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41 Cards in this Set

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1)Place the following species or groups on the appropriate branch of the phylogenetic diagram below: (1) chimpanzees (2) bonobos (3) humans (4) gorillas (5) orangutans (6) gibbons (7) old world monkeys (8) new world monkeys (9) Prosimians. Where would you place the last common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans?
Draw the phylogenetic Diagram.
1)Place the following species or groups on the appropriate branch of the phylogenetic diagram below: (1) chimpanzees (2) bonobos (3) humans (4) gorillas (5) orangutans (6) gibbons (7) old world monkeys (8) new world monkeys (9) Prosimians. Where would you place the last common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans?
Draw the phylogenetic Diagram.
Make a table with the categories Prosimians, New World Monkeys, Old World Monkeys and Apes. What general features distinguish 2)the species in each category from those in other, closely related groups? What features generally distinguish primates from other animals?
Answer
3)What is the Jarman-Bell principle? How does it explain the evolution of grouping patterns in different species?
Answer
4) List two kinds of defense that plants employ against their predators?
Answer
5) In evolutionary terms, what are the primary costs and benefits of group living for primates?
Answer
1)Place the following species or groups on the appropriate branch of the phylogenetic diagram below: (1) chimpanzees (2) bonobos (3) humans (4) gorillas (5) orangutans (6) gibbons (7) old world monkeys (8) new world monkeys (9) Prosimians. Where would you place the last common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans?
Draw the phylogenetic Diagram.
Make a table with the categories Prosimians, New World Monkeys, Old World Monkeys and Apes. What general features distinguish 2)the species in each category from those in other, closely related groups? What features generally distinguish primates from other animals?
Answer
3)What is the Jarman-Bell principle? How does it explain the evolution of grouping patterns in different species?
Answer
4) List two kinds of defense that plants employ against their predators?
Answer
5) In evolutionary terms, what are the primary costs and benefits of group living for primates?
Answer
6) What is Bateman's principle?
Answer:
7) What general factors predict whether sexual selection will be stronger in males or females?
Answer:
8) Why are females generally considered to be the "ecological sex" and males the "mate-getting sex"?
Answer:
9) How do scramble and contest competition differ? Give an example of each in the context of (1) mating competition and (2) feeding competition.
Answer:
10)
Answer
11) What features are associated with high levels of sperm competition in primates? What does the presence or absence of these features in humans suggest about the importance of sperm competition in human evolution?
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12) What is Hamilton's rule? What, specifically, does each term in the formula stand for?
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13) Why is group selection generally considered to be a weak force in primate evolution?
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14) What cognitive abilities must an animal have in order to engage in reciprocal altruism?
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15).How do ecological explanantions for the evolution of intelligence in primates differ from social explanations? What evidence can you give in support of or against each theory?
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16) What is "theory of mind?" What evidence suggest that cimpanzees share aspects of this ability?
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17) How do chimpanzees differ from bonobos in their behavior?
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18)What is hemoglobin? How is it related to Sickle Cell anemia? What is the genetic casuse of Sickle cell anemia? What is the evolutionary explanation for the existence of the sickle cell allele?
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19. Explain how natural selection produces biological differences between human populations. Give 3 specific examples. What is adult lactose tolerance? How is it distribulted geographically?
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20. What is a cline? How does the cline concept undermine traditional categories of race?
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21) Explain the geographic distribution of human skin color. Explain the theories for why dark or light skin color is adaptive in specific environ ments?
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TERMS
BALANCED POLYMORPHISM
ANSWER: BALANCED POLYMORPHISM
TERMS
PHYLOGENY:
ANSWER: PHYLOGENY
TERMS
STEPSIRHINE/HAPLORHINE
ANSWER:
STEPSIRHINE/HAPLORHINE
TERMS
PLATYRRHINI/CATARRHINI
ANSWER
PLATYRRHINI/CATARRHINI
TERMS
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM
ANSWER
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM
TERMS
POLYANDRY
POLYGYNY
MONOGAMY
ANSWER
POLYANDRY
POLYGYNY
MONOGAMY
TERMS
DENTAL FORMULA
ANSWER
DENTAL FORMULA
TERMS
DOMINANCE HIERARCHY
ANSWER
DOMINANCE HIERARCHY
TERMS
DISPERSAL
PHILOPATRY
ANSWER
DISPERSAL
PHILOPATRY
TERMS
SCRAMBLE COMPETITION
ANSWER
SCRAMBLE COMPETITION
TERMS
CONTEST COMPETITION
ANSWER
CONTEST COMPETITION
TERMS
INTERSEXUAL SELECTION
INTRASEXUAL SELECTION
ANSWER
INTERSEXUAL SELECTION
INTRASEXUAL SELECTION
TERMS
ALTRUISM
COOPERATION
SPITE
ANSWERS
ALTRUISM
COOPERATION
SPITE
TERMS
KIN SELECTION
RECIPROCAL ALTRUISM
COEFFICIENT OF RELATEDNESS
ANSWERS
KIN SELECTION
RECIPROCAL ALTRUISM
COEFFICIENT OF RELATEDNESS