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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Golden age of Greece
Time when Greece was rich and the 'economy' did extremely well and most people lived in peace. 30 yrs
Historian in Ancient Greece. Wrote 'History of the Peloponnesian War'. Wrote it because:
- Thought it would be one of the greatest wars and wanted to show what happened so that people would be able to learn from it.
Early Alexander Conquor. Center of trade.
Fortified hilltop fortress with temple to a god or gods. eg Parthanon in Athens
Noble; Higher status in socity
King Darius III
King of Persia. Fought Alexander in the Battle of Granicus, the Battle of Issus, and the Battle of Gaugamela, all of which Alexander won. Darius was a coward. Ran away from the battles.
Delian League
Formed by Athens. Greek city-states joined up and worked togeather to protect each other from attack. Sparta did not join. Everything was kept in Delphi.
Acropolis in Athens. Temple for Athena
Battle of Granicus
Darius III w/ persians and Alexander the Great
Outflank and Spear
Alexander Won
First Asia Battle
Alexander the Great's mother. Close to Alexander. Gave him good education by having Aristotle be his tutor and engouraged him to be like Greeks and to be a hero.
Heinrich Schliemann
Archiliogist who was said to have discovered Troy.
Greek Philosopher. Tutor of Alexander the Great. Taught him every subject
2nd Persian War Major Battles
Battle of Thermopylae - 300 spartans Held off persians for the greeks in the...
Battle of Salamis - Athenians defeated persian fleet in the Straight of Salamis.
Fortune Tellers. Often told in riddles
Created 2nd Code of law after Draco.
- Less Harsh
- Citizens could bring other citizens to court
- Made Council of 400 (Elders)
- Made assembly for landowning citizens
Another name for City State
Includes Acropolis, Agora, Main city, viliges, farms
Poet in Ancient Greece. Wrote the Illiad and the Oddsey. We don't know anything about him, wheather he was one person or if he even existed!
Meeting Place for the city. Trade, Debate etc.
Battle of Issus
Darius III w/ Persians and Alex the Great
Outflank, Spear
Big Upset; showed how amazing Alexander was
Spartan: Came up with idea for Totalatarian State (Military State)
Pelomonnesian War
Athens Got too powerfull, Sparta faught
Phillip II
King of Macedonia. Alexander the Great's Father. Created great army for Alexander.
Battle of Guagamela
Darius III w/ persians and Alex the Great
Outflanx, Phalanx and Spear
Alexander Won
Defeat of Persian empire Darius was Killed. Alexander was outnumbered 5:1
People who lived in Persia. Darius III was the king until Alexander the great took over. Even after the conquest, he engouraged Persian behavior. Persians started the idea that royalty wear purple etc.
Hellenic Culture
Greek Culture
Rights of a citizen of Athens
- Could perticipate in the assembly
- Could own land
- Have heirs
- Own Slaves
Tactic used by Alexander the great which was a rectangle of men with spears and shields sticking out from all sides. It was like a wall and Alexander's Army would slice through the opposing army
Alexander the Great
Great conquror. King of Macedonia after Phillip II. Couqured most of modern-day Middle East and more. Conqured more land then anyone had before.
A mix of Persian and Greek. Started by Alexander the Great so his land would be more unified.
Govt of Sparta
Dual Monarchy - Very little power
Council of 28 Elders - Advise Kings
Assembly of Citizens - To Approve govt. decisions
Ephors - Direct daily affairs
Created the first code of law for Athens:
- Very Harsh
- Could get the death penalty for little things
- All equal
- applied to all classes
- Written Down
- Before, no one knew what the laws were
What did Athenian Slaves do?
Were not expected to get anything but a simple education. Slave work could be light domestic work to heavy work in mines.
1st Persian Wars - Major Batle
Greeks Against Persians. Greeks trying to free Ionians.
Battle of Marathon. Persians were leaving and in water when Greeks attacked and caught Persians by suprise.
Spartan Social Classes
Helots - Slaves
Perioeci - Traders, Merchants, Foreigners. Placed above Helots
Spartiate - Full citizens. could vote, serve in Army. Above Perioeci and Helots
General of Athens and Elected to rule Athens for 30 Yrs: Loved Athens. Thought it was the best because:
- Govt/Democracy
- Military
- Culture & Arts
- Friendlier
- Trade
Govt. of Athens
Athenian Assembly - All citizens took place in it. Was the lawmaking body.

Council of 400 - Aristocracies(Wealthy Nobles)
Being banned from Athens for 10 yrs with 6,000 votes. Introduced by Cleisthenes.
person who has ultimate control over a community
Requirements to become a Citizen of Athens
- Male only
- Parents had to be Athenian
- Had to get a good education (from 5-16 or 18) of Grammer, Music, and the Art of Public Speaking
- Had to spend 2 years training for army
- 2 years in gymnasim
Rights of a Citizen of Sparta
Could vote, were allowed full political rights and was required to serve in the army.
Who were slaves of Athens
If citizenship was not given, then you became a slave.