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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
colony
group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land p.70
turning point
moment in history that marks a decisive change p. 70
circumnavigate
travel all the way around the Earth p.71
Columbian Exchange
the global exchange of goods and ideas resulting from the encounter between the peoples of the Eastern and Western hemispheres p.71
conquistador
name for the Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain p.74
pueblos
a town in the Spanish colonies; Anasazi village p. 74
presidio
fort where soldiers lived in the Spanish colonies p.77
mission
religious settlement run by Catholic priests and friars p. 78
peninsulare
person from Spain who held a position of power in a Spanish colony p. 78
creole
person born in Spain's American colonies to Spanish parents p.78
mestizo
in Spanish American colonies, person of mixed Spanish and Indian background p. 76
encomienda
land grant given by the Spanish government to Spanish settlers that included the right to demand labor or taxes from Native Americans p. 78
plantation
large estate farmed by many workers p. 80
northwest passage
a natural waterway through or around North America p. 81
Protestant Reformation
movement to reform the Catholic Church in the 1500's; led to the creation of many different Christian churches p. 83
coureur de bois
French colonist who lived in the woods as a fur trapper p.83
alliance
agreement between nations to aid and protect one another p.85
charter
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company. p.88
burgess
representative to the colonial Virginia government p.90
House of Burgesses
representative assembly in colonial Virginia p. 90
representative government
political system in which voters elect representative to make laws for them p. 90
Magna Carta
signed in 1215, a British document that contains two basic ideas: Monarchs themselves have to obey the laws, and citizens have basic rights p 90
Parliament
representative assembly in England p. 90
Pilgrims
in the 1600's English settlers who sought religious freedom in the Americas p. 93
established church
chosen religion of a state p.94
persecution
mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs p. 94
Mayflower Compact
a 1620 agreement for ruling the Plymouth Colony, signed by Pilgrims before they landed at Plymouth p. 95
precedent
an act or decision that sets the example for others to follow p. 96
Thanksgiving
day at the end of the harvest season set aside by the Pilgrims to give thanks to God p. 97