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25 Cards in this Set

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Diatonic
Literally "across the tones"; defines a scale of mixed half and whole steps (and an occasional step and a half)in which each individual tone plays a role
Tonic
1st degree
Supertonic
2nd degree
Mediant
3rd degree
Subdominant
4th degree
Dominant
5th degree
Submediant
6th degree
Leading tone
7th; Half-size below tonic
Subtonic
7th degree; whole step below tonic
Major scale
W - W - H - W - W - W - H
Tetrachord
Group of 4 pitches
Relative minor of major key
6th degree of major scale
Relative major of minor key
3rd degree of minor scale
Circle of Fifths
Parallel relationship
Major and minor scale that begin on the same tonic note
Tonality
Organized system of tones in which the tonic become central point to which the remaining tones are related.
Pentatonic scale
Five-tone scale
Nondiatonic scale
Does not observe the interval sequence of the diatonic or pentatonic scales
Chromatic scale
Ascends and descends in half-steps
Whole - tone scale
Six-tone scale made u entirely of whole steps between adjacent scale degrees
Blues scale
Chromatic variant of major scale with flat 3rd/7th
Non-essential scales
Thaats; seven-note scale of northern Indian music
Octatonic scale
Eight-note scale composed of alternating whole steps and half steps
Mode
Series of pictures within the octave that make up the basic material of a composition
Pitch inventory
Scale wise list of the tones used in a composition or section thereof