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40 Cards in this Set

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Chapter 10

commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations

Agribusiness occurs in MDC's.


Chapter 10

the deliberate effort to modify a portion of earths surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain

Agriculture is what has kept this world alive for centuries.

Cereal grain

Chapter 10

a grass yielding grain for food

Cereal grain is used in our breads.


Chapter 10

husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing

The first step, it seems, is to separate the chaff from the grain.


Chapter 10

a machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field

Combine would be a machine used in commercial agriculture

Commercial Agriculture

Chapter 10

agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm

Commercial is taken place in MDC's


Chapter 10

grain or fruit gathered from a harvest during a particular season

Corn and soybeans are crops.

Crop Rotation

Chapter 10

the practice of growing different crops in succession on the same land chiefly to preserve the productive capacity of the soil

Using corn one season then soybeans another is crop rotation.


Chapter 10

degradation of land, especially in semiarid ares, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop polanting, animal grazing, and tree cutting

Desertification makes agriculture that much harder.

Double Cropping

Chapter 10

harvesting twice a year from the same field

Double cropping is a part of intensive agriculture


Chapter 10

seed of cereal grass

Bread is made from grain.

Green Revolution

Chapter 10

rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, esp new high-yield seeds and fertilizers

Green revolution isnt as shown in LDC's.


Chapter 10

the growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers

Growing apples is horticulture.


Chapter 10

the outer covering of a seed

The hull is the part of the see that is shown.

Intensive subsistence agriculture

Chapter 10

farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the max feasible yield from a parcel of land

Intensive agriculture is used to ensure to have enough crops to survive.


Chapter 10

the area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied

Milkshed is not as needed anymore due to increase of transportation


Chapter 10

word for wet rice

Paddy is grown in wet rice dominant areas.

pastoral nomadism

Chapter 10

a form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals

Pastoral nomadism is practiced in the Middle East


Chapter 10

grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing

Pastures in the US are more known in the midwest.


Chapter 10

a large farm in tropical/subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or teo crops for sale, usually to a more developed country

Plantations are in LDC'S

prime agricultural land

Chapter 10

the most productive farmland

Prime agricultural land is slowly being lost due to urbanization and industries taking over.


Chapter 10

a form of commercial agriculture in which livestock graze over an extensive area

In the 1800s, cow ranching was popular in the US.


Chapter 10

a machine that cuts cereal grain standing in the field

Machines like the reaper are used more in commercial agriculture

ridge tillage

Chapter 10

system of planting crops on ridge tops in order to reduce farm production costs and promote greater soil conservation

Ridge tillage helps make the soil richer.


Chapter 10

a flooded field for growing rice

Sawah is one of the most effective ways of growing rice.

shifting cultivation

Chapter 10

a form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another, each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period

Shifting cultivation is being looked down upon for its environmental abuse

slash-and-burn agriculture

Chapter 10

fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris

Slash-and-burn is a form of shifting cultivation

spring wheat

Chapter 10

wheat planted in the spring and harvested in the late summer

Spring wheat is the opposite of winter wheat.

subsistence agriculture

Chapter 10

designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer

subsistence agriculture is found in LDC's

sustainable agriculture

Chapter 10

farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil-restorting crops with cash crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides

Sustainable agriculture helps the environment


Chapter 10

a patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning

Swiddens get burned so they can retrieve more richer soil


Chapter 10

to beat out grain from stalks by trampling it

Thresh is a common form of grain farming


Chapter 10

the seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures

Transhumance is a part of pastoral nomadism

truck farming

Chapter 10

commercial gardening and fruit farming, named because truck was a middle english word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities

Truck farming is what you find in grocery stores

wet rice

Chapter 10

rice planted on dryland in a nursery and then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth

This is grown in wet rice dominant countries


Chapter 10

to remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind

Winnow is an tactic of getting rid of chaff

winter wheat

Chapter 10

wheat planted in the autumn and harvested in the early summer

This is the opposite of spring wheat.

Seed Agriculture

Chapter 10

the reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds that result from sexual fertilization.

Seed Agriculture is one of the two main forms of cultivation

Vegative planting

Chapter 10

reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants.

APHG Unit 5 Flash Cards

Zack Kirtz