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29 Cards in this Set

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Allegory

A story with an aspect that has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.

Anecdote

A short narrative

Anthropomorphism

When inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena are given human characteristics, behavior or motivation.



Ex: In the forest, the darkness waited for me.

Apostrophe

An address to someone not present or to a personified object or idea.

Pathos

Evokes feelings of pity & sympathy

Bathos

Evokes feelings of severe sadness, tears

Cacophony

The use of delibrate harsh, awkward sounds.

Caricature

A portrait that exaggerates a facet of personality

Conceit

An extended metaphor over several lines.

Couplet

A pair of lines that end in rhyme.

Diction

The author's choice of words.

Dramatic Irony

When the audience knows something that the characters in the story do not.

Elements of a short story

Characters, irony, theme, symbol, plot, setting

Elements of poetry

Figurative language


Symbol


Imagery


Rhythm


Rhyme

Elements of Drama

Conflict


Characters


Climax


Sets, props


Conclusion

Enjambment

The continuation of a syntatic unit from one line to the next with no pause.

Syntax

The ordering and structuring of words

Forshadowing

Event or Statement in a narrative that suggests a larger event that comes later

Free Verse

Poem written without a regular rhyme scheme or metrical pattern

Hubris

Excessive pride or ambition that leads to the main character's downfall



Ex: Okonkwo

Hyperbole

Exaggeration or deliberate overstatement

Irony

Statement that means the opposite of what it seems to mean, usually for humorous effect

Masculine Rhyme

Rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable.

Feminine Rhyme

Rhyme with 2 syllables

Personification

Giving an inanimate object human qualities or form.



Ex: The darkness of the forest became the figure of a beautiful woman in night-black clothing.

Paradox

Situation or statement that seems to contradict itself

Satire

Exposes people's mistakes with the use of humor.

Metonymy

A word used to stand for something else.



Ex: The pen is mightier than the sword.

Euphemism

A word or phrase that takes thr place of harsh, unpleasant reality.



Ex: 'Put to sleep' instead of 'euthanize'