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28 Cards in this Set

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Agricultrural revolution
Transition from hunting-gathering communities and bands to agriculture and settlement. The period was also refined as the Neolithic revoultion.
Code of Hammurabi
7 well-preserved law codes enacted by the 6th babylonian King Hammurabi.
1. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.

2. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.

3

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If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.


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If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.


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If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement.


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6

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If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.


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7

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If any one buy from the son or the slave of another man, without witnesses or a contract, silver or gold, a male or female slave, an ox or a sheep, an ass or anything, or if he take it in charge, he is considered a thief and shall be put to death.
Indus Valley
An ancient Civiliztion in S.Asia that had florished around the Indus River basin. From 2500-1500bce, it grew a bigger pop. more than 900mi. Their popular reliongion is Hinduism.
Anciet Eygpt
AP World region: N. Africa
An ancient civiliztion where the ppl were polythestic.
Patriarchal
The structuring of family units based onm the man as the father figure; having primary authority over the rest of the family members. Note: shang religion held that Gods controlled all aspects of all peoples lives; people also believed they could call on sprits of their dead ancestors to act as their advocates with the Godds. this gave the extended family even greater significance.
Mandate of Heaven
A traditional Chinese philosophical cocept concerning the legitimacy of the rulers. The ppl who believed is the ZHOU dynasty. In rheur eyes the hearen would grant the Zhou power only as long it's rulers governed justly and wisely.
Bureaucracies
Ways of organizing government tasks by department or bureau so that diffewrent parts of the government could specialize and stabilize.
Olmec
Urban society supported by surpluses of corn. beans and sqaush. They mastered in irrigation techniques and constructed large scaled buildings. They were polythstic and developed a system of writing a calendar.
Bantu
A large category of African laguages.
In what war was the Coast Guard utilized during operation "Market Time" by using shallow-draft warships?
VIETNAM
Qin Dynasty
Date: 221-209bce.
1st ruling dynasty of China that developed a strong economy based on agriculture and organized a powerful army equipped with iron weapons. Had reasoning of buliding the great wall of china. had the shortset rulinng period.
Han Dynasty
Date: 200B.C.E.-200C.E.
The 2nd Imperial dynasty of China founded by peasant rebel leader Liu Bang. The hans consisted of a large nomadic group from N. Asia. The significance of the Han dynasty was the civil service system that had been taught of confucius.
Ancient Greece
Located on a peniusula between the waters of the aegan and Midetteranian sa. It was influential on language, politics, education systems philosophy, science and the arts. the greeks who lived here were polythestic. The believed in greek mythology.
Socrates, Plato, Arisotale
Famous ancient Greeks who believed that truth could be diserned through rational trhaought deliberation and careful observation, and that virtue and the quest of goodness would lead to internal peace.
Caste System
A caste is a combined social system of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, and political power. Caste should not be confused with class, in that members of a caste are deemed to be alike in function or culture, whereas not all members of a defined class may be so alike.
Alexander the Great
was a Greeki[›] king (basileus) of Macedon. He is the most celebrated member of the Argead Dynasty and created one of the largest empires in ancient history. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander received a classical Greek education under the tutorship of famed philosopher Aristotle, succeeded his father Philip II of Macedon to the throne in 336 BC after the King was assassinated, and died thirteen years later at the age of 32.
Hellenism
The culture, Ideals, and pattern of liofe of classical greece.
Rome
509B.C.E.-476 C.E.
An empire who was polythestic, had a social and political structure. Had enimies such as Carthage which led them to the Punic Wars.
Patrician/Plebeian
Land-owning noblemen or all other freemen
Twelve Tables
the ancient legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law. The Law of the Twelve Tables formed the centerpiece of the constitution of the Roman Republic and the core of the mos maiorum (custom of the ancestors). The Twelve Tables must be distinguished from the unrelated, much older "twelve shields" of King Numa Pompilius.
Constantine/Constantinople
Constantine defeated his rivals and came to power in 322ce. He ordered the buliding of constantinople at the site of the greek city of byzantium.
Silk Road
An extensive interconnected network of trade routes across the Asian continent connecting, East, South, and Western Asia with the mediterranean Pastoral communites along the way provided protection shelter and supplies for the merchants in exchange or payments.
Confucianism
Developed specifically for the Chiniese culture, and was widely practiced throughout china from around 400 Bce. It was inspired by the teachingsof confucius. It focus on human ,orality and wrong action.
Daoism
Defined as the way of nature, the way cosmos. It was founded by tao-tzu(a legendary chinese philosopher. This belif system is based on an exclusive concept reguarding an eternal principle govering all the working of the world.
Legalism
Maintained that peace and order were achievable only through a centralized, tightly governed state. They belived that people would be made to obey through harsh punishment, strong central government, and unquestioned authority.
Hinduism
Believed in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.(Indian subcontients)
Judaism
God selected a group of ppl, the hebrews, and made himself known to them it they followed his laws, worshipped him and were faithful, he would presure them all time.
Christiany
A religion where Jesus of Nazareth; a Jewish teacher who is the son of God, the Messiah. In 30ce. Jesus was crucified. His followers belived that he rose from the dead and ascended into heaven and christianity was born.