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87 Cards in this Set

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City Plan of Priene, Turkey, 4th cent. BC
Paionios of Ephesos and Daphnis of Miletos
Temple of Apollo, Didyma, Turkey, 313 BC
Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, Turkey, 175 BC
Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes, Persepolis, 500 BC
Xerxes' Hall of Hundred Columns, Persepolis, 500 BC
Necropolis of Banditaccia, Cerveteri, Italy, 7th/6th cent. BC
Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy, 3rd cent BC
Model and Plan of an Etruscan Temple, 6th century
Porta Augusta, Perugia, Italy, 300 BC
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, first century AD
Maison Carrée, Nîmes, France, 16 BC
Pompeii, Italy, founded sixth century BC; destroyed 79 AD
Pompeii Forum, second century BC and later
Pompeii Basilica, ca. 120 BC
Pompeii Stabian and Forum Thermae (Baths), ca. 120 - 80 BC
Pompeii Amphitheater, ca. 80 BC
Diagram of typical Roman domus (private house)
1. fauces; 2. atruium; 3. impluvium; 4. cubiculum; 5. tablinum; 6. peristyle; 7. triclinium
House of the Vettii, Pompeii, first century AD
Model of an insula, in Ostia, Italy, second century AD
Arch of Titus, Forum Romanum, Rome, after 81 AD
Apollodorus of Damascus, arch., Trajan’s Forum, Rome
Apollodorus of Damascus, arch., Basilica Ulpia, 98-117 AD
Trajan’s Column, ca. 106-113 AD
Apollodorus of Damascus, arch., Markets of Trajan, ca.100-112 AD
Flavian Amphitheater (the “Colosseum”), Rome, 72-80 AD
Pantheon, Rome, ca. 118-128 AD
Caracalla Thermae, Rome, ca. 211-217 AD
Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli, Italy, 117-138 AD
Reconstruction of the Christian community house, Dura-Europos, Syria, ca. 240-256 AD
Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella, Via Appia, outside Rome, ca. 50 - 40 BC
Catacombs of St. Callixtus, Rome, mid-second century AD
Aula Palatina, at the Palace of Constantine, Trier, Germany, early fourth century
Arch of Constantine, Rome, 312-15
Old St. Peter’s, Vatican Hill, Rome, begun ca. 320
agora
the open meeting place or market place in an ancient Greek city
ambulatory
a semicircular or polygonal passageway around an apse
amphitheater
an elliptical or circular space surrounded by rising tiers of seats, as used by the Romans for gladiatorial contests; e.g., the Colosseum in Rome
apse
a vaulted semicircular or polygonal termination
aqueduct
an artificial channel for carrying water, usually an elevated masonry or brick structure supported on arches; invented by the Romans
arcade
a series of arches supported by piers or columns
arch
a curved structural member that spans an opening and is generally composed of wedge-shaped blocks (voussoirs) that transmit the downward pressure laterally
arcuation
having arches; a system of architecture dependent upon arches
atrium
the court of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also, the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica
baldacchino
a canopy on four columns, frequently built over an altar. Also referred to as a ciborium
baptistery
in Christian architecture, the building used for baptism, usually situated next to a church
barrel vault
the simplest form of vault, consisting of a continuous vault of semicircular or pointed sections, unbroken in its length by cross vaults.; also known as a tunnel vault
basilica
in Roman architecture, a large meeting-hall used in public administration. Often Roman basilicas were oblong in form with aisles and galleries and an apse opposite the entrance (which may be on the long end or the short end)
basilican-plan church
in Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and having an apse on the other.
caldarium
room with bath of hot water
castrum
Roman military camp, built on a common rectangular layout throughout the Empire. A
castrum was surrounded by a rampart and a wall with towers, and crossed by two main streets, running between four gates. The headquarters (praetorium) lay at their intersection
catacombs
subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
centering
in arch construction, the temporary wooden framework used to hold construction material in place until a vault or arch is self-sustaining
concrete
artificial stone made by a mixture of specific proportions of cement, water, and aggregate, such as crushed stone and sand.
cubiculum
small bedroom
dome
a vault of even curvature erected on a circular base
domus
In ancient Rome, the domus was the type of house occupied by the upper classes and some wealthy freedmen during the Republican and Imperial eras
forum
in Roman architecture, a central open space, usually surrounded by public buildings and colonnades; corresponds to the Greek agora
frigidarium
room with bath of cold water
groin vault
a vault produced by by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults of identical shape
hypocaust
the underground chamber or duct of the Roman system of central heating, the floor being heated by the hot air circulating below
impluvium
sunken basin in atrium holding rainwater
insula
an ancient Roman apartment block
keystone
the central voussoir at the top of a completed arch
Laborum (Chi-Rho)
the monogram of Constantine; a symbol composed of the two first letters in Christ’s name in the Greek
loculi
openings in the walls of catacombs to receive the dead
narthex
a porch or vestibule of a church, generally colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave
nave
the central area of an ancient Roman basilica or of a church, demarcated from aisles by piers or columns separating the nave from the aisles
oculus
a circular opening in a wall or at the apex of a dome
opus incertum
random facing composed of small stones; used second to first centuries BC
opus reticulatum
small square stones set diagonally; used first century BC to first century AD
opus testaceum
facing of flat bricks or tiles; used starting mid-first century AD
palatine
A palatine or palatinus is a high-level official attached to imperial or royal courts in Europe since Roman times. The term palatinus was first used in Ancient Rome for chamberlains of the Emperor due to their association with the Palatine Hill
pendentive
an inverted, concave, triangular piece of masonry serving as the transition from a square support system to the circular base of a dome
peristyle
a row of columns surrounding a space within a building such as a court or internal garden or edging a veranda or porch
tablinum
“home office”
tepidarium
room with bath of warm water
thermae
in Roman architecture, public baths usually of great size and splendour, consisting of bathing rooms of varied heating intensity and facilities for exercise and relaxation
trabeation
construction using upright posts and horizontal lintels, not arches or vaults; also known as “post-and-beam” or “post-and-lintel” construction
transept
the part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle
triumphal arch
a freestanding, massive stone gateway with a large central arch, built as urban ornament and/or to celebrate military victories
tufa
a soft porous rock
tumulus
burial mound; in Etruscan architecture, tumuli cover one of more subterranean multi-chambered tombs cut out of local tufa
voussoirs
a wedge-shaped stone used in the construction of an arch or vault
Roman Orders
Tuscan, Roman Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Composite
Constantine
Emperor of Rome who stopped the persecution of Christians and in 324 made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire; in 330 he moved his capital from Rome to Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople (280-337)
Hippodamus of Miletus
Hippodamus of Miletus was an ancient Greek architect, urban planner, physician, mathematician, meteorologist and philosopher and is considered to be the “father” of urban planning, the namesake of Hippodamian plan of city layouts
Vitruvius
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio was a Roman author, architect, and engineer during the 1st century BC perhaps best known for his multi-volume work entitled De Architectura