1. Voluntary (self-identification)
2. Commander / Supervisor Identification
3. Biochemical Identification
4. Medical Identification
5. Investigation and or Apprehension
What Does ACS stand for?
Army Community Service
What does the ACS symbol represent?
The heart= giving, the cross= help, the gyroscope= stability
Name some federal financial aid programs available to Soldiers through ACES
1. Pell Grant
2. Perkins Loans
3. Guaranteed Student Loans
Soldiers with a GT score of less than 110 should be referred to what?
BSEP - Soldiers with a GT less than 100 are normally automatically eligible. Soldiers with a GT between 100 and 110 may be command referred.
What does SOCAD stand for?
Service members Opportunity College Army Degrees
AER closely coordinates with what other organization?
American Red Cross
What does AER stand for?
Army Emergency Relief
When is the AER annual fund campaign held army-wide?
March 01 through May 15
What is the purpose of AER?
AER provides emergency financial assistance to soldiers (active and retired) and their families in time of distress.
What is the AER Motto?
"Helping the Army Take Care Of its Own"
What is the purpose of the Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program?
The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program reinforces the Army’s commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training and education, victim advocacy, response, reporting, and accountability.
Define sexual assault.
Sexual assault can be verbal, visual, or anything that forces a person to join in unwanted sexual contact or attention.
What does EO stand for?
Equal Opportunity
What Army Regulation covers the EO program?
AR 600-20 chapter 6
What does AFAP stand for?
Army Family Action Plan
Who is the senior enlisted advisor to the BOSS council, and approves members selected to serve on BOSS committees?
The Installation Command Sergeant Major
According to AR 215-1, what does the BOSS program provide?
It provides opportunities for active duty soldiers, with an emphasis on single and unaccompanied soldiers, to participate in physical, self-development, leisure, and educational related services.
What does NCODP stand for?
Noncommissioned Officer Development Program
What is the goal of NCODP?
The goal of the NCODP is to increase and sustain NCO combat readiness and compliment the overarching Army Noncommissioned Officer Professional Development Program.
As with all leader training and leader development, who is responsible for NCODP?
The command.
NCODP is typically managed by whom?
The CSM or Senior NCO in the organization.
What Army Regulation covers NCODP?
AR 350-1 Chap 4
What are the five levels of MOPP?
MOPP 0- IPE and Field Available for immediate donning
Protective mask w/ filter and hood installed available
MOPP 1 - Overgarment and Field Gear worn
Footwear covers, mask and gloves carried
MOPP 2 - Overgarment, Field Gear, Footwear covers worn
Mask and Gloves carried
MOPP 3- Overgarment, Mask and Hood, Field Gear and Overboots worn
Gloves carried
MOPP 4- Overgarment, Mask and Hood, Field Gear, Fotwear covers and Gloves wrn
What does JSLIST stand for?
Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?
After you mask
What does C.B.R.N. stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear
Alarms and signals convey warnings of NBC contamination. Units use easily recognizable and reliable alarm methods to respond quickly and correctly to NBC hazards. What are three types of alarms and signals?
1. Audible Alarms
2. Automatic Alarms
3. Visual Signals
What Field Manual covers NBC Operations?
FM 3-11
What Field Manual covers NBC Protection?
FM 3-11.4
What forms do Chemical Agents come in?
> Vapors
> Solids
> Liquids
> Gases
What is the shape of the contamination markers?
What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
11 1/2 inches on the top by 8 inches on either side
What are the 3 effects of a nuclear explosion?
1. Blast
2. Heat
3. Radiation
What are the 3 types of nuclear bursts?
1. Air
2. Ground
3. Subsurface
What are the 4 types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
1. Bacteria
2. Fungi
3. Rickettsiae
4. Viruses
What are the 4 types of Chemical agents?
1. Nerve
2. Blister
3. Blood
4. Choking
What Army regulation covers Salutes, honors and visits of courtesy?
AR 600-25
Enlisted members generally do not exchange salutes, what are some examples of when they would exchange salutes?
