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34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Who thought there was an earth-entered universe?

Claudious Ptolemy

Who thought there was a sun-centered universe

Nicolaus Copernicus

Who was responsible for three laws of planetary motion?

Johannas Kepler

Who is associated with the idea of gravity?

Sir Isaac Newton

A symmetrically shaped oval

ellipse

Name means the "wanderers"

planets

Distance between the earth and the sun

astronomical unit

The force of attraction that exists between any two objects

gravity

The two points inside an ellipse

foci

The phase of the moon displaying the most light

full moon

The tide that occurs when the moon is in line with the earth and sun

spring tide

The ___________is made up of the sun and all the heavenly bodies that orbit it

solar system

__________ and Mercury are the only planets with no moons.

Venus

The earth completes one _____________in 24 hours

rotation

The amount of time it takes for a comet to complete its orbit is called a (n) _____________.

period

A ___________________is 365 1/4 days

solar year

A ___________is an steroid-size chunks of rock, dust, and ice that develops a huge, bright "tail" as it approaches the sun.

comet

The __________________is a band of comet-like objects located beyond the orbit of Neptune.

Kuiper belt

List the order of the planets in order from the sun.


  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars
  5. Jupiter
  6. Saturn
  7. Uranus
  8. Neptune
  9. (Pluto)

know the difference between a


Stalactites, stalagmites, flow stone, cave pearls, draperies

andromeda

Centaurus (The bull)

Dravo

Cygnus

Cassiopeia

Will need to know


Sepal


petal


stamen


pistil


ovule

Ability to regenerate lost body parts

crustacean

two distinct body regions

spider

three pairs of jointed legs

insect

strong pinchers

crustacean

eight legs

spider

one or more pairs of wings

insect

Write a good paragraph about the process of photosynthesis, including three important facts. You may tell about the things that are necessary for photosynthesis to occur, the purpose of photosynthesis, and the products that result because of photosynthesis. use complete sentences.

The purpose of photosynthesis is to make food.


It is important because only green plants make food.


The necessary "ingredients" are light, water, and air.


Photosynthesis takes place in the leaves and it produces oxygen and glucose.

Explain the difference between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse.

A solar eclipse takes place when the MOON blocks the sun from our views. A lunar eclipse takes place when the moon passes directly BEHIND the earth: the earth briefly blocks sunlight from the moon, causing the moon causing the moon to appear darkened.