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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which two charges were brought against Socrates?
--corrupting the youth and
--neglecting the gods.
--also introducing new gods of his own
Why did Greek juries vote twice in a trial?
One for the conviction and the next time for the sentencing.
As san alternative penalty, Socrates chose a fine. What two other penalties could he have chosen?
prison and exile
Pick one your two answers on alternative penalties, and give Socrates reason for not chossing it.
He didn't want exile because of his principles. If he couldn't each to the Greeks where he was born, than he definialty didn't want to teach to strangers.
Why did the accusers show the scene from The Clouds in their prosecution?
The Cloud showed Socrates as arrogant and not trustworthy--not a great philospher. The prosecutors wanted to show him in an unfavorably light.
Why was there such a close vote for conviction, but an overwheming vote for death?
The first vote to convict Socrates was close. but socrates had a lot of enemies and itw aws because of Socrates attitude that the vote was overwhelming to sentence him to death. If he didnt' have such a bad attitude and did not talk about the leaders and their morals, he might have gotten a few more votes to live and not be sentenced to death.
How did he show in the trial that two or the four charges contradicted one another.
He showed that corrupting the youth by questioning them about their beliefs and neglecting the gods contradicted each other and were not crimes against the city-state.
Macedonia's conquest of Athens and the battle of Chaeronea
--Macedonians soundly defeated the Greeks
--Defeat ended Greek independence
--City-states retained self-government
--Macedonia won
Alexander the Great and the Invasion of Persia and
Granicus River
--He led 35,000 soldiers into Anatolia
--Forces met at Graniucs River
Alexander won; Darius III defeated
Alexander and Egypt
--332 BC
--Egyptians joined Alexander
--After Egypt, moved to Mesopotamia
Alexander and Mesopotamia
--Two armies met at Gaugamela near ancient Nineveh.
--Alexander launched a massive phalanx attack
Victory ended Persia power
Alexander and Babylon
Alexander occupied Babylon, Susa, and Persepolis.
Persepolis, the Persian capital, was burned down.
Power of Alexander...
Reigned unchallenged rule of Southwest Asia--Interested in expanding his empiore than in governing it.
Alexander pushed on to the Indus Valley.
Alexander in India
326 BC
Reached the Indus Valley
--Fought for 11 years
--Returned home
323 BC reached Babylon
Alexander's Legacy
--Wanted to organzie and unify his empire
--Wanted to construct new cities, roads, harbors and conquer Arabia
--A vibrant new culture emerged from the blend of Greek and Eastern customs