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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mother Bickerdyke (8)
1. Botanic physician
2. Sent to the encampment to care for the men
3. Cleaned hospital tents and soldiers, cooked, nourshed soldiers
4. Exposed the War Department's inability to meet the needs of the nation's first mass army
5. Official agent of "The Sanitary"
6. Key figure in the medical support for General Grant's campaigns along the Mississippi River
7. Served as the "middle woman" between the home front and the battlefield
8. Actions were typical of those in many communities, showing that while national unity failed, the strength of local communities endured
Galesburg, Illinois (2)
1. Sent a regiment of men
2. Many of the 500 men they sent died of diseases such as dysentery, pneumonia, typhoid and the measles
Women's Central Association of Relief (3)
1. Organized by abolitionists, temperance supporters and supporters of the education movement
2. 7,000 chapters throughout theh North
3. Worked to raise funds, make and collect food, clothes, medicine, bandages and more than 250,000 quilts and comforters
United States Sanitary Commission (3)
1. Established in June 1861
2. Created by Lincoln
3. Had the power to investigate and advise the Medical Bureau
Total deaths of the Civil War
Fort Sumter (3)
1. South Carolina
2. Fort claimed by both the North and the South
3. Controlled the entrance to the Carleston harbor
Battle at Fort Sumter (6)
1. April 12 - 14, 1861
2. On April 6, Lincoln told the SC governor that he was sending a relief force to Fort Sumter with food, but no military supplies
3. April 10, 1861, Davis ordered General P.G.T. Beauregard to demand the surrender of the area
4. Lincoln's forces reached the area on April 12
5. Union forces surrendered on April 14
6. Anderson was general in the North
Results of Fort Sumter (4)
1. Began the Civil War
2. Showed Southern hostility
3. Loss of the area
4. North mobilizes an army
Major Robert Anderson
Leading general in the Battle at Fort Sumter
General P.G.T. Beauregard (2)
1. General at Fort Sumter
2. General at First Bull Run
Atmosphere at the beginning of the war
Strong patriotism in both the North and the South
First states to secede (7)
South Carolina
States to secede after firing at Fort Sumter (4)
1. Virginia
2. Arkansas
3. Tennessee
4. North Carolina
Border states (5)
1. Missouri
2. Kentucky
3. Maryland
4. West Virginia
5. Delaware
Importance of Maryland
Maryland's secession would result in D.C. being surrounded by Confederate territory
Maryland (4)
1. Loyalty to the Union split
2. Lincoln sent Union troops to crucial railroads
3. Declared martial law in Baltimore
4. Arrested suspected ringleaders of the pro-Confederate mob and held them without trial
First Battle of Bull Run (6)
1. July 1861
2. Manassas Creek, Virginia
3. Union army was extremely confident of victory
4. Southern army led by General P.G.T. Beauregard
5. Northern army was led by McDowell and McClellan
6. Northern spectators came to watch
Results of the First Bull Run (4)
1. "Manassas Syndrome"
2. Foreshadowed difficulty of the war to come
3. Union forced on a humiliating defeat
4. Made the Union nervous to go on an offensive
Strengths of the North (3)
1. 2.5 times the South's population
2. 9 times the industrial capacity of the South
3. Commitment to market revolution
Strengths of the South (9)
1. Defensive war
2. United almost all white citizens
3. Guerilla opposition
5. Home-field advantage
6. Similar advantages to America in the Revolutionary War
7. Robert E. Lee
8. Slaves could man plantation while masters fought
9. Cotton production
Union weaknesses (2)
1. Untrained troops
2. Military's only experience was in small Indian wars