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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Possible Contributions of Neural Circuits to depression:

Anterior cingulate gyrus (3)
Show decreased metabolism, have smaller volumes, and respond faster to sad words
Possible Contributions of Neural Circuits to depression:

Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (2)
Show increased activation by emotional Stroop, but reduced metabolism overall
Possible Contributions of Neural Circuits to depression:

Hippocampus
Depressed elderly adults shown reduced volume;
findings are mixed in younger adults, but more consistent in those with recurrent depression
Major Depressive Disorder is a mood disorder, but it involves ___________ __________.
Major Depressive Disorder is a mood disorder, but it involves cognitive dysfunction
Cognitive deficits in depression are _______ ________
depression than mania or schizophrenia.
Deficits are more severe during depression
than mania or schizophrenia
Cognitive deficits tend to be __________ ________ and
________ when the symptoms reverse (but can
persist in a sub-group of patients)
Deficits tend to be mood dependent and
reverse when the symptoms reverse (but can
persist in a sub-group of patients).
Hemispheric localization data re: depression is __________.
Hemispheric localization data is equivocal.
Which major part of the the brain is clearly implicated in the cognitive impairments in mood disorders?
Clear the frontal lobes are implicated.
Evidence for lack of effortful processing is
___________?
Evidence for lack of effortful processing
equivocal.
MDD prevalence in men vs women?
MDD is very prevalent, afflicts more women than men,
and can emerge at almost any age.