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38 Cards in this Set

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Four criteria used in determining a psychological disorder

Maladaptive


Disturbing


Atypical


Irrational/Unjustified

System used by clinicians in diagnosing various psychological disorders

Diagnostic Statistical Manual

Bulimia

an emotional disorder involving distortion of body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight, in which bouts of extreme overeating are followed by depression and self-induced vomiting, purging, or fasting.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

a person who is continually tense, apprehensive, and aroused

Phobia

persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object of situation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

unwanted repetitive thoughts and actions

Panic Disorder

a physiological response to things, frequent feelings of dread and as if you are going to die

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

trauma from a horrific experience. Anxiety, depression, flashbacks, nightmares, etc.

Dissociative Amnesia

forgetting a period of time because of stress



Dissociative Identity Disorder

Having two or more personalities that alternate at different times

Dissociative Fugue

a person fleas from their home and identity accompanied by amnesia

Major Depressive Disorder

having long periods of depressed mood, lack of pleasure in life for no apparent reason

Manic

extreme hyperactive wildly optimistic state

Bipolar

person alternates between depression symptoms and manic symptoms

Schizophrenia

being out of touch with reality, can be paired with hallucinations

Paranoid Schizophrenia

being constantly worried and out of touch with reality

Disorganized Schizophrenia

speech is disorganized, behavior is very flat. train of thought is all over the place, inappropriate behavior

Catatonic Schizophrenia

marked by immobility and extreme negativity. Can be very repetitive (Parrot like). Can be statue like, affects motor skills and thought processes.

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

Person shows schizophrenic symptoms but doesn't fit into a category

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Person lacks a conscience for wrong doing. May be aggressive, ruthless, or a con artist.



Histrionic Personality Disorder

Person has a constant need for praise/reassurance. Always tells about the great things they do. Melodramatic.

Narcissistic Personality

everything revolves around them. Believes they are better than they truly are.

Borderline Personality Disorder

person experiences an unstable way of thinking and unstable personality.

Paranoid Personality Disorder

not chemical. person suspects others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving them.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

person shows emotional coldness, detachment of flat affect. (don't want relationships)

Schizotypical Personality Disorder

person appears odd/eccentric marked by behavior/appearance. (wants relationships but are odd)

Avoidant Personality Disorder

person who views themselves as unappealing, inferior to others, and lacks the skills to socialize



Dependent Personality Disorder

person has poor self image but needs constant reassurance and advice

Insanity

the state of being seriously mentally ill; madness

Hallucinations

an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present

Delusions

an idiosyncratic belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being contradicted by what is generally accepted as reality or rational argument, typically a symptom of mental disorder.

Affect

emotion

Neurosis

a relatively mild mental illness that is not caused by organic disease, involving symptoms of stress (depression, anxiety, obsessive behavior, hypochondria) but not a radical loss of touch with reality

Psychosis

a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

depression associated with late autumn and winter and thought to be caused by a lack of light.

Conversion Disorder

a mental health condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation.

Anorexia

an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat.