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32 Cards in this Set

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Ambo

Ambo

(in an early Christian church) an oblong pulpit with steps at each end.
Apse

Apse

a large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof and typically at the church's eastern end.
Atrium

Atrium

an open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house.
Baroque

Baroque

A term generally applied to a style or design during the late Renaissance period, often characterised by over-elaboration of scrolls, curves and carved ornament.

Basilica

Basilica

a large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies.a building similar to a Roman basilica, used as a Christian church.the name given to certain churches granted special privileges by the Pope.
Bema

Bema

the altar part or sanctuary in ancient and Orthodox churches.the podium or platform in a synagogue from which the Torah and Prophets are read.
Buttress

Buttress

A mass of masonry built against a wall to resit the pressure of an arch or vault. A flying buttress is an arch abutting a wall and reaching out to the ground to take the thrust of the vaulting.

Byzantine Architecture

Byzantine Architecture

Byzantine architecture is the architecture of theByzantine Empire, also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman Empire.
Capital

Capital

In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface.
Chapel

Chapel

a small building or room used for Christian worship in a school, prison, hospital, or large private house.
 Choir

Choir

an organised group of singers, especially one that takes part in church services or performs in public.
 Clerestory Windows 

Clerestory Windows

each of a series of windows in a clerestory. A window with no crosspiece dividing the light.
Column

Column

an upright pillar, typically cylindrical, supporting an arch, entablature, or other structure or standing alone as a monument.

 Colonnade

Colonnade

a row of evenly spaced columns supporting a roof, an entablature, or arches.
 Cupola

Cupola

a rounded dome forming or adorning a roof or ceiling.
 Fan Vault

Fan Vault

A fan vault is a form of vault used in the Gothic style, in which the ribs are all of the same curve and spaced equidistantly, in a manner resembling a fan. The initiation and propagation of this design element is strongly associated with England.
 Gothic 

Gothic

The name generally given to the period style of medieval architecture prevalent erected as seperate buildings.

Groin 

Groin

a curved edge formed by two intersecting vaults.
 Fresco 

Fresco

the term originally applied to painting on a wall while the plaster is wet, but often used for any wall painting not in oil colours.

Lancet Windows 

Lancet Windows

a slender pointed arched window
 Loggia 

Loggia

a gallery behind an open arcade or colonnade, forming a shelter.

 Mosaic 

Mosaic

a picture or pattern produced by arranging together small pieces of stone, tile, glass, etc
 Narthex 

Narthex

a long arched porch forming an entrance into a Christian basilican church originally the place where penitents gathered because they could not join the community gathered around the alter during their time in penance.

Nave

Nave

the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars
Portico

Portico

a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building.
Renaissance

Renaissance

the revival of European art and literature under the influence of classical models in the 14th–16th centuries.
Rib 

Rib

a long raised piece of strengthening or supporting material, in particular.
Rococo

Rococo

denoting furniture or architecture characterised by an elaborately ornamental late baroque style of decoration prevalent in 18th-century continental Europe, with asymmetrical patterns involving motifs and scrollwork.
Romanesque

Romanesque

relating to a style of architecture which prevailed in Europe c. 900–1200, although sometimes dated back to the end of the Roman Empire (5th century).
Rose 'Window

Rose 'Window

a circular window with mullions or tracery radiating in a form suggestive of a rose.
Transept

Transept

(in a cross-shaped church) either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave.
Vault 

Vault

a roof in the form of an arch or a series of arches, typical of churches and other large, formal buildings.