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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

kathleen kenyon

excated jericho 1950

discovered agricultural communities w/ art and pottery (neolithic)

williard libby

discovered 14 carbon dating

klaus schmidt

excavated göbekli tepe

james mellaart

discovered catal höyük

ian hodder

currently leads catal höyük excavation

andrew sherratt

idea of secondary products revolution

animals used for blodd, milk, wool

v. gordon childe

10 things it means to be civilized

charles redman

split childe's list of 10 into 2 groups of 5

secondary and primary

leonard woolleey

discovered Ur (site)

tomb of queen shob-da

jean-francois champollion

deciphered rosetta stone using pharaoh names

james e. quibell

discovered narmer's palette in temple at kieraonplis

mark lehner

giza plateau mapping project

howard carter

discovered king tuts tomb in 1922 in valley on kings

lord carnarvon

funded search for king tuts tomb

zahi hawass

studied how tut died

possibly malaria


tried to find homeric troy

excavated troy 2

excavated hissarklik

planted priams treasure

sophia engastromenos

schliemanns wife

fled country when he "found" jewels of helen

wilhem dörpfeld

found mycenaean pottery (from bronze age) in troy 6

frank calvertt

excavating hissarklik (in troy_ w/ dorpfeld and schliemann

sir john lubbock

preserved ave bury in england

later called lord avebury

john aubrey

partial discoverer of avebury

wang yirong

discoverd anyang accidentally

rai bahadur daya ram sahni

excavated harappa under sir john marshall in 1920

sir john marshall

lead excavation of harappa

richard meadow

currently leads harappa excavation

rafique mughal

discovered 3 large urban centers in ganweirwala (not excavated)

susan and roderick mcintosh

excavated jenee-jeno

african urban centers dif from mesopotamia

jaão de barros


walls made with out mortar

great zimbabwe

karl mauch

german explorer looking for remains of lost white ppl

found great zimbabwe in 1872

cecil rhodes

occupied mashonaland for gold prospecting

site became symbol for justifying colonization

theodore bent

1891 had studied phoenians but no formal traning in archaeology

concluded builders came from arabian peninsula

gertrude caton-thompson

led all woman excavating team

1st feminist arch.

trained kathleen kenyon

great zimbabwe

amal clooney

human rights lawyer for greece

queen shub-ad

Ur (2900-2379)

sir leonard woolley

human sacrifices

social hierarchy


narmers pallete discovered in hierkaonplois

united upper and lower into 1 kingdom and became king-pharoah (wears both crowns on tablet)

pharaohs = humans and gods


scribe and architect

invented stepped pyramid (to minimize looting)

dynasty 3 egypt



built 1st pyramid at saqqarah (6 mastasbas - king burial chamber)

dynasty 3 egypt

khufu, khafre, menkure

built pyramids at greatest angle that can be sustained

khufu = largest

khafre = highest

menkure = smallest


reined for 10 years (died at 18)

important b/c only unlooted tomb of a pharaoh

howard carter


wrote illiad

epic poem of fight b/w king agamemnon and warrior achilled

alludes to mycenaean atack on troy

ludy fu hao

lady good

only unlooted tomb of anyang dynasty elite

ohallo II, sea of galilee

12-19 kya

plant remaind

broad diet

intenssive use of grasses

fertile crescent


wheat, barley, pig, cattle, other stuff

göbekli tepe, turkey

9000 Bc neolithic

earliest religious structure?

constructed by hunter gatherers?

made using stone tools

klaud schmidt

jericho, west bank

10,500-8000 BC

no pottery (kathleen keyton)

catal hoyuk, turkey

7500-6000 BC

32 acres

10,000 ppl

mother goddess cult

james mellaart

eridu, iraq

3500 BC

1st city

temples houses chief dietys

Ur, iraq

2900-2370 BC

early dynastic period

sir leonard woolley

royal cemetery (wealth, human sacrifice, trade)

Uruk, iraq

4000-3100 BC

"organic growth" (no town planning)

city wall to keep people in and out

hierkonpolis, egypt

3100-2890 BC

james e quibell

narmers palette

giza, egypte

pyrmid building age

khufu, khafre, menkure

valley of the kings, egypte

new kingdom

many pharaoh tombs

missing tut

hissarklik/troy, turkey

3000th BC- 4th century AD]

9 levels

schliemann, dorpfeld, calvert

priams treasure

carnac, france

aligment of menhirs in 13 parrallel lines

extends 4 miles

locmariaquer, france

largest menhir

75 ft tall

avebury, england

3500 BC (earliest henge)

preserved due to sir john lubbock

large circle of sarsen stones w/ 2 smaller circles

stonehenge, england

3000-1500 BC

stone monuments form part of bigger complex (burials and ritual sites)

excavated w/ radar

construction ended in 2000 BC

astronomic observatory?

archaeoacoustics- related to sound waves?

ao, china

shang dynasty (1766-1122 BC)

early shang capital

anyang, china

shang dynasty (1300-1050)

LAST shang capital

royals buried w 3 layers (instruments, war, human sacrificies)

tomb of lady fu hao

mehrgarh, indus valley

6500-5500 BC

evidence of raising goats then cattle

agricultrual precursor for indus civilizations

harappa, indus valley

structures made w mud brick

town planning w streets

ceramics and bead making

charles masson

mohenjo-daro, indus


public bath

water works

lack of monuments celebrating people (dif than mesopotamia and egypt)

ganweirwala, indus

3 main urban centers

not yet excavated (newest)


200 BC (africa)

set stage for trade in n. america

city walls

black smith

susan and roderick mcintosh

social heterarchy (power distributed horizontally, opposite of mesopotamia)

great zimbabwe

1300-1450 BC

sulawesi, indonesia

40 kya

changed view of origin of art

narmer's palette

3100-2890 hierkonpolis, egypt

james e quibell

narmers united upper and lower egypt

each side shows one side of egypt

rosetta stone


pierre-francois bouchard (discovered)

jeans francois champollion (deciphered)

tri lingual (greek, hieroglyphs, demotic egyptian)

used cartouches and pharaoh names to decipher

mother goddess figure

7500-6000 BC catal hoyuk

mellaart & hudder

no faces, hands or feet, fat

fertility goddess

warka vase

3200-3000 BC uruk

stone vessel

one of earliest works of narrative relief sculpture

catal hoyuk murals

7500-6000 BC

James mellaart

hunting scenes, mountains, geometric forms

cylinder seals

3600 BC

tokens to show wealth

priam's treasure


"jewels of helen" fake

oracle bones

shang dynasty

lady fu hao

used to predict future

weather, military, children

where did agricultural originated

ohalla 2, sea of gulilee

fertile crescent

primary characterisitcs of civ

* Cities
* Full time labor specialization
* State organization (territorial residence)
* Class stratification w/ ruling stratum
* Concentration of surplus

secondary characteristics of civ

* Monumental public works
* Long distance trade
* Writing/record keeping
* Standardized artwork
* Science, math, astronomy

early forms of writing


rosetta stone