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14 Cards in this Set

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Extracellular digestion
Digestion that takes place outside of the cell (98)
Mycelium
The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food – plural mycelia (98)
Hypha
Filament of fungal cells – plural hyphae (100)
Rhizoid hypha
A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows (99)
Aerial hypha
A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows (100)
Sporophore
Specialized aerial hypha that produces spores (100)
Stolon
An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments (100)
Haustorium
A hypha of a parasitic fungus which enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm (100)
Chitin
A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility (101)
Membrane
A thin covering of tissue (104)
Fermentation
The anaerobic (without oxygen) breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules (i.e. alcohol, carbon dioxide, and lactic acid). (110)
Zygospore
A zygote surrounded by a hard, protective covering (112)
Zygote
The result of sexual reproduction when each parent contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring (112)
Antibiotic
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces the reproduction rates of other organisms (116)