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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

historic preservation act of 1966

enabled the creation of national register of historic places

Which state has a statewide plan for smart growth?


Levels of planning

National, Multi-State, State, Regional, County, Urban, Suburban, Small Town

examples of multi-state planning

The Tennessee Valley Authority

Hoover Dam

multi-state commissions (Chesapeake Bay Commission)

mega regions

water wars

mega region

aka megalopolis.

characterized as a network of urban clusters and their surrounding areas, connected by the existing economic, social and infrastructure relationships.

The term was used by Patrick Geddes in his 1915 book Cities in Evolution, by Oswald Spengler in his 1918 book, The Decline of the West, and Lewis Mumford in his 1938 book, The Culture of Cities, which described it as the first stage in urban over-development and social decline.

water wars

Georgia, Florida, and Alabama are in litigation challenging various aspects of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ operation of its reservoirs

and compliance with environmental laws

New Regionalism

describes widely varying approaches to addressing major urban metropolitan problems including economic competitiveness, social equity, and sustainable land use and infrastructure development.

Although various activities are associated with the new regionalism, it is neither an organized political or advocacy movement. What most clearly distinguishes it are the scale and types of problems it addresses and how it differs from traditional regionalism.

corridor planning

most typically refers to roadways, but can also apply to waterways and greenways as well. Corridor planning can happen at the multi-national, multi-state, state, or local level.

corridor transportation planning

typically occurs at the regional level

allow the region's gov'ts and responsible agencies to coordinate in major transportation planning projects

National Corridor Planning and Development Program

grant program funded as part of MAP-21. provides funding for planning, project development, construction, and operation of projects in border regions near Mexico and Canada

Scenic corridor planning

Accomplished through the National Scenic Byways Program (1992), created to designate and fund enhancements of scenic highways across the US

In order to receive Scenic Byway Designation, the roadway must have archaeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational, and/or scenic qualities. As part of the designation process, a Corridor Management Plan must be prepared.


undeveloped natural land areas that have been set aside for the purposes of open space and recreation.

National Heritage Area

places where natural, cultural, and historic resources combine to form a cohesive, nationally important landscape

designed by Congress, found on the Nat'l Park Service website

tourism corridor planning

an effort to link social, cultural, and economic drivers between communities for the purposes of supporting tourism

Concentric zone theory

also known as the Burgess model or CCD model

one of the earliest theoretical models to explain urban social structures.

gave an explanation of distribution of social groups within urban areas

the concentric circles are based on the amount that people will pay for the land

Robert Park and E.W. Burgess

Sociologists who introduced the idea of the neighborhood in 1915

Army Corp of Engineers

one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management


Although generally associated with dams, canals and flood protection in the United States, the Corps is involved in a wide range of public works throughout the world. The Corps of Engineers provides outdoor recreation opportunities to the public, and provides 24% of U.S. hydropower capacity.

key considerations in waterfront planning

Clean Water Act requirements

Hazard considerations (floods)

Future land uses and development trends

Location of utilities

climate change

historic district

A geographically definable area, urban or rural, possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings, structures, or objects united by past events or aesthetically by plan or physical development. A district may also comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history

National Register of Historic Places

the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation.

requires that all states must have a State Historic Preservation Office.

National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA)

passed in 1966

established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it.

first historic district is located where?

Charleston, South Carolina

Indian Reorganization Act


sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives. These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act's privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets–mainly land–and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.

The act did not require tribes to adopt a constitution; however, when they chose to do so, the law mandated that their constitutions:

1. allow the tribal council to employ legal counsel;

2. prohibit the tribal council from engaging in any land transactions without majority approval of the tribe; and

3. authorize the tribal council to negotiate with the Federal, State, and local governments.

General Services Administration

an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1949 and is responsible for managing, acquiring, and disposing of federal property. The GSA supplies products and communications for U.S. government offices, provides transportation and office space to federal employees, and develops government-wide cost-minimizing policies, and other management tasks.

Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949

a United States federal law that established the General Services Administration (GSA) which is responsible for managing, acquiring, and disposing of federal property. The act also provides for various Federal Standards to be published by the GSA.

empowerment zone

a federally designated distressed area in need of sustainable community development. EZ is designed to afford communities real opportunities for growth and revitalization.