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36 Cards in this Set

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4 Criteria for determining a psychological disorder

1. Maladaptive-behavior that interferes with you daily life
2. Atypical-not typical behavior
3. Disturbing-creepy, uncommon
4. Irrational/Unjustifiable-fear, phobia

1. Maladaptive-behavior that interferes with you daily life


2. Atypical-not typical behavior


3. Disturbing-creepy, uncommon


4. Irrational/Unjustifiable-fear, phobia

System used by clinicians in diagnosing various psychological disorders

DSM

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

continuously tense, apprehensive, aroused.

Phobia

persistent, irrational fear of an object or situation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

characterized by repetitive, unwanted thoughts and actions

Panic Disorder

physiological response to stress in environment, feelings of dread

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

relive traumatic experiences-dreams, relive

Dissociative Amnesia

selective memory loss due to extreme stress, doesn't want to remember

Dissociative Fugue

person flees from home and identity, starts new life, unconscious, accompanied by amnesia

Dissociative Identity Disorder

multiple personality disorder, one or more alternating personalities

Major Depressive Disorder

common cold of disorders, clinical. No reason - 2 or more weeks of depressed moods- worthlessness, no interest or pleasure in things they like

Mania

happy all the time, bad decisions, highly optomistic

Bipolar Disorder

rapid mood changes, mania one minute, depressed the next

Paranoid Schizophrenic

most common, think people are after them, delusions, hallucinations

Disorganized Schizophrenic

disorganized speech or behavior or flat/inappropriate emotion

Catatonic Schizophrenic

immobility of the body, statue like state, negative about everything

Undifferentiated Schizophrenic

symptoms of other schizophrenic, not clear

Antisocial Personality Disorder

exhibits a lack of conscious

Histrionic Personality Disorder

person who has constant need for reassurance and attention and will act out

Narcissist Personality Disorder

person feels that they are better than everyone else

Borderline Personality Disorder

a person experiences unstable way of thinking and sense of identity

Paranoid Personality Disorder

someone believes without evidence that others are exploiting, harming, and deceiving them

Schizoid Personality Disorder

person shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flat affect. Don't like to be around other people, no relationships

Schizotypical Personality Disorder

odd, peculiar, eccentric behavior

Avoidant Personality Disorder

person views themselves as socially inept, personaly unappealing, and inferior to others

Dependent Personality Disorder

difficulty making everyday decisions without excess advice and reassurance from others

Insanity

the state of being seriously mentally ill; madness

Hallucinations

an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present

Delusions

an idiosyncratic belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being contradicted by what is generally accepted as reality or rational argument, typically a symptom of mental disorder

Affect

have an effect on; make a difference to; emotion

Neurosis

a relatively mild mental illness that is not caused by organic disease, involving symptoms of stress (depression, anxiety, obsessive behavior, hypochondria) but not a radical loss of touch with reality

Psychosis

a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality

Seasonal Affective Disorder

depression associated with late autumn and winter and thought to be caused by a lack of light

Conversion Disorder

causes patients to suffer from neurological symptoms, such as numbness, blindness, paralysis, or fits without a definable organic cause. It is thought that symptoms arise in response to stressful situations affecting a patient's mental health

Anorexia

an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat

Bulimia

an emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight, in which bouts of extreme overeating are followed by depression and self-induced vomiting, purging, or fasting