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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


At, near, or relatively close to the body surface.

The skin is superficial to the underlying structures


Toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface

The bone of the thigh is deep to the surrounding skeletal muscles.


Toward the tail

The hips are caudal to the waist

The trunk is subdivided into three major regions established by the body wall:

* Thoracic

* Abdominal

* Pelvic

What are true body cavities?

True body cavities are closed, fluid-filled, and lined by a thin tissue layer called a serous membrane, or serosa.

What are the two major cavities in the trunk?

They are the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity.

What are the subdivisions for the thoracic cavity?

* Pleural Cavity

* Pericardial Cavity

What are the subdivisions for the abdominopelvic cavity?

* Peritoneal cavity

* Abdominal cavity

* Pelvic Cavity

What is the difference between the visceral pericardium and the parietal pericardium?

The visceral percardium lines the heart.

The parietal pericardium lines the visceral pericardium

What lies between the visceral and parietal pericardium?

The pericardial cavity

What is the difference between the Mediastinum and the pericardial cavity?

The mediastinum consists of a mass of connective tissue that surrounds, stabilizes, and supports the esophagus, trachea, and the thymus, as well as the major blood vessels that originate or end at the heart.

The mediastinum contains the pericardial cavity.

What viscera is inside the pleural cavities?

The lungs

What is pleura?

The serous membrane lining a pleural cavity.

The visceral pleura covers the outer surfaces of a lung.

The parietal pleura covers the mediastinal surface and the inner body lining.

What separates the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity?

A flat muscular sheet separates these cavities.

What is potential space?

In anatomy, potential space refers to a space or cavity that can exist because two adjacent features which are not tightly adjoined, but does not appear during normal functioning.

Where is the peritoneal cavity located?

The abdominopelvic cavity contains the peritoneal cavity.

What is peritoneum?

The peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity.

What is the peritoneal cavity?

The peritoneal cavity is a potential space between the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum, the two membranes that separate the organs in the abdominal wall.

Lympathic System contains what organs?

* Spleen

* Thymus

* Lympathic vessels

* Lymph nodes

* Tonsils

Integumentary System contains what organs?

* Skin

* Hair

* Sweat glands

* Nails

What are the functions of the integumentary system?

* Protects against environmental hazards

* Helps regulate body temperature

* Provides sensory information

What are the four basic tissue types?

* Epithelium

* Connective Tissue

* Muscle

* Nerve

What are the 11 systems?