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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Antipsychotics (neuroleptics)
Meidcations that alleviate or diminish the intensity of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Brief episodes (lasting a month or less of otherwise uncomplicated delusional thinking
Candidate Genes
Genes that are of specific interest to researchers because they are thought to be involved in processes that are known to be aberrant in that disorder (e.g. serotonin transporter genes in depression, or dopamine receptor genes in schizophrenia)
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia in which the central feature is pronounce motor symptoms, of either an excited or a stuporous type, which sometimes make for difficulty in differentiating this condition from a psychotic mood disorder.
Cognitive Remediation
Training efforts designe to help patients improve their neurocognitive (e.g. memory, vigilance) skills. The hope is that this will also help improve patients' overall levels of functioning.
False beliefs about reality maintained in spite of evidence to the contrary.
Delusional Disorder
Nurturing, giving voice to, and sometimes taking action on beliefs that are considered completely false by others; formerly called paranoia.
Disorganized Schizophrenia
type of schizophrenia that usually begins at an ealier age and represents a more severe disintegration of the personality that in the other types of schizophrenia.
Disorganized Symptoms
Symptoms such as bizarre behavior or imcomprehensible speech.
Neurotransmitter from teh catecholamine family that is initially synthesized from tyrosine, an amino acide common in the diet. Dopamine is produced from l-dopa by the dopamine decarboxylase.
Discrete, measurable traits that are thought to be linked to specific genes that might be important in schizophrenia or other mental disorders.
Expressed Emotion (EE)
type of negative communication involving excessive criticism and emotional overinvolvement directed at a patient by family members.
An excitatory neurotransmitter that is widespread throughout the brain.
False perceptions such as things seen or heard that are not real or present.
Linkage Analysis
Genetic research strategy in which occurrence of a disorder in an extended family is compared with that of a genetic marker for a physcial characteristic or biological process that is known to be located on a particular chromosome.
Negative Symptoms
Symptoms that reflect an absence or deficit in normal functions (e.g. blunted affect, social withdrawal).
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia in which a person is increasingly suspicious, has severe difficulties in interpersonal relationships, and experiences absurd, illogical, and often changing delusions.
Positive Symptoms
Symptoms that are characterized by something being added to normal behavior or experience. Includes delusions, hallucinations, motor agitation, and marked emotional turmoil.
Considered to be an early (subclinical) state of schizophrenia, characterized by very low-level symptoms or behavioral idiosyncracies.
Sever impairment in the ability to tell what is real and what is not real.
Residual Schizophrenia
Diagnostic category used for people who have experienced a schizophrenic episode from which they have recovered enough to not show prominent symptoms but are still manifesting some mild signs of their past disorder.
Schizoaffective Disorder
Form of psychotic disorder in which the symptoms of schizophrenia co-occur with symptoms of a mood disorder.
Schizophreniform Disorder
Category of schizophrenic-like psychosis less than 6 months in duration.
Shared Psychotic Disorder (Folie a Deux)
Psychosis in which two or more people develop persistent, interlocking delusional ideas.
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia in which a person meets the usual criteria for being schizophrenic - including (in varying combinations) delusions, hallucinations, thorught disorder, and bizarre behavior - but does not clearly fit into one of the other types because of a mixed symptom picture.