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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Summarizes the fundamental prizes of American self- government

The Preamble

League of Friendship

Articles of Confederation

Articles Weakness

No executive


Bankers, Merchants, Manufacturers, and others in the upper class. They needed uniform laws, stable currency sound credit and affordable debt credit. Envisioned more than national trade- international trade

On May 25th, things were voted on:

The discussions and voters eould be kept secret until until the conclusion of the meeting. George Washington was unanimously elected president of the convention

John Locke's Second Treaty of Government had 3 concepts:

1. Social Contract

2. Limited Government

3. Concept of the Governed

Founders goal was simple:

Create a government that was strong enough to prevent anarchy, but not too strong to orevent tyranny

Great diversity of opinion, agreement that the government should be a


Big States Plan

Virginia Plan

•Two Houses, Representation in both based on population

Small States Plan

New Jersey Plan

•Legislature would consist of one house with each state having one vote each

The greatest issue confronting the convention was the issue of



The proportional distribution of the seats in a legislative body

The great compromise

Bicameral Legislature

House of Representatives

•Representation based on population

•Members elected by voters

•Serve 2 year terms


•Representation would be by states (equal 2)

•Members would be selected by state legislatures

•Served 6 year terms

Southern states wanted them to count fully in the calculus of representation

Northern states didn't want slaves to count, but did want them taxed as property

3/5's Compromise

Explanded the political power of slaveholders

Impact on elections through the Electoral College

Nine of fifteen presidents were slave owners

Institutionalized slavery in America

Fear of



Division of power between the national government and the state governments

Separation of Powers

The power to make, administer, and judge the laws- was split into 3 branches


6 year terms; 1/3 up for reelection every 2 years

•senate was a conservative break on the house

Checks and Balances

Each branch has power over another, allows each branch to intrude into spheres of the other

Checks and Balances was used to prevent

Concentration of Power

Undemocratic Features

•Didnt gaurentee the right to vote

•Denial of equal treatment by their governkent

•Denial of political participantion to some

Supporters of the Constitution


Opposed ratification of thr constitution



Article 7

Judicial Branch

Marbury vs. Madison 1803

Reconstruction Ammendemens

13, 14, and 15