> When rendering reports in formation
> When reporting to an enlisted president of a board
Who will set the time of sounding reveille and retreat?
Installation Commanders
During the sounding of reveille, when is the flag hoisted?
On the first note of reveille
What is the official song of the U.S. Army?
“The Army Goes Rolling Along”
When was “The Army Goes Rolling Along” dedicated by the Secretary of the Army?
Veterans Day, 11 November 1956, and officially announced on 12 December 1957
Where do you walk when walking with someone that is senior to you?
On the senior person's left
How long is the call "to the color"
40 seconds
What are the courtesies rendered by individuals during Reveille if they are in uniform and in formation either with or without headgear?
Execute "Present Arms" at the command of officer or NCO in charge. Execute "Order Arms" at the command of officer or NCO in charge.
When do you salute inside a building?
> When reporting to your commander
> When reporting to a pay officer
> When reporting to a military board
> At an indoor ceremony
> At sentry duty indoors
When lowering the flag (retreat) the flag is folded (cocked hat) and treated as a cased color. Do persons meeting the flag detail salute the flag?
No. Once the flag has been folded (cocked hat), it is treated as a cased Color and not saluted by persons meeting the flag detail. The flag will be treated with the utmost dignity and respect but not be rendered any sort of honors.
The Army Song is always played at the conclusion of what events?
> Reviews
> Parades
> Honor Guard Ceremonies.
When was the NCO support channel formally recognized?
20 December 1976
What is Sergeant's Business?
To train and lead soldiers
Explain the Chain of Command
The succession of commanders superior to subordinates through which command is exercised
Define Responsibility
Being accountable for what you do
How does the Chain of Command support the NCO support channel?
By legally punishing those who challenge a sergeant's authority
Define Duty.
Duty is a legal or moral obligation to do what should be done without being told to do it
What is the role of the CSM?
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Battalion commander
How does a Commander exercise command?
Through subordinate commanders
When was the position of Sergeant Major of the Army established
4 July 1966
Is the CSM in the Chain of Command?
No (but he supervises the NCO support channel)
What are key elements of command?
Authority and Responsibility
What is the NCO Support Channel?
It is the channel of communication that reinforces the Chain of Command
What must a Sergeant have in order to accomplish Sergeant's Business?
The Skill, ability and Leadership to train soldiers for combat and lead them into combat
Who is the only member of both your chain of command the your NCO support channel?
Your first line supervisor, section, squad or team leader
What is a Sergeant?
A leader
What Army Regulation covers the wear and appearance of the military uniform?
AR 670-1
Why is the flag worn on the right shoulder of the Utility Uniform?
The flag is worn on the right shoulder to give the effect of the flag flying in the breeze as the wearer moves forward.
When must Identification Tags be worn?
When directed by the commander, engaged in field training, in an aircraft, or OCONUS
What does "ECWCS" stand for?
Extended Cold Weather Clothing System
What is a CVC uniform?
Combat Vehicle Crewman's Uniform (Tanker's Uniform)
Exposed pens in pockets are allowed on which uniforms?
> Hospital duty Uniforms
> Food Service Uniforms
> Flight uniforms
> CVC Uniforms
How will service ribbons be worn on the male Class A uniform?
The ribbons centered 1⁄8 inch above the left breast pocket. Ribbon mounts will remain centered above the pocket even if the top ribbon row is offset
How will service ribbons be worn on the female Class A uniform?
The ribbons centered on the left side, with the bottom row positioned parallel to the bottom edge of the nameplate. Females may adjust the placement of the ribbons to conform to individual body-shape differences
Where are unit awards worn on the male Class A uniform?
Emblems with or without frames are worn centered with the bottom edge of the emblem 1/8 above the right breast pocket flag
Where are unit awards worn on the female Class A uniform?
Emblems with or without frames are worn centered on the right side of the uniform, with the bottom edge 1⁄2 inch above the top edge of the nameplate
One service stripe represents how many years?
