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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
Somatoform disorder having an imagined defect in appearance.
conversion disorder
Physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, but no organic pathology.
depersonalization disorder
Distortion in perception of reality.
Situation in which the individual loses a sense of the reality of the external world.
disease conviction
Core feature of hypochondriasis; people''s firm belief that they currently have a disease, based on the misinterpretation of their own symptoms and sensations.
dissociative amnesia
Dissociative disorder featuring the inability to recall personal information, usually of a stressful or traumatic nature.
dissociative disorder
Disorder in which individuals feel detached from themselves or their surroundings and reality, experience, and identity may disintegrate.
dissociative fugue
Dissociative disorder featuring sudden, unexpected travel away from home, along with an inability to recall the past, sometimes with assumption of a new identity.
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
Formerly known as multiple personality disorder; a disorder in which as many as 100 personalities or fragments of personalities coexist within one body and mind.
dissociative trance disorder (DTD)
Altered state of consciousness in which people firmly believe they are possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction.
factitious disorder
Nonexistent physical or psychological disorder deliberately faked for no apparent gain except possibly sympathy and attention.
generalized amnesia
Loss of memory of all personal information, including identity.
Somatoform disorder involving severe anxiety over belief in having a disease process without any evident physical cause.
la belle indifférence
Lack of distress shown by some individuals presenting conversion, somatization, or amnestic disorders.
localized or selective amnesia
Memory loss limited to specific times and events, particularly traumatic events.
Deliberate faking of a physical or psychological disorder motivated by gain.
pain disorder
Somatoform disorder featuring true pain but for which psychological factors play an important role in onset, severity, or maintenance.
primary gain
Freudian notion that anxiety reduction is the principal reinforcement obtained for the display of psychological symptoms.
Careful and systematic visualizing and reliving of traumatic life events to diminish their power and emotional effects as a means of treating dissociative identity disorder or posttraumatic stress disorder.
repressed memories
Concept involving recollections of traumatic events actively eliminated from memory. Controversy surrounds whether recall that seems to occur years later is real or accurate.
secondary gain
Additional reinforcers beyond primary gain that a person may obtain by the display of symptoms. These may include attention, sympathy, and avoidance of unwanted responsibilities.
somatization disorder
Somatoform disorder focusing on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause is evident.
somatoform disorders
Pathological concern of individuals with the appearance or functioning of their bodies, usually in the absence of any identifiable medical condition.