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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Stratified Squamous- the major function of this tissue type is protection, as it is found in areas that undergo wear and tear

Simple Squamous 40x- a single layer of flat cells. Found in alveoli of lungs, lines the inside of the heart and blood vessels.

Simple Cuboidal- found in organs that are specialized for secretion, such as salivary glands and thyroid follicles.

Simple Columnar- found in the inner lining of the intestine. Important in absorption and movement of mucus.

Pseudostratified Columnar- found in places such as the trachea and upper respiratory tract, where their cilia and mucous secretions help collect foreign materials.

Areolar Tissue- hold organs in place and attaches epithelial tissue to other underlying tissues. Located in the skin and around blood vessels, nerves, and organs of the body.

Reticular Tissue- the fibers form a soft skeleton (stroma) to support the lymphoid organs (red bone marrow, kidneys, and spleen).

Hyaline Cartilage- provides smooth surfaces, enable tissues to move/slide over each other easily. Found in joints, trachea, larynx, bronchi, nose, and the ends of the ribs.

Fibrocartilage- contains fibrous bundles of collagen, such as in the intervertebral disks of the spine.

Elastic Cartilage- flexible and able to withstand repeated bending. Found in the epiglottis and pinnae.

Adipose Tissue- loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body.

Bone- support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells, store minerals and also enable mobility as well as support for the body. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Bones come in a variety of shapes and sizes and have a complex internal and external structure.

Blood- carries oxygen from the lungs to the body, and bring carbon dioxide back to the lungs to be expelled. Erythrocyte- RBC. Leukocyte- WBC

Sickle Cell Anemia

Nervous tissue- allows us to experience stimuli and then make a response. The extensions, or appendages coming from the receiving end of the cell body are called dendrites. Dendrites have many different branches, like dozens of little fingers grasping for the incoming information. These can be very long, up to a meter in humans. On the transmitting side of the cell body, we find a long extension called the axon. Like the barrel of a gun, the axon fires the impulse to the next neuron.

Smooth Muscle (teased)

Skeletal (Striated) Muscle- moves the body. Skeletal muscle contractions pull on tendons, which are attached to bones. If contraction of the muscle causes the muscle to shorten, the bone and, thus, the body part will move.

Cardiac Muscle- Cardiac muscle consists of individual heart muscle cells (cardiomyocytes) connected by intercalated discs to work as a single functional organ or syncytium. ...Intercalated discs support synchronized contraction of cardiac tissue.