What is the estimated lifetime of the new ACU?
6 months.
Soldiers may wear up to five skill badges on the ACU. All skill badges will be worn above the U.S. Army tape in order of precedence from the wearers left. How would you wear 1,2,3,4, or and 5 skill badges?
1 Badge – Worn 1/8 inch above and centered on the U.S. Army tape.
2 Badges – Worn vertically 1/8 inch above and centered on the U.S. Army tape with ¼ inch between badges.
3 Badges - Worn vertically 1/8 inch above and centered on the U.S. Army tape with ¼ inch between badges.
4 Badges – Worn vertically and side by side in stacks of two, 1/8 inch above and centered on the U.S. Army tape, with 1.4 inch between badges vertically and ½ inch between badges horizontally.
5 Badges - Worn vertically and side by side in stacks of two, 1/8 inch above and centered on the U.S. Army tape, with 1.4 inch between badges vertically and ½ inch between badges horizontally. The 5th badge is placed ¼ inch above and centered on the top two badges.
When the ACU trouser leg is bloused, what is the maximum distance that it may extend down the boot?
The bloused trouser legs should not extend below the third eyelet from the top of the boot.
Who is authorized to wear insignia of branch on the Patrol cap?
What does FITT stand for?
Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type (this acronym makes it easy to remember the key factors in the training program)
What FM covers Physical Fitness Training?
FM 21-20
What are the three phases of physical conditioning?
1. Preparatory
2. Conditioning
3. Maintenance
About how long is the preparatory phase?
2 weeks
What is DA Form 3349?
Physical profile form
What is the objective of physical fitness training?
To enhance soldiers’ abilities to meet the physical demands of war.
What are the three periods of a normal daily exercise routine?
1. Warm-up
2. Conditioning
3. Cool-down
What are the commands to get a unit from a normal line formation into an extended rectangular formation?
1. Extend to the left, march
2. Arms downward, move
3. Left, Face
4. Extend to the left, march
5. Arms downward, move
6. Right, face
7. From front to rear, count off
8. Even numbers to the left, uncover
What AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program?
AR 350-1 Chapter 1 Section 24
What are the three phases of fitness conditioning?
1. Preparatory
2. Conditioning
3. Maintenance
What are the five components of physical fitness?
1. Cardio Respiratory Endurance
2. Muscular Strength
3. Muscular Endurance
4. Flexibility
5. Body Composition
What is the DA form 705?
Physical Readiness Test Scorecard
How many scorers should be supplied for the APFT?
A minimum of 1 per every 15 soldiers
Name the two physical fitness formations?
1. Extended Rectangular
2. Circular
What are the seven basic principles of exercise?
1. Progression
2. Regularity
3. Overload
4. Variety
5. Recovery
6. Balance
7. Specificity
Which DA PAM covers the Geneva Convention?
DA PAM 27-1
What documents must POWs be allowed to keep upon capture?
They may keep their identity cards and personal papers.
How many nations were initially represented at the first drafting of the Geneva Convention?
61 nations
When did the Geneva Convention come into force for the United States?
February 2, 1955
What are the three marching steps used in drill?
1. 15in step
2. 30in step
3. 30in step, DOUBLE TIME 180 steps per minute
What FM covers Drill and Ceremony?
FM 3-21.5
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
1. line
2. column
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or noncommissioned officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner; to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader’s orders; and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commanding troops.
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
1. Parade rest
2. Stand at ease
3. At ease
4. Rest
What is a rank?
A line, which is only one element in depth
What is an element?
An individual, squad, section, platoon, company or larger unit forming part of the next higher unit
What is a file?
A column, which has a front of only one element
What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
From what position are all stationary movements given?
Position of attention
What is cover?
Aligning yourself directly behind the man to your immediate front, while maintaining correct distance
What is depth?
The space from front to rear of a formation including front and rear elements
What are the two parts of most drill command?
1. Preparatory command
2. Command of execution
How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command of Open Ranks?
