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32 Cards in this Set

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Why does Creon decide that Eteocles must be honored and Polynices will be in public shame?

Creon thinks Polynices was a traitor and that he must have the harshest punishment of the time- lie unburied on the battlefield for animals to eat

Why does Antigone have a secret meeting with Ismene?

Antigone wants to bury Polynices in defiance of creons edict

Why does Ismene refuse to help?

She fears the death penalty

What does Creon do to Ismene and Antigone after they where caught?

They be temporally imprisoned

How did Haemons interaction with his father turn out?

Harmon first came to pledge allegiance to his father although he was engaged to Antigone. When he tries to make Creon spare Antigone the discussion deteriorates and they insult each other. Haemon vows to never see Creon again

What does Creon decide to do with the sisters?

He decided to spare Ismene but bury Antigone alive in a cave

What does Tiresias warn Creon about?

He warns Creon that Polynices should be urgently buried because the gods are displeased, refusing to accept any sacrifices or prayers from Thebes. He thinks all of Greece will despise him and sacrificial offering of Thebes will not be accepted by the gods.

How does the Chorus now persuade Creon?

They tell him to take Tiresias advice; free Antigone, bury Polynices

Who does the Chorus deliver a choral ode to?

Dionysus; God of wine and theatre

How does Antigone and Haemon take their lives?

Antigone hanged herself and Haemon stabbing himself after finding Antigones body.

What does Eurydice do after she finds out her son is dead?

Kills herself

How does the Chorus close off by saying?

Although the gods punish the proud, punishment brings wisdom

How is Antigone different from Ismene?

Antigone is a rebel, Ismene submissive and obedient.


Give some of the good qualities of Antigone:

Noble


Wise


Kind hearted


Courageous

How is Antigone shown to be courageous and kind hearted?

She allies Creon to humiliate her in public and send her to the death chamber.

Why does Antigone think she will be rewarded by the gods?

She obeyed the gods and commuter acts of honor meaning she will be rewarded

What does Sophocles attempt to show of Antigone?

He shows how Antigones intelligence and wisdom may have led to her death, yet will reward her with a prosperous afterlife

How does Ismene show kind heartedness and sisterly love?

She begs to die with Antigone

What is Creons harmatia ?

Pride

Why is he the tragic hero of the play?

His fatal flaw of people stubborn which resulted in his loved ones deaths

How is Creon different from his wife Eurydice ?

He is ruthless and foolish



She is reasonable and kind hearted

How does Haemon show that his love for Anyigone is greater than his fear of his father?

He vows never to see his father again when he refuses to be reasonable for Antigones sake

Who is Tiresias?

Blind prophet



Despite being physically blind he can see the truth - unlike Creon who has eyesight but can't see the truth



Predicts prophesies



Wise, full of reason

What does the chorus consist of?

A group of elderly Theban elders

What is their sole purpose ?

To comment on the action of the play and add suspense and emotions



Connecting the story to myths


Why does the chorus take the side of Creon in Antigone?

They respect him and fear him

How does the chorus indirectly saves Creon?

When they pleaded that Ismene should not be sentenced with Antigone



When they advice him to take Tiresias advice

What dangers does Antigone expose?

Dangers of the absolute ruler or Tyrant in the person of Creon, a king who doesn't allow people to speak freely and give true opinions

How are Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripedes choruses different?

Aeschylus: chorus always continues or intensifies the moral nature of the play



Euripides: strays far from the main moral theme



Sophecles: in Antigone it lies somewhere in between, remains within general moral and the immediate scene but allows itself to e carried away from thee occasion or initial reason for speaking

What four main questions does Antigone deal with?

1. Whether Polynices ought to be given burial rights



2. Whether someone who buried him in defiance of state ought to be punished



3. Whether Creon is entitled to the throne



4. Whether Creons actions are just or thoughtless

What are the themes in Antigone and explain them

State Control


Right of an individual to reject societies infringement on her freedom to perform a personal obligation, obvious in Antigones refusal to let Creon dictate what she is allowed to do to with her family members .



Natural law and contemporary legal institutions


Which law is greater: God or mans?


Sophocles votes for gods


He does this to save Athens from moral destruction


He warns the people about hubris or arrogance because he believes this is their downfall

What are the themes in Antigone and explain them

State Control


Right of an individual to reject societies infringement on her freedom to perform a personal obligation, obvious in Antigones refusal to let Creon dictate what she is allowed to do to with her family members .



Natural law and contemporary legal institutions


Which law is greater: God or mans?


Sophocles votes for gods


He does this to save Athens from moral destruction


He warns the people about hubris or arrogance because he believes this is their downfall



Civil disobedience


The contrasting views of Creon and Antigone with regard to laws higher than those of state. Inform their different conclusions about civil disobedience.


Creon demands obedience to the law above all else


Antigone thinks state law is not absolute, that it can be broken in extreme cases like honoring the gods.



Citizenship


Creon defies this as utmost obedience to the state.


He thinks citizenship is based on loyalty, it is not absolute


Citizen by nature



Antigone allows room for individuality


Citizen by law



Fidelity


Antigones determination to bury Polynices arises from a desire to bring honor to her family


There are unwritten laws- divine law



Creon values family although rejects Antigone s actions. Creon demands his son to be an obedient citizen and son.



Creon: loyalty to the state control before family fealty and he sentences Antigone to death



Portrayal of the gods


Few references to gods. Hades often referred to : personification of death.



Lack of of mention portrays the tragic events the result of human error and not divine intervention



Love and family


Antigones love for family shoes when she buries her brother



Haemon kills himself after Antigone is dead because he loved her.



Eurydice kills herself after Haemons death.



Ismene loves her sister so much she will die with her