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5 Cards in this Set

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Arshile Gorky,


The Leaf of the Artichoke is an Owl,


1944




influenced by kadinsky, nearly entirely abstract. biomorphic shapes. title speaks to psychoanalytic idea that things can look like other things and take on hidden meaning, dream reality. paint drips are allowed to do what they will, the trace of the process is an important part of the picture.

Mark Rothko,


No 61 (Rust and Blue),


1953




-painted in many washes with hazy edges, rothko wanted his abstract work to mean something, have a subject. he felt that abstraction could make his ideas universal and timeless. the viewer is meant to feel like the monk in caspar david friedrich's painting, consumed by existential massiveness. he and newman were angsty af.

Newman,


Vir Heroicus Sublimis,


1950-51




red reflects back onto you if you stand at intended closeness, you're meant to be consumed by the painting. the lines/zips are not dividers, they're encounters, metaphysical events. seeing a painting is like meeting a person. there is no window, the painting asserts its intrinsic elements. Color without context, viewer encouraged to react to color instinctively. his titles hint at a meaning he wants you to discover. monumentality.

Jackson Pollock,


Number 1, 1950 (Lavender Mist),


1950




pollock's paintings were about process, there's a uniformity in that no color ever takes dominance. the detritus in the painting is evidence of a process, he painted in his studio and dirt got on the work, the painting is an event, an action. Pollock wanted to "make it" in opposition to Hart Benton who leaned more communist. Abstract expressionism really solidified new york's reputation, was a bit nihilistic. Pollock's paintings were a liberation from all morals and value.

De Kooning,


Woman I,


1950-52




he'd had traditional training in netherlands. compared to fertility goddess figure, a mixture of primitivism and pinup. balance of comedy and tragedy seen by artist. teeth-connected to vagina dentata, femme fatale. brushstrokes embody idea of action painting.