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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Max Planck
rejected belief that a heated body radiates in a steady stream , instead in irregular packets called quantas
Friedrich Nietzsche
glorified the irrational, said bourgeoisie society was incapable of real cultural creativity, Christianity had obliterated the human impulse for life
Henri Bergson
French philosopher, accepted rational, scientific thought as a practical instrument for providing useful knowledge but maintained that was incapable of arriving at truth or ultimate reality
Social Darwinism
an application of the theory of natural selection to social, political, and economic issues. follows the mantra of "the strong survive," including human issues. This theory was used to promote the idea that the white European race was superior to others, and therefore, destined to rule over them.
Emile Zola
French Naturalist writer who showed how alcoholism and different environments affected peoples lives
Leo Tolstoy
Russian writer who imposed a fatalistic view of history that proved irrelevant in the face of lifes enduring values of human love and trust
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Russia writer who emphasized that failure to incorporate spiritual belief would result in tyranny
Paul Cezanne
Post-Impressionist artist who sought to express the geometric structure of everything
Vincent Van Gogh
Art was a spiritual experience; interested in color and believed it could act as its own form of language
Pablo Picasso
Spanish artist who was instrumental in development of Cubism that used geometric designs as visual stimuli to re-create reality
Wassily Kandinsky
Russian artist, was one of founders of abstract painting, sought to avoid representation altogether, art should speak directly to soul
Edvard Grieg
Scandinavian composer, Norwegian nationalist which was reflected in his music, folk
Claude Debussy
Impressionist composer inspired by visual arts
Igor Stravinsky
chief exponent of musical privitism, wrote pieces based on Russian folklore, sought new understanding of irrational forces
Emmeline Pankhurst
founded the Women's Social and Political Union 1903, took radical approach to protesting like throwing eggs at officials, smashing windows
Russo-Japanese War
Rivalry for dominance in Korea and Manchuria, Russia didn't have a lot of support from it's people, loses, Japan annex's Korea
Sergei Witte
Minister of Finance, saw industrial growth as crucial to national strength, introduces programs to build railroads and increase steel/coal industry
Peter Stolypin
Tsar's chief advisor, dissolved village ownership of land and brought private ownership by enterprising peasants
Bloody Sunday (Revolution of 1905)
Workers went to to Winter Palace to present a petition of grievances to the tsar, soldiers fired into the crowd
Leopold II
King of Belgium, rushed into pursuit of empire in the Congo, first to really go into interior of Africa
Spheres of Influence
A country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority.
Triple Alliance
Military Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and later Italy
Reinsurance Treaty
Kinda renewal of The Three Emporer's League between Russia and Germany, and Austria, recreate tie in fear that France and Russia would ally
Entente Cordial
Between France and Britain, ended all outstanding colonial disputes, Britain got Suez Canal and France got Morocco
Triple Entente
France, Britain, and Russia ally; Russia was suspicious of the Germans and decided to sign agreement. Two major bloc- Triple Alliance and Triple Entente
Anti-Semitism and Zionism
Racism against the Jewish population, prominent in both Western and Eastern Europe; a movement for (originally) the re-establishment and (now) the development and protection of a Jewish nation in Palestine
Labour Party and Trade Unions
Trade Unions advocated more radical change of economic system, calling for "collective ownership and control over production, distribution, and exchange"; Fabian Socialists who wanted to capture the House of Commons and pass legislation that would benefit the working class, wanted evolution toward a socialist state by democratic means