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72 Cards in this Set

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Inscriptions carved on a variety of surfaces such as on stone, metal, bone, wood, bark or papyrus are called:

epigraphic evidence

Name one of the two main tales about the origin of Rome:

Romulus and Remus

By ancient Rome we mean the period from circa 1000 BC to:

500 AD

Papyrology refers to the study of:

Papyrus

Numismatic refers to the study of:

Coins

Originally Rome was ruled by

Kings

The group of ruling class families of Ancient Rome were called

Patricians

The first king of Rome was

Romulus

The common citizens of Ancient Rome, those who did not belong to the ruling families were called the:

Plebs

The main river that runs through the city of Rome is the:

Tiber

__________ wrote a vast history of Rome from its foundations (Ab Urbe Condita)

Livy

___________ was the great state poet of the Augustan age. His most famous poem is the Aeneid, modeled on Greek Homeric epic poems like the Odyssey.

Virgil

__________ was a great orator, lawyer and statesman. He published his speeches, treatises on government (De Re Publica)

Cicero

The ___________ built Rome’s first walls

Etruscans

In Roman mythology __________ was the king of gods and ruler of the skies. His Greek name was Zeus.

Jupiter

_________ was the god of war

Mars

___________ was the goddess of love and beauty

Venus

According to legend, Aeneas was the sole survivor of __________

Troy

Influenced by Rome’s image of power, Napoleon crowned himself as ___________ in 1804

Emperor

Et Pluribus Unum means ________________

One out of many

The three branches of government in ancient Rome were:

- Juridictial


- Legislative


- Executive

Two __________ were elected every year by the upper class. (They were the leaders of Rome)

Consuls

The Roman government was a ________________ (what kind of government was it?)

Representative democracy

What type of democracy was Rome?

A representative democracy

The __________ was a group of about 300 male


citizens who owned land.

Senate

Unwanted children, in Ancient Rome, could be exposed. A practiced which meant that these children were _________________

Abandoned / left to die

The nobles (nobiles) in Roman society were the mixture of old patrician families and wealthy:

Farmers / fancilies

The core component of Roman society was the:

Family

The ‘master of the household’ was called the:

Paterfamilias

The important thing about being a Roman Citizen was that each man had the right to ________ (suffragium

Vote

The two Roman officials who collected taxes and carry on a census were called _________

Censors

The Plebeians who owned a horse and could afford equipment were called the ___________

Equites

The legislative branch consisted in the combination of the assemblies and the __________

Senate

The first laws that were written down were called

Twelve tables

Who could be a juror in ancient Rome?

Citizens, aristocrats, landowners etc. (Men only)

He was born to an aristocratic family and by caesarian section. When a young man he was captured by pirates and held for ransom. When older he returned to area and killed the pirates. He was: _______________ (Dictator)

Julius Caesar

In a Roman legion there were _______ soldiers.

6000

Explain: Civitas sine suffragio:

Citizen without the right to vote

The colonies enjoyed certain rights granted to them by Rome. These were called:

Civitates foederatae

The Romans developed a community status below the colony. These smaller localities were called:

Municipium

The First Punic War was a conflict between Rome and _________

Carthage

The first of the seven kings who ruled Rome in the regal period was _________



Romulus

The Roman historian who wrote a history of Rome was ________

Livy

The Republic was founded following an atrocious act that spurred a coup d’état. This heinous act was:

Rape of Lucretia

The Struggle of Orders was a conflict between which two social groups within the early Republic:

Plebs and Patricians.

The Second Punic War was caused by Carthage’s incursion into:

Spain

The worst defeat that Rome had ever experienced took place at the battle of _________

Cannae

Hannibal was finally defeated at the battle of:

Zama

An ancient source for the history of the Punic Wars was written by:

Polybius

Who was Hamilcar Barca?

Hannibal's father (also the main leader from Carthage)

Works of modern scholarship about the past are called:

Secondary sources

Sources that are derived from the period under study are called:

Primary sources

After the Gracchi brothers, a new breed of antisenatorial politicians emerged. They used political skill to obtain power. They were called:

Populares

he ”best ones” who supported the Senate and traditional ways were called:

Optimates

____________ was a new man from Arpinum in Italy, rose to prominence by virtue of spectacular military successes against Jugurtha.

Gaius Marius

A consul could only be elected for __________ (how long).

One year

Who established Rome’s first standing army?

Gaius Marius

The Social War was a conflict between Rome and:

Allies

In 133 BC ______________ was elected Tribune of the Plebs. As a tribune, he tried to bring in laws to distribute public land more fairly.

Tiberus Gracchus

Which war was the longest war in classical history?

The First Punic War

What did Hannibal wear in order to disguise himself?

Wigs

What was the name of the new silver coin that was introduced under a time of crisis?

Denarius

Mark Antony was married to Octavia but had an open affair with:

Cleopatra

Octavian changed his name to:

Augustus

The first emperor of Rome was:

Augustus

Brutus joined the conspiracy against:

Superbus

Brutus later on became one of the leaders of the _____________ (the group that conspired to murder a leader of Rome).

Triumvirate

Hellenization: The process whereby features of _________ culture were adopted by another culture in a variety of spheres.

Greek

Oligarchy: Rule by __________

Carthage

Pontifex Maximus:

Chief Priest (Augustus)

Explain Principate:

It was the new government

The term First Triumvirate is usually applied to the pact between:

Gaius Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great.