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28 Cards in this Set

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Hardwick Hall

Elizabeth Hardwick (1590-97)


Architect: Robert Smythson


- late 1500s


"More glass than wall"


Geometrical Design, Flat roof, elements of Renaissance are present.


Built on Elizabeth's ambitions to draw the Queen there.

Inigo Jones

Introduced Italian Renaissance to England


Observed Palladio's work in Italy




- Queens House, Greenwich


- Banqueting House, London

Banqueting House

Built by Inigo Jones for King James I. (1619-22)


- 1600s


Shows most ambitious pure Renaissance design in England yet.


Clear Renaissance influences from Palladio's


Vitruvian basilica.

Monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial

Built for King Philip II (1562-82)


Architect: Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera


late 1500s


Very austere example of Renaissance


square-circle plan. Inspired by Philip's religious devotion and ideals.

Monastery/Mission San Miguel at Heujotzingo

"New World" Church built by Spanish.


(1544-1571)


Open air spaces of worship for Natives. Pasar Chapels for circular processions. Has influences from Renaissance architecture from Spain.

Tenochtitlan

Aztec capitol city founded in center of Lake


Texcoco. -1325


Founded on series of small islands filled in to create a massive central island.


Divided in 4 sections according to Aztec beliefs of the world.


Cortez razed the city after the conquest to build Mexico City.

Templo Mayor

1325- 1500s


Huge central temple of Tenochtitlan.


Site of many Aztec rituals and ceremonies,


including human sacrifices.


Actual temple built up over rule to become


larger

Machu Picchu

1450-1470


Inca Winter home for Royal Family. Built


impressively into the Andes high on steep slopes.


Terraced sides of slopes maintain the integrity of the hillsides and also allow for agricultural


production.

Safavid Dynasty

The main ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501-1732.


Shah Abbas I, rebuilt Isfahan to become his new capitol.


Rebuilt many mosques and gardens in the city.


Great use of Iwan-Pistaq elements in structure. Much use of blue colored tiles in decoration.

Masjid-i-Shad

1611-30: Abu'l Qasim architect


- 1600's


Built in new market complex by Shah Abbas as part of his new capitol.


Unique turn in entrance to align with Mecca.


54* angle allows access to the inner courtyard. Interior of mosque makes use of Domes of Vaults and blue tile.

Maidan-i-Shah

The massive public square flanking the Masjid-I-Shah.


Arcade style bazaar with same iwan pistaq


design.

The Mughals

Muslim dynasty originally from Central Asia.


Slowly pushed into India, picking up elements of Hindu culture as well.




Build some of the most beautiful buildings in


India.

Emperor Akbar

Mughal Emperor.


Created city of Fatehpur Sikri, (City of Victory) to make his new capitol.


Incredible structures from his visit to a holy man who lived there. Red Sandstone was the main building material for this complex.




Region eventually proved too dry for large habitation, and was abandoned.

Shah Jehan

Son of Akbar, had his brothers murdered when he came to power.


Great patron of the arts, would build many incredible structures in his rule.




Would eventually commission the Taj Mahal for his favorite wife.

Taj Mahal

Commissioned by Shah Jehan in 1632


- 1600's: Agra, India Architect unknown


Several Onion domes on top of marble veneered brick work. Continues the Iwan-Pistaq theme of the previous mosques, though for a memorial structure.


Is at center of large complex with twin flanking structures. Taj is identical on all sides.

Ottoman Turks

Turkish tribes that eventually conquered the remnants of the Byzantine Empire. Rename


Constantinople to Istanbul, as their new capitol.




Will build upon the architectural legacy of the Romans, adding many Mosques to the city.

Sultan Suleyman I

Great builder and warrior. Commissioned many great monumental developments in


Constantinople to make it the center of Muslim Culture.

Koca Mimar Sinan


Main architect under Suleyman and several


descendant Sultans after having been a


Janissary. Lived to an incredible age of 98.




Designed the Suleymaniye Mosque and over 300 other structures in Istanbul.

Suleymaniye Mosque

Largest Mosque in Istanbul, built by Koca Sinan for Suleyman. 1550 - 1557


Built as a Kulliye, similar as many other religious complexes in the city, containing civic centers, baths, hotels, etc.


Suleyman's response to the Hagia Sofia in it's size and grandeur.

Baroque


Theatricality, movement, plasticity.


- Gianlorenzo Bernini


- Francesco Borromini


- Pietro da Cortona

Cornaro Chapel

Cornarno Family


1645-52 -1600's


Bernini's work in sculpture is very pronounced in this exhibition on St. Teresa.


Sculpture is lit by hidden window. Intricate patterning and gold adorn the statue as well

San Andrea al Quirinale

Rome, 1658-76


The Church - Bernini


A small oval plan church for Jesuit novices. Building is shaped with many curves. Inside, painting, sculpture, and light emphasize the characteristics of Baroque style in a classic example of motion and theatricality.


Interior pediment is broken by stature of St Andrew rising to heaven accompanied by putti (angelic infants)

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

1634-65


The Church: Spanish Monks - Borromini


Charles of the 4 Fountains. Small church using interlocking shapes as plan. Intricate use of curve and counter-curves create an interior space unique to traditional technique at the time.

Sant' Ivo della Sapienza


1642-60


The Church - Borromini


Chapel Church for a college (University of Rome). Giacomo della Porta had designed the façade, and Borromini had finished the dome and


interior.


Plan of 6 pointed start representing wisedom (Sapienza = Wisedom). Unique spiraling tower on top of covered dome

Cappella della SS. Sindone.

Guarino Gaurini 1667-90


Gaurini, inspired by the works of Borromini and Gothic influences as well, designed the Chapel of the Holy Shroud as an addition to the Turin


Cathedral.


Lots of intricate arches and window slits exhibit characteristics of Muslim architecture as well.

Piazza for St. Peter's


Commissioned by Pope Alexander VII - Bernini


1656-67


Bernini had to consolidate existing buildings into a general plan using an oval and trapezoid arrangement.


Use of colonnade around piazza both blocks outside sights and but also allows access.


- 1500's Central Obelisk from Egyptian site marks


piazza in front of St. Peter's dome.

Trevi Fountain

1700's - Nicola Salvi, Giuseppe Pannini


Pope Clemens VII


One of the most astonishing Baroque public works in the city. Marks the end of an ancient Roman Aqueduct that runs to the city. A new


façade was placed on it and a flowing water fountain with carved sculpture commissioned.

Plan for Redevelopment of Rome

Pope Sixtus V directed redevelopment of Rome


late 1500's


Domenico Fontana planned out several new slashing straight streets to connect monuments and religious sites in order to draw more


pilgrims to safely visit the city.