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78 Cards in this Set

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A group of animals that result from breeding and selection and thathave distinguishable characterists.
Breeds
What has developed to provide increased production (meat, milk, eggs and/or wool) in a given environment?
Breeds
______ are developed from a recessive color gene in Black Angus Cattle
Red Angus
What 3 major colors do Shorthorns possess due to genetic co-dominance?
red, white and roan
Continental European Cattle Breeds:
Chianina, Charolais, Gelbvieh, Limousin, Maine Anjou, Simmental, Texas Longhorn
British Cattle Breeds:
Angus, Hereford, Polled Hereford, Red Angus, Shorthorn
Black, naturally polled, moderate size
Excellenct marbling, maternal breed
Angus(Scotland)
Black faced, sire breed, old breed, grows very fast, muscular carcassess, slick legs, no wool cap
Suffolk (England)
Bos Indicus, noted for heat tolerance, disease and insect resistance and crossing ability
Brahman (India)
Charolais, Limousin, Maine Anjou, Rambouillet
France Breeds
Breed of cattle of Swiss origin:
Simmental
Bos Indicus:
Brahman, Brangus, Simbrah, Santa Gertrudis, Beefmaster
Swine sire breeds:
Duroc, Hampshire, Spotted Swine, Pietrain, Berkshire
Swine maternal breeds:
Chester White, Landrace, Yorkshire
Prolific swine breed from Denmark, long drooping ears and extra vertebra, maternal breed
Landrace
Reddish brown with drooping ears, excellenct growth rate and feed efficiency, average carcass merit, sire breed, United States
Duroc (United States)
Swine breeds with erect ears:
Yorkshire, Hampshire, Berkshire, Pietrain
White-faced sheep breed, able to breed out of season, meat breed
Dorset (England)
Brownish black head and legs, wool cap, sire breed in commercial production
Hampshire sheep (England)
Finewool sheep breeds:
Merino, Rambouillet
Sire vs. Maternal sheep breeds:
Sire= black faced, lean muscle, later maturity
Dam(Maternal)= prolificacy, white faced
Cattle breed that has the highest percent butter fat, heat and humidity resistance:
Jersey (Isle of Jersey)
Cattle breed that is the most dominant breed of dairy cattle, unparalleled milk production
Holstein (Netherlands)
Mohair
Angora Goat
Goat bred of Swiss origin:
Saanen
Goat breed that is a fast growing, meat-type goat, white body, and brown head:
South African Boer Goat
Of the dairy goats, which breed has the highest milk production?
Saanen (Switzerland)
Light Breed, Working cow horse
American Quater Horse (United States)
Light Breed, the eye is encircled by white; the skin is mottled irregularly with black and white, particularly around muzzle; hooves are narrowly striped vertically in black and white; Spanish horses that came in through Mexico
Appaloosa
Draft Horse breed noted for their nervous nature and feathering on their lower legs
Clydesdale (Scotland)
Draft Horse Breeds:
Belgian, Clydesdale, Percheron
Poultry that are no longer capable of natural reproduction and experience structural problems
Broad Breasted White Turkey
Most prolific egg laying breed
Leghorn
Poultry breeds noted for broiler production:
White Plymouth Rock, White Cornish
A hand is equivalent to
4 inches
Warm Blood Horse Breeds:
Trakehner and Hanoverian
Dark oval-shaped areas on the insides of the hocks and just above the knees; like a horse's fingerprint
Chestnuts
Horse with black points and a shade of red body::
Bay
Golden body, flaxen mane and tail
Palamino
A progressive color; meaning the horse gets more white hairs interspersed in the coat as he ages until he appears almost white
Graying
Network of darker areas imposed over lighter areas and can be present on any horse color
Dappling
Facial markings:
star, snip, blaze, strip, bald face, interrupted strip
White from the coronet to the knee
Stocking
Where are the withers located:
at the bottom of the mane where it ends on the horses shoulder
Proportionality of the horse; shoulder, barrel, and hip area should be of equal proportion
balance
Muscling is best evaluated where?
in the chest, forearm, shoulder, loin, hip, stifle, and inner and outer gaskins
Temperament, Soundness, Conformation, Level of Training, Breed, Age, Sex, Pedigree, Quality, Size
Value Determining Characteristics
Two beat diagonal gait:
Trot
A three beat gait
Canter
Horses have a full mouth at
5 years of age
When do mares breed:
The spring, when the days grow longer
Gestation length of a mare is
11 months; 336 days
Horses exercised heavily need what:
more energy in their diets
The soft, fleshy part at the back of the horse's hoof that aids in blood circulation
frog
Roof of mouth, bars, tongue, lower jaw, poll
Pressure points when using a bit
Nose, corners, curb groove
pressure points that respond to a bridle
Curb bit
works off of indirect pressure
Snaffle bit
direct pressure; when a horses head and neck are horizontal, a pull on the reins puts pressure on the corners of his mouth.
identify parts of the western saddle
horn, seat, cantle, stirrup
Intensive management systems of sheep and goat production
Farm Flock and Feedlot
Predominant southwestern range ewe
Rambouillet
Leading state for U.S. mohair
Texas
Leading lamb feeding state
Colorado
Leading Dairy goat state
California
Breeding season for sheep
fall
Estrous cycle of the ewe
17days
Sheep and goats have a full mouth at
4 years of age
Why is drenching important?
it removes internal parasites
methods of predator control
GDL:
Great Pyrenees
Donkeys
Llamas
Shearing of wool from the reproductive area and mammary system of ewes prior to parturition
Crutching
Viral; can be transmitted to humans
sore mouth
overshot jaw
parrot mouth
undershot jaw
monkey mouth
Skeletal correctness, frame, capacity, body composition, head, neck and shoulders, fleece
Breeding sheep selection
A good measure of the lamb's own growth genetics as well as the dam's milking ability
weaning weight
FEPD
Flock Expected Progeny Differences
Natural waviness of wool fiber
crimp
Grease recovered from wool
Lanolin