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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Amygdala
emotional memory and reactions

Red Nucleus

coordinatemuscle movements

Occipital Lobe

vision

Parietal Lobe

Sensory association areas

1)Formed by Schwann in PNS (cover onecell) and oligodendrocytes(cover many cells) in CNS

Myelin

What 1 hormone does the Parathyroid gland produce? what does it do?

Parathyroid hormone - mobilizes calcium from bone to blood



Cortisol : Increases blood glucose levels & suppresses the immune system. Which gland is it made by?





Adrenal Gland

Melatonin: Regulates sleep pattern


• Influenced by light exposure bright light inhibits melatonin


• Low melatonin: alertness, elevated mood


• High melatonin: sleepiness, seasonal depression


Which gland is it made by?

Pineal Gland

Thymosin:


Processes lymphocytes into T-lymphocytes


• Aids in immune function


Which gland is it made by?

Thymus Gland

Estrogen & Testosterone are made by the?

Gonads

What is the name of the hormone that stimulates calcium to leave blood & enter bone.


Which gland is it made by?

Calcitonin: Thyroid Gland

Thyroid Hormones T3, T4- ) aid cells in O2 uptake and regulate metabolic rate. They are made by the?

Thyroid gland

Posterior Pituitary: This hormone initiates milk ejection & uterine contractions

Oxytocin

• Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) stimulate kidney tubule cells to reabsorb water. They are made by the ?

Posterior Pituitary

which gland produces Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) ?

Anterior pituitary; stimulates the thyroid gland to relate thyroid hormones

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is secreted by?

Anterior pituitary

The Growth hormone (GH) is secreted by ?

Anterior pituitary

• Prolactin (PRL) - Promotes lactation

Anterior pituitary

• Luteinising hormone (LH) is made in the ?

Anterior pituitary

• Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is made in the ?
Anterior pituitary
Which gland makes Epinephrine & noriepinephrine ?

What do they do?



Adrenal Gland


Mobilizes energy during sympathetic stress

Which gland secretes Androgens? what do they do?

Adrenal Gland: Effects similar to testosterone

Adrenal Gland: this one • Increases blood Na+ & water • • Decreases blood K+

Aldosterone
Glucagon is made by the ?? What does glucagon do?




Pancreas


• Released by Islets of Langerhans (Pancreatic Islets) • Increases glucose levels in blood

What hormone does the Pancreas make that decreases glucose levels in the blood?

Insulin -


• Released by Islets of Langerhans (Pancreatic Islets)


• Decreases glucose levels in blood

Function of the Pituitary Gland

produces critical hormones, which are chemical substances that control various bodily functions

Function of the Thyroid Gland

regulates the body's metabolism

Function of the Adrenal Gland

helps body control blood sugar, burn protein and fat, react to stressors like a major illness or injury, and regulate blood pressure.

Function of the pancreas

Produce enzymes to help with the digestion of food

Function of the parathyroid

regulate calcium levels and have no effect on metabolism.

Function of the Testis

produce sperm (spermatogenesis) and to produce androgens, primarily testosterone.