Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/9

Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

When did Alexander III begin to reign?

1881

Key feature of reign?

AUTOCRATIC and very REPRESSIVE

Why did Alexander resort to such repression?

Embittered by his father's assassination




influenced by anti-democratic views of Pobedonostev > slavophile




Believed that Russia's character could only be ruled by autocracy

What were his guiding principles?

1. AUTOCRACY




2. ORTHODOXY - church to dominate due to influence




3. NATIONALITY - language should dominate - russification

A's DP Aims:

Destroy political opposition




reverse some of his fathers reforms.

Main reactionary policies?

extension of the Okhrana . increase in exiles and executions




appointment of land captains




reduce voting rights




impose the Russian language onto people




Pogroms- planned attacks on the jews.

What were the effects of his repressive policies?

temporarily suppressed opposition




BUT




failed to tackle the cause of discontent - papering over the cracks.




Russification increased resentment.

Did Alexander encourage any progressive policies?

some limited social reforms and some economic development.




SOCIAL:


reduction of redemption payments


peasants land bank


factory acts: to reduce working hours




ECONOMIC:


industrial growth encouraged

What did they start working on in 1892?

Trans-Siberian Railway