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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Louisiana Purchase

Sold by Napoleon to Jefferson in 1803.

Napoleon was looking for cash because his army had been defeated in Haiti.

Created 15 U.S. States

Questioned presidential authority to buy the land (constitutional controversy)

Missouri Compromise

In 1819, the 22 U.S. States were divided evenly between slave and free.

Allowed the South to protect its interests in the Senate.

Created by Henry Clay

Prohibited slavery in the northern area of the U.S.


Rejected all treaties because of his belief that common property could not be given away by one person. (Land belonged to all Indians).

Ally of Britain in the War of 1812.

*Tecumseh's War was a conflict between the U.S. and the Natives

War of 1812

War fought between America and Britain largely over British restrictions on American shipping.

Pushed for by the War Hawks

Federalists voted against the war

American attacks on Canada failed in apart because New England refused to support the war effort.

Ended by the Treaty of Ghent--British evacuate their Western posts and drop their ally of Indians.

Bacon's Rebellion

Violent conflict in Virginia (1675-1676)

Began with settlers attacking Indians, but became a full blown rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon against Virginia's government.

House of Burgesses

The legislature of colonial Virginia.

(1619)First representative government in the English colonies.


Economic system whereby the government intervenes in the economy for the purpose of increasing national wealth

Navigation Acts

Passed by the Parliament (1696)

Prohibited merchants from other nations ability to trade in the colonies.

Mandated commodities from the colonies must be shipped in vessels built in England or the British colonies themselves.

Non-Importation Movement

In response to Townshed Acts of 1767, colonies united to boycott British goods.

Organized by the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty played a big role.

Monroe Doctrine

Declared the western hemisphere (the Americas) to be prohibited from any further colonization.

Jay's Treaty

John Jay was the secretary of foreign affairs in 1784.

Treaty signed with Great Britain in 1794. Made Britain preferred trading partner of the U.S. Forced Great Britain out of America.

Violates treaty with France, causes France to start attacking American merchant ships.

Great Compromise

Battle between large and small states over representation in congress.

Virginia Plan: favored larger states and taxed based off of population.

New Jersey Plan: favored small states and taxed equally regardless of population.

Results in bicameral legislature: senate=equal representation ; house=representative of population


Want a strong national government.

Want a constitution (over the Articles of Confederation)

Weren't too concerned with individual citizen rights (for the most part).


Wanted strong state governments.

Favored the Articles of Confederation because they allowed state autonomy.

Cared about individual citizens' rights.

Assumption Bill

(Federalist Ideology) Proposed by Alexander Hamilton

Bill that proposes the national government "assumes" all of the states' debts.

Didn't take into account that some states had already paid off portions of their debt.

Proposed in order to help establish international credit.

Rush-Bagot Treaty

(1817) Treaty between United States and Britain that effectively demilitarized the Great Lakes by sharply limiting the number of ships each power could station on them.

Proclamation of 1763

Colonists are forbidden to move westward of the Appalachian Mountains

Made law after Seven Years War

Made in order to avoid conflict with Natives

Colonists ignored the mandate because Britain couldn't enforce it. Salutary Neglect.

First Great Awakening


reignited the fire of religion and sparked a rise in sections like Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian.

Sparked by George Whitfield (preacher)

Introduces slaves to christianity

Pinckney's Treaty

1795 - Treaty between the U.S. and Spain which gave the U.S. the right to transport goods on the Mississippi river and to store goods in the Spanish port of New Orleans

XYZ Affair

An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.

Alien & Sedition Acts

Citizenship extended from 5 to 14 years.

Laws passed by congress in 1798 that enabled the government to imprison or deport aliens and to prosecute critics of the government

Half-Way Covenant

An Agreement made in 1662 as church membership was declining

Member's children whom haven't undergone conversion could become halfway members

Halfway members were only restricted from participating in communion.

Northwest Ordinance


Entitled congress to handle situation under the Articles of Confederation.

Congress establishes a system of government for the territory north of Ohio.

3-5 states were to be carved out of the territory and have equal footing with he original states.

Slavery was prohibited.

Governors were appointed by congress and had complete veto on territorial legislation.

John Peter Zenger Trial

Indicted for seditious libel after printing anti-government articles.

Eventually acquitted.

Gave precedent for freedom of speech.

Virginia Slave Codes


Used to determine how to deal with slaves.

Included things like what made you a slave (i.e., the conditions of your mother) and whether religion mattered.

Didn't allow for legal slave marriage.

Shay's Rebellion


A rebellion by debtor farmers in western Massachusetts

Led by Revolutionary War Captain Daniel Shays, against Boston creditors.

Threatened the economic interests of the business elite and contributed to the demise of the Articles of Confederation.