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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Pollutant

A pollutant is a substance introduced into the environment that has undesired effects on the area surrounding

A pollutant is a substance introduced into the environment that has undesired effects on the area surrounding

Air Quality

Air Quality is the amount of air that is pollution-free, found by measuring a number of indicators of pollution

Air Quality is the amount of air that is pollution-free, found by measuring a number of indicators of pollution

Air Pollution

Air Pollution is the presence of a substance in the air which has harmful or poisonous effects

Air Pollution is the presence of a substance in the air which has harmful or poisonous effects

Volume

Volume is the measure of how much space something takes up

Volume is the measure of how much space something takes up

Mass

Mass is the amount of something that an object contains

Mass is the amount of something that an object contains

Balance

A Balance is a tool used for measuring Mass

A Balance is a tool used for measuring Mass

Matter

Matter is anything with Volume and Mass

Matter is anything with Volume and Mass

State

State is the form, type, or kind of something

State is the form, type, or kind of something

Macroscope

Macrocope is a word used to describe something visible to the naked eye

Macrocope is a word used to describe something visible to the naked eye

Solid



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						matter
that has a definite
shape and volume
and an organized
arrangement of
particles that
remain very close
together and
vibrate slowly

matterthat has a definiteshape and volumeand an organizedarrangement ofparticles thatremain very closetogether andvibrate slowly

Liquid



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						matter
that has a definite
volume but not
a definite shape.
A liquid takes
the shape of its
container. The
particles remain
close together and
slide past each
other in a
fluid motion

matterthat has a definitevolume but nota definite shape.A liquid takesthe shape of itscontainer. Theparticles remainclose together andslide past eachother in afluid motion

Gas



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						matter
that has no definite
shape or volume.
A gas takes the
shape and volume
of its container.
The particles are
far apart and

						move rapidly and
randomly

matterthat has no definiteshape or volume.A gas takes theshape and volumeof its container.The particles arefar apart and move rapidly andrandomly

Microscope



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						things you cannot
see with your
unaided eyes

things you cannotsee with yourunaided eyes

Atom



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the basic
building block of
matter

the basicbuilding block ofmatter

Element



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the
simplest type of
substance made up
of identical atoms

thesimplest type ofsubstance made upof identical atoms

Molecule



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						a
combination of two
or more atoms

acombination of twoor more atoms

Particle



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						atoms
and molecules
that make up
substances

atomsand moleculesthat make upsubstances

Thermal Energy



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the energy of
motion of the
particles of matter
in a substance

the energy ofmotion of theparticles of matterin a substance

Heat



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the transfer
of thermal energy
from a warmer
substance to a
cooler one

the transferof thermal energyfrom a warmersubstance to acooler one

Temperature



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						a measure of the
averge speed of the
particles of matter.
Temperature
changes as the
particles move
faster (warmer) or
slower (colder)

a measure of theaverge speed of theparticles of matter.Temperaturechanges as theparticles movefaster (warmer) orslower (colder)

Melting Point



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the temperature
at which a solid
changes to a liquid

the temperatureat which a solidchanges to a liquid

Boiling Point



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the temperature
at which a liquid
changes to a gas

the temperatureat which a liquidchanges to a gas

Evaporation



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						a
change from a
liquid to a gas at a
temperature that
is lower than the
boiling point

achange from aliquid to a gas at atemperature thatis lower than theboiling point

Condensation



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the process in
which a gas cools
to form a liquid

the process inwhich a gas coolsto form a liquid

Freezing



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the
process in which
a liquid cools to
form a solid

theprocess in whicha liquid cools toform a solid

Freezing Point



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the temperature
at which a liquid
turns into a solid

the temperatureat which a liquidturns into a solid

Sublimation



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						the process of a
substance changing
directly from a
solid to a gas

the process of asubstance changingdirectly from asolid to a gas

Plasma



	
		
		
	
	
		
			
				
					
						a state of
matter that forms
from gases at very
high temperatures

a state ofmatter that formsfrom gases at veryhigh temperatures