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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
polis, poleis (pl)
greek term for the city-state
servants of the spartan state, not slaves but not free, role in society was to provide agricultural labor and keep sparta supllied w/food
austere, militaristic society
an aristocrat who served as a mediator between classes, devised as solution to class conflict in attica
represntatives for gov., increased oppurtunities for commoners to participate in govt
delian league
created after the persian wars, this was an alliance of the poleis, athens became teh leader of the alliance
peloponnesian war
(431-404 bce) war between athens and sparta and the poleis under their control, sparta and its allies forced athens under unconditional surrender in 404 bce
refers to greek cultural traditions
an era when greek cultural traditions expanded their influence beyond greece tiself to a mch larger world
greek colonists settled there, and then ventured into the black sea in large numbers and established colonies all along its shore
under the ptolemics, this city became teh cultural capital of the hellinistic world
a city where peoples of different ethinic, religious, and cultural traditions conducted their affairs
greek poet who was charged with homosexuality, her surviving verse speaks of her strong physical atraction to young women
(470-399 bce) athenian who posed questions that encouraged reflection on human issues, particularly on matters ofe thics and morality
(430-347 bce) philospher whose cornerstone of thoruight was his throfy of forms or ideas
philospher whose work provided sucha coherent and comprehensive vision of teh world that his later disciples called him "the master of those who know"
the belief in multiple gods
greek god of wine, also know as bacchus, greek plays were performed in his honor
hellinistic philospher whot aught that pleasure - as quiet satisfaction- was the greatest good
people who refused to take strong positions on political, moral, and social issues b/c they doubted the possibility of certain knowledge
hellinistic philosophers who encouraged their followers to lead active, virtuious lives and to aid others
northern italian society that initially dominated teh romans, the eturscan helped convey greek concepts to the expanding romans
constitution that entrusted executive responsibilites to 2 consuls who wielded civil and military power
roman aristocrats and ealthy classes
roman common people
elected officials who represnted teh plebians interests in the govt
punic wars
(264-146 bce) conflicts between theromans and carthage the romans later conquered the city and used its resources to finance continued imperial expansion
huge state-run and slave-worked farms in ancient rome
2 brothers who worked to limit the amount of conqured land that any individual could hold, both were assasinated
city that produced grain, supplied copper, and began to experiment with the cultivation of vines
pax romana
"roman peace" a term that relates to the period of political stability, cultural brilliance, and ecnomic prosperity beginning with unification under augustus and lasting through the first 2 centuries ce
twelve tables
a basic law code for citizens of the early republic
circuses, circus maximus
places were events of entertainment took place
pater familias
roman term for the "father of the family" a theoretical implication that gave teh male head of the family almost unlimited authority
"bread and circuses"
what the masses were kept enteratiend with (subsidized grain and spectacular public entertainment)
an escaped slave who ssembled an army ofs eventy thousand rebellious slaves
when masters freed urban slaves when tehy reached 30 years of age
(106-43 bce) helped to establish stoicism as the promientn school of moral philosophy in rome
cult dedicated to mithras, whom they associated with military valeus such as strenght, courage, and discipline
cult of isis
most popular of all the med. religions of salvation before christianity, adored teh egyptian goddess as a benevolent and protective diety who nurtured her worhsipers
knowlege of these allowed mariners to sail safely and reliably to all parts of the indian coean basin
silk roads
ancient trade routes that extenced from teh roman empire in the west to china in the east
people who emphaseized the human as opposed to the divine nature of jesus
religion founded by the prophet mani in the 3rd century ce, a syncretic verison of zoroastrian, christian and buddhist elements
a cosmic sturggle betwen the forces of light and darkness, good and evil