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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

kinship

A network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obligations

Descent group

Any kin-group whose members share a direct line of descent form a real(historical) or fictional common ancestor

Unilineal Descent

Descent traced exclusively through either the male or the female line of ancestry to establish group membership

Matrilineal Descent

Descent traced exclusively through the female line of ancestry to establish group membership

Patrilineal

Descent traced exclusively through the male line of ancestry to establish group membership

Lineage

A unilineal kin-group descended from a common ancestor or founder who lived four to six generations ago and in which relationships among members can be exactly stated in genealogical terms

Clan

An extended unilineal kin-group, often consisting of several lineages, whose members claim common descent from a remote ancestor, usually legendary or mythological

Fission

The splitting of a descent group into two or more new descent groups

Totemism

The belief that people are related to particular animals, plants, or natural objects by virtue of descent from common ancestral spirits

Kindred

An individual's close blood relatives on the maternal and paternal sides of his or her family