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26 Cards in this Set

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staff
five horizontal lines spaced equal distances apart.
Letter names
The various pitches are referred to by the first seven letters of the alphabet.
staff
five horizontal lines spaced equal distances apart.
Letter names
The various pitches are referred to by the first seven letters of the alphabet.
Clefs
A symbol placed at the beginning of a line of music that establishes the letter names of the lines and spaces of the staff
Treble Clef
An ornate letter G. The curved line terminates at the second line of the staff, thus designating the letter name of a note on that line as G
Bass Clef
Derived from the letter F. The dots are placed above and below the fourth line of the staff, designating that line as F.
Grand Staff
Together the treble and bass staves make up a grand staff.
Middle C
The point at which the two staves converge. The two C's are the same pitch: middle C.
Ledger Lines
Pitches that go beyond the limits of the staff are written by adding ledger lines.
C Clef
The C Clefs are a set of movable clefs that designate middle C. The crotch of the C clef is on C.
Accidentals
symbols that are placed to the left of the note heads to indicate the raising or lowering of a pitch.
Sharp
#, raises the pitch a half step
Flat
b, lowers the pitch a half step
Natural
cancels any previous sharp or flat and returns to the natural, or unaltered, pitch.
Double sharp
x, raises the pitch two half steps
Double Flat
bb, lowers the pitch two half steps
Intervals
the relationship between two tones
Enharmonic Equivalents
tones that have the same pitch but different letter names.
Meter
A regular, recurring pattern of strong and weak beats.
Meter Signature (Time Signature)
identifies the recurring pattern of durations at the beginning of a composition.
Simple Meter
Each beat is divided in two parts (simple division). The upper numbers in simple meter time signatures are usually 2, 3, or 4.
Compound Meter
each pulse is a dotted note, which is divided into groups of three parts (compound division). The most common compound meter signatures are 68, 98, and 128
Complex Meter
indicates the pulse cannot be divided into equal groups of 2 or 3. The upper numbers in complex meters are usually 5 or 7.
Syncopation
If a part of the measure that is usually unstressed is accented, the rhythm is considered to be syncopated.
Liber Usualis
The first great book of musical notation, spawned modern musical notation. Collected and transcribed by the Benedictine monks in the 16th century.