Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Definition of anxiety


By who?

-ve emotional state 'nervousness and worry' and linked with activation/arousal of the body


weinbourg and gould 2011

Two types of anxiety?

Cognitive- negative expectations and cognitive concerns.




Somatic-physiological arousal.

What is the main theory behind anxiety? main distinction of theory?

Multi-dimensional anxiety theory (Martens et al 1990)


big distinction between cognitive and somatic anxiety.

three statements from martens et al (1990) multiD anxiety theory?

-ve linear rel between CA and performance


inverted U rel SA and performance




SA declines after beginning of performance, but




CA remains high if low confidence.

what are the two other anxiety theories?

inverted u hypothesis (Yerkes, 1908)


catastrophe theory (Hard, 1987)

? researched ? 3 factors that affect the change of anxiety?

Hanton et al 2004




Intensity- how strong are symptoms?


Frequency- time spent attending symptoms of SA/CA anxiety?


Direction- facilitating/debilitating effects?

How did Hanton et al (2004) measure the direction, frequency and intensity of CA + SA?

Competitive state anxiety inventory (CSAI-2)

What did Hanton et al 2004 find?

No significant change in anxiety in both terms of intensity and frequency



? needs to be known to create successful intervention?

cause of anxiety.

deinfition of stress?


? defined?

significant imbalance between demand and response capabilities, under circumstances in which if the demand isn't met= important consequences


McGrath et al (1970)

What type of process is stress?

transactional dependent on meaning of stimulus--> to perceiver.

What is the main model to do with stress?


? created it

transactional model of stress and coping


Lazarus, 1999

Explain the primary appraisal section of TMSC;

Primary appraisal- significance of the stressor


Relational meaning- personal significance of the event and the consequences related.

Explain the secondary appraisal section of the TMSC;

2ndry- evaluation of the controllability of the stressor presented.


Coping efforts- actual strategies used to mediate the primary and secondary appraisal.

Define coping


? defined it

the process of constantly changing an individuals own cognitive and behavioral efforts in order to manage internal and external demands.


Lazarus + Folkman, 1984

list categories of coping;

problem focused coping = alter manage the problem that is causing the stress




Emotion-focused coping = regulating emotional response to problem that causes stress.

Coping mechanisms of stress;

thought control


task focus


self talk


social suport

who conducted study on undergrads looking at stressors, coping + coping effectiveness?

Nicholls 2007

three things nicholls et al 2007 were observing?

stressors


coping


coping effectiveness

Stressors, coping and coping strategies were being observed as a function of ? 3 things;

gender


type of sport


skill level

What two main things did nicholls et al 2007 find?

team players reported a larger number of stressors- due to them playing in a team environment


National/international athletes reported a greater use of visualization and blocking strategies to cope with stress compared to lesser skilled athletes.