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23 Cards in this Set

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What is the source of energy that powers the world’s winds and tides?

the source of energy is gravity.

What causes the Coriolis effect?

the result of Earth's rotation on weather patterns and ocean currents

How does the Coriolis effect change the patterns of wind and water?

it makes storms swirl clockwise is the southern and counterclockwise in the northern

What is the difference between weather and climate?

the difference between them is the measure of time, the weather is the conditions of the atmosphere over a period of time. climate is how the atmospheres behavior over a long period of time.

What factor(s) change the density of water?

salinity and decreasing temperatures.

What do increases levels of GHG in the atmosphere result in?

carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and water vapor gases all help trap heat in earth's atmosphere that increase GHG

What is a sink for Carbon Dioxide?

ocean, plants, and soil

What is a sink for Methane?

soil

What is a source of water vapor?

can be produced from the evaporation or boiling of liquid water or sublimation of ice.

What is the luster of a mineral?

luster refers to how the light is reflected from the surface of a mineralmetallic and nonmetallic are two main types of luster

The ratio of a minerals mass to its volume is known as what?

density

What is the difference between a rock and a mineral?

a mineral is naturally occurring. a rock is one or more minerals.

What type of rocks are fossils generally found in?

sedimentary

What is the difference between convergent, divergent and transform tectonic plate boundaries?

convergent is coming together, divergent is separating, transform is when two plates slide past each other.

What direction do heated materials travel?

no particular direction

What is a hot spot? What do they form?

small area or region with a hot temperature in comparison to the surrounding. they form volcanic hot spots in an area in the mantle from which heat rising as a thermal plume from deep in the earth

What causes Earthquakes? Where are they most common?

a shift in the tectonic plates. most common around fault zones.

What is the difference between an epicenter and a focus?

an epicenter is directly above the focus on earth. the focus is where seismic waves originate below earth's surface.

What characteristic of lava determines the violence of the eruption?

the Viscosity.

What is the difference between lava and magma?

lava is what comes out the volcano. magma is what is still inside the volcano.

How do we determine the hardness of minerals?

measured by the resistance of a hard object

What two properties are unique to water in it’s natural state?

has a high specific heat capacity. has a strong surface tension.

How do jetties and breakwater systems change local currents?

they alter the effects of ocean waves, currents and sand movement.