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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
John Smith
Who- Explorer from England, he was established the first permanent English colony, James Town

When- Born Jan. 1580- june 21 1631 he was most successful during the 1600
Significance- He was the explorer that founded the first british colony (jamestown) he had controll over it for a while
Virgina, Jamestown (1607) approved by James 1
Events- Bacons rebellion- began a lot rebellions he was a former mayor
When- 1607
Significance- first british colony
Joint Stock Company
busisness that has stock for sale
Indentured servants
What- servants under contract that served for about 3-7 years in exchange of their food clothing, lodging and transportation to the Americas.

When- 16th and 17 century

Significance- would increase the population of North America which further increased the pop. of the towns.
who- groups of English protestants who went to Americas to seek religious freedom

When- 17 century

Significance- they were English protestants that left to Americas for religious freedom
John Winthrop
Who- John led a group of English puritans to the new world and he was appointed Governor of Massachusetts bay colony

When-1630-1649 appointed governor at 1629

Significance-led a group of English puritans to the new world
King Philips War
what- a war between the natives and the English and their native allies in new England


Significance- led to a treaty between the both
Headright system
What- legal grant of land to the settlers

When- 17th century

Significance- attracted a lot more settlers into the colonies and led many colonials to be poor
The Calverts
Who- family who basically colonized Maryland

When- during the 17th century he colonized for the catholic

Significance: Colonized the new world (Maryland) for the catholic
Bacon's Rebellion
What: rebellion that tried to drive the native out of Virgina and was against Berkley (the mayor at the time)

When: 1676

Significance: first rebellion in the colonies and Berkley was recalled to England
Who: became the largest empire in pre-Colombian America, began as a tribe in the Cuzco area, where the legendary first Sapa Inca, Manco Capac founded the Kingdom of Cuzco around 1200.

When: around 1200, Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro explored south from Panama, reaching Inca territory by 1526.

Significance: had reached a wealthy land with prospects of great treasure, After one more expedition in 1529, Pizarro returned to Spain and received royal approval to conquer the Inca region and become its viceroy.
Who- a Mesoamerican civilization

What- They were finally subdued by the Spanish in 1697.

Significance- noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems
Who- led by Hernándo Cortés, landed on the Gulf Coast in the spring of 1519.

Who- The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica

Significance- The Spanish conquered one of the biggest and strongest also on of the only centralized empires in central America
Chaco Canyon
What- is a United States national historical park hosting the densest and most exceptional concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest.

When- Between AD 900 and 1150, Chaco Canyon was a major center of culture for the Ancient Pueblo Peoples

Significance- Canyon was a major center of culture for the Ancient Pueblo Peoples.
Woodland Indians
Who- were culturally and technically advanced tribes who began permanently inhabiting villages, unlike their nomadic predecessors the Archaic Indians

When- before 1000 BC until 1000 AD

Significance- were culturally and technically advanced tribes who began permanently inhabiting villages, unlike their nomadic predecessors the Archaic Indians
Mobile societies (native Americans)
Who- Native Americans that were mainly hunters and gatherers, they exhausted the resources and moved on

When- We have know of mobile societies in the Americas since when Columbus came 1942

Significance- they thought the colonizer valuable lessons needed to survive
What- Technological advances that brought new produce to Europe

When- 16-18 century

Significance- this allowed the colonizers and brought new produce to Europe
Leif Erickson
Who- was a Norse explorer from Europe

When- 992

Significance- was declared to be the first one to step in North America even before Columbus
Prince Henry the Navigator
Who- patron of the Portuguese

When- March 1394 – 13 November 1460

Significance- he started the worldwide trading route system
Christopher Columbus
Who- Italian explorer who was founded by the Spanish king and queen


Significance- He found the new world and began Spanish colonization in south America
Ferdinand Magellan
Who- Portuguese explorer

When- 1519–1522 became the first expedition

Significance- He was the first one to go completely around the world
The Conquistadors
What- People apointed by the spanish king/ queen to go over to south american and conquer land

When- 15th century and on

Significance- conquered much piece of land and created the powerful empire of the Spanish
Who- Spanish conquistador

When- early 16th century

Significance- he conquered the Aztec empire
Fransisco Pizarro
Who- Spanish conquistador

When- 16th century

Significance- conquered the Inca Empire
Catholic Missions
What- Mission carried out to the new world

When- 16th century

Significance- the catholic began to start creating mission to carry their religion to the new world and converted the Maya and other natives
St. Augustine
What- is a city in the northeast section of Florida

When- Founded in 1565 by Spanish explore

Significance- large town and important port