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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Inscriptions carved on a variety of surfaces such as on stone, metal, bone, wood, bark or papyrus are called:

epigraphic evidence

Name one of the two main tales about the origin of Rome:

Romulus and Remus

By ancient Rome we mean the period from circa 1000 BC to:

500 AD

Papyrology refers to the study of:


Numismatic refers to the study of:


Originally Rome was ruled by


The group of ruling class families of Ancient Rome were called


The first king of Rome was


The common citizens of Ancient Rome, those who did not belong to the ruling families were called the:


The main river that runs through the city of Rome is the:


__________ wrote a vast history of Rome from its foundations (Ab Urbe Condita)


___________ was the great state poet of the Augustan age. His most famous poem is the Aeneid, modeled on Greek Homeric epic poems like the Odyssey.


__________ was a great orator, lawyer and statesman. He published his speeches, treatises on government (De Re Publica)


The ___________ built Rome’s first walls


In Roman mythology __________ was the king of gods and ruler of the skies. His Greek name was Zeus.


_________ was the god of war


___________ was the goddess of love and beauty


According to legend, Aeneas was the sole survivor of __________


Influenced by Rome’s image of power, Napoleon crowned himself as ___________ in 1804


Et Pluribus Unum means ________________

One out of many

The three branches of government in ancient Rome were:

- Juridictial

- Legislative

- Executive

Two __________ were elected every year by the upper class. (They were the leaders of Rome)


The Roman government was a ________________ (what kind of government was it?)

Representative democracy

What type of democracy was Rome?

A representative democracy

The __________ was a group of about 300 male

citizens who owned land.


Unwanted children, in Ancient Rome, could be exposed. A practiced which meant that these children were _________________

Abandoned / left to die

The nobles (nobiles) in Roman society were the mixture of old patrician families and wealthy:

Farmers / fancilies

The core component of Roman society was the:


The ‘master of the household’ was called the:


The important thing about being a Roman Citizen was that each man had the right to ________ (suffragium


The two Roman officials who collected taxes and carry on a census were called _________


The Plebeians who owned a horse and could afford equipment were called the ___________


The legislative branch consisted in the combination of the assemblies and the __________


The first laws that were written down were called

Twelve tables

Who could be a juror in ancient Rome?

Citizens, aristocrats, landowners etc. (Men only)

He was born to an aristocratic family and by caesarian section. When a young man he was captured by pirates and held for ransom. When older he returned to area and killed the pirates. He was: _______________ (Dictator)

Julius Caesar

In a Roman legion there were _______ soldiers.


Explain: Civitas sine suffragio:

Citizen without the right to vote

The colonies enjoyed certain rights granted to them by Rome. These were called:

Civitates foederatae

The Romans developed a community status below the colony. These smaller localities were called:


The First Punic War was a conflict between Rome and _________


The first of the seven kings who ruled Rome in the regal period was _________


The Roman historian who wrote a history of Rome was ________


The Republic was founded following an atrocious act that spurred a coup d’état. This heinous act was:

Rape of Lucretia

The Struggle of Orders was a conflict between which two social groups within the early Republic:

Plebs and Patricians.

The Second Punic War was caused by Carthage’s incursion into:


The worst defeat that Rome had ever experienced took place at the battle of _________


Hannibal was finally defeated at the battle of:


An ancient source for the history of the Punic Wars was written by:


Who was Hamilcar Barca?

Hannibal's father (also the main leader from Carthage)

Works of modern scholarship about the past are called:

Secondary sources

Sources that are derived from the period under study are called:

Primary sources

After the Gracchi brothers, a new breed of antisenatorial politicians emerged. They used political skill to obtain power. They were called:


he ”best ones” who supported the Senate and traditional ways were called:


____________ was a new man from Arpinum in Italy, rose to prominence by virtue of spectacular military successes against Jugurtha.

Gaius Marius

A consul could only be elected for __________ (how long).

One year

Who established Rome’s first standing army?

Gaius Marius

The Social War was a conflict between Rome and:


In 133 BC ______________ was elected Tribune of the Plebs. As a tribune, he tried to bring in laws to distribute public land more fairly.

Tiberus Gracchus

Which war was the longest war in classical history?

The First Punic War

What did Hannibal wear in order to disguise himself?


What was the name of the new silver coin that was introduced under a time of crisis?


Mark Antony was married to Octavia but had an open affair with:


Octavian changed his name to:


The first emperor of Rome was:


Brutus joined the conspiracy against:


Brutus later on became one of the leaders of the _____________ (the group that conspired to murder a leader of Rome).


Hellenization: The process whereby features of _________ culture were adopted by another culture in a variety of spheres.


Oligarchy: Rule by __________


Pontifex Maximus:

Chief Priest (Augustus)

Explain Principate:

It was the new government

The term First Triumvirate is usually applied to the pact between:

Gaius Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great.