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20 Cards in this Set

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Animatism
A belief that the world is animated by impersonal supernatural powers.
Animism
A belief in spirit beings thought to animate nature.
Anthropomorphism
The ascription of human attributes to nonhuman beings.
Construal
In the second stage of trance, the process by which the brain tries to "make sense" of entoptic images.
Contagious magic
Magic based on the principle that things once in contact can influence one another after separation.
Divination
A magical procedure for determining the cause of a particular event, such as illness, or foretelling the future.
Imitative magic
Magic based on the principle that like produces like. Sometimes called sympathetic magic.
Incorporation
In rites of passage, reincorporation of the individual into society in his or her new status.
Pantheon
The several gods and goddesses of a people.
Polytheism
Belief in several gods and/or goddesses (as contrasted with monotheism—belief in one god or goddess).
Priest or Priestess
A full-time religious specialist.
Religion
Organized beliefs in the supernatural that rationalize rituals aimed at interpreting and controlling aspects of the universe otherwise beyond human control.
Revitalization movements
Social movements, often of a religious nature, with the purpose of totally reforming a society.
Rites of intensification
Religious rituals enacted during a group's real or potential crisis.
Rites of passage
Rituals, often religious in nature, marking important stages in the lives of individuals, such as birth, marriage, and death.
Separation
In rites of passage, the ritual removal of the individual from society.
Shaman
A part-time religious specialist whose special power to contact and manipulate supernatural beings and forces in an altered state of consciousness comes to him or her through some personal experience.
Transition
In rites of passage, isolation of the individual following separation and prior to incorporation into society.
Witchcraft
An explanation of events based on the belief that certain individuals possess an innate psychic power capable of causing harm, including sickness and death.
Worldviews
The conceptions, explicit and implicit, an individual or society has of the limits and workings of its world.