On the command "March", The first rank takes two steps forward, the second rank takes one step forward, the third rank stands fast and the fourth rank take two 15 inch steps to the rear
What are the types of commands in a drill?
1. Two part
2. Combined
3. Supplementing
4. Directive
What are some examples of a combined command?
> At ease
> Fall in
> Rest
What command is given to revoke a preparatory command?
As You Were
Who is responsible for training and appearance of the color guard?
When executing a Rear March, on which foot do you pivot?
Both feet, turning 180 degrees to the right
How many steps should separate platoons when a company is formed?
5 steps
What does SINCGARS stand for?
SINgle Channel Ground/Airborne Radio System
What is confidence?
Projecting self-confidence and certainty in the unit’s ability to succeed in whatever it does; able to demonstrate composure and outward calm through steady control over emotion..
What are the Army Values?
> Loyalty
> Duty
> Respect
> Selfless Service
> Honor
> Integrity
> Personal Courage
What is counseling?
Counseling is the process used by leaders to review with a subordinate the subordinate’s demonstrated performance and potential.
What are the 7 steps to problem solving?
1. ID the problem
2. Gather information
3. Develop criteria
4. Generate possible solutions
5. Analyze possible solutions
6. Compare posible solutions
7. Make and implement the decision
What does the term intersection mean?
Finding the location of an unknown point by sighting two or more known points
Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
Entrenching tool
Tent poles and stakes
Web belt
Name 3 categories of heat injuries
Heat cramps
Heat exhaustion
Heat stroke
What does COLD stand for?
It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY
What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?
The jaw thrust
Head tilt/chin lift methods
What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?
Urgent- within 2 hours
Priority- within 4 hours
Routine- within 24 hours
What personnel are included in Full Military Funeral Honors?
9–member team (6 pallbearers and/or firing party, a chaplain, and officer and/or NCO in charge, and a bugler (if available)). The team serves as pallbearers and the firing party, folds and presents the American flag to the next of kin, and plays “Taps.” A member of the decedent’s parent military Service will present the flag.
How long is the call "to the color"
40 seconds
On what command would you salute while in formation?
Individuals in formation do not salute or return salutes except at the command Present, ARMS.
Who salutes in a group of soldiers not in formation?
The first person to see the officer should call the group to attention and everyone should salute
What Army regulation covers Salutes, honors and visits of courtesy?
AR 600-25
Name the different categories of malfunctions for the M4 Rifle.
Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject
Describe the M4 Rifle.
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.
Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters
What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?
2,970 feet per second
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
What is the range of a TA-1 field phone?
Approximately 3.7 miles using field wire
What do the letters AN and PRC stand for?
Army/Navy and Portable Radio Communicator
What is the first thing you do before sending a radio message?
Listen to see if the Net is clear
What is an AN/PRC-68?
A type of Squad radio small unit transceiver
What does EPLRS Stand for?
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System
What are military symbols?
Figures used to represent types of military organizations, installations, and activities
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Lower left margin
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a valley?
Contour lines forming a valley are either U-shaped or V-shaped.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a Ridge?
Contour lines forming a ridge tend to be U-shaped or V-shaped. The closed end of the contour line points away from high ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a draw?
The contour lines depicting a draw are U-shaped or V-shaped, pointing toward high ground.
What is an azimuth?
A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.
How do you figure out a back azimuth?
To obtain a back azimuth from an azimuth, add 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or less; subtract 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or more
What are parallels of latitude?
Measured distances going north or south of the equator
What is longitude?
Imaginary lines that run north to south originating in Greenwich, England and measured in degrees
Name the different slopes found on a map.
What is a review?
Honor a visiting, high-ranking commander, official, or dignitary, and or permit them to observe the state of training of a command.
Present decorations and awards.
Honor or recognize unit or individual achievements.
Commemorate events.
What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
What foot is your leading foot?
Your left foot
How many steps per minute is quick time?
120 steps per minute
How many steps per minute is double time?
180 steps per minute