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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acute PTSD
Posttraumatic stress disorder diagnosed 1 to 3 months following the traumatic event.
acute stress disorder
Diagnosis of PTSD immediately post-trauma.
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult.
animal phobia
Unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life.
Negative mood state with physical tension apprehension about the future.
autonomic restrictors
People with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) that show lower heart rate, blood pressure and respiration rate activity than do people with other anxiety disorders.
behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
Brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety.
blood injury injection phobia
Unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection. Victims experience fainting and a drop in blood pressure.
choking phobia
Fear and avoidance of swallowing pills, foods, and fluids, which may lead to significant weight loss. Also known as hypersensitive gag reflex or globus hystericus.
chronic PTSD
Posttraumatic stress disorder that endures longer than 3 months and is associated with greater avoidance and a higher likelihood of comorbidity with additional disorders.
delayed-onset PTSD
Posttraumatic stress disorder with onset more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Altering of perception that causes people to temporarily lose a sense of their own reality; most prevalent in people with the dissociative disorders. There is often a feeling of being outside observers of their own behavior.
Immediate reaction to present danger or life-threatening emergencies.
fight/flight system (FFS)
Immediate alarm and escape response resembling human panic.
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by continuous worry that is distressing , accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlessness.
illness phobia
Fear of the possibility of contracting a disease combined with irrational behaviors to avoid contracting it.
information transmission
Warnings about the feared object repeated so often that the person develops a phobia solely on the basis of hearing them.
interoceptive avoidance
Avoidance of situations or activities, such as exercise, that produce internal physical arousal similar to the beginnings of a panic attack.
locus cereleus
Area in the hindbrain that is part of a noradrenergic circuit. It is involved in emergency and alarm reactions.
monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
Medications that treat depression and severe social anxiety by blocking an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin.
natural environment phobia
Fear of heights, storms, and water.
Recurrent thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces.
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder involving unwanted,thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them.
Sudden, overwhelming fright or terror.
panic attack
Abrupt fear or discomfort accompanied by dizziness or heart palpitations.
panic control treatment (PCT)
Cognitive-behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared object or situation and modification of perceptions about them.
panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA)
Fear and avoidance of situations the person believes might induce a panic attack.
phobic avoidance
Extreme shunning of feared objects or situations displayed by people with phobias.
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helplessness- or fear-inducing threat. The victim reexperiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it, and develops a numbing of responsiveness.
separation anxiety disorder
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart.
situational phobia
Anxiety involving enclosed places (for example, claustrophobia) or public transportation (for example, fear of flying).
situationally bound, or cued, panic attack
Panic attack triggered by a specific object or situation (eg snake or crossing a bridge).
situationally predisposed panic attack
Circumstance that increases the likelihood a panic attack to occur.
social phobia
Fear and avoidance of social or performance situations.
specific phobia
Fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning.
unexpected, or uncued, panic attack
Panic attack occurs randomly, unexpected.