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55 Cards in this Set

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Ablation

Removal or destruction of a body part or tissue or its function.

Abscess

Circumscribed collection of pus resulting from bacteria.

Adhesion

Abnormal fibrous connection between 2 structures (soft tissue or bony structures) may occur as the result of surgery, infection, or trauma.

Allograft

Graft from one individual to another of the same species.

Anastomosis

Surgically created connection between ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other.

Anomaly

Irregularity in the structure or position of an organ or tissue.

Anuria

Suppression, cessation, or failure of the kidneys to secrete urine.

Aspiration

Drawing fluid out by suction.

Atony

Absence of normal muscle tone and strength.

Atresia

Congenital closure or absence of a tubular organ or an opening to the body surface.

Autograft

Tissue or organ transferred to a new position in the body of the same individual.

Azoospermia

Failure of sperm development or the absence of sperm in semen.

Balanoposthitis

Inflammation and/or infection of the glans penis and prepuce.

Blunt Dissection

Surgical technique used to expose an under-lying area by separating along natural cleavage lines of tissue, without cutting.

Brachytherapy

Form of radiation therapy in which radioactive pellets are implanted directly into the tissue being treated.

Chordee

Ventral (downward) curvature of the penis.

Chronic interstitial cystitis

Persistently inflamed lesion of the bladder wall, usually accompanied by urinary frequency, pain, nocturia, and a distended bladder.

Conduit

Surgically created channel for the passage of fluids.

Condyloma

Infectious, tumor-like growth caused by the human papilloma virus.

Cryotherapy

Surgical procedure using intense cold for ablation or treatment..

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder. Symptoms include dysuria, frequency of urination, urgency, and hematuiria.

Cystocele

Herniation of the bladder into the vagina.

Cystostomy

Formation of an opening thru the abdominal wall into the bladder.

Cystotomy

Surgical incision into the urinary bladder or gallbladder.

Diverticulum

Pouch or sac in the wall of an organ or canal.

Dysuria

Pain upon urination.

Epididymis

Coiled tube on the back of the testis, the site of sperm maturation and storage.

Epididymo-orchitis

Inflammation of the testes and epididymis.

Fascia

Fibrous sheet or band of tissue that envelops organs, muscles, and groupings of muscles.

Fulguration

Destruction of living tissue using sparks from a high-frequency electric current.

Hematoma

Tumor-like collection of fluid in some part of the body caused by a break in a blood vessel wall, usually as a result of trauma.

Hematospermia

Blood in the seminal fluid.

Hematuria

Blood in the urine.

Hydronephrosis

Distention of the kidney caused by an accumulation of urine.

Hyperplasia

Abnormal proliferation in the number of normal cell in regular tissue arrangement.

Lithotripsy

Destruction of calcified substances (stones, calculi) in the gallbladder or urinary system by fragmenting into small particles to be washed out.

Meatus

Opening or passage into the body.

Nephrostomy

Placement of a stent, tube or catheter forming a passage from the exterior of the body into the renal pelvis or calyx, often for drainage of urine or an abscess, for exploration, or calculus extraction.

Neurogenic Bladder

Dysfunctional bladder due to a central or peripheral nervous system lesion, may result in incontinence, residual urine retention, infection, stones, and renal failure.

Nocturnal Enuresis

Bed-wetting.

Oligospemia

Insufficient production of sperm in semen.

Orchiectomy

Surgical removal of one or both testicles via a scrotal or groin incision.

Perineal

Pertaining to the pelvic floor area between the thighs.

Peritoneum

Strong, continuous membrane forming the lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavity.

Peyronie's Disease

Fibrotic hardened tissue or plaque in the penis. Causes pain and a curvature in the penis.

Phimosis

The foreskin is contracted and cannot be drawn back behind the glans penis.

Priapism

Persistent, painful erection lasting more than four hours and unrelated to sexual stimulation.

Prepuce

Fold of penile skin covering the glans.

Scrotum

Skin pouch holding the testes and supporting reproductive structures.

Seminal vesicles

Paired glands located at the base of the bladder in males, releases the majority of fluid into semen.

Skene's gland

Paraurethral ducts draining a group of female urethral glands into the vestibule.

Urachus

Embryonic tube connecting the urinary bladder to the umbilicus during development of the fetus, normally closes before birth.

Urethra


Small tube lined with mucous membrane leading from the bladder to the exterior of the body.

Urostomy

Creation of an opening to the abdominal surface to divert urine flow.

Vascularization

Surgically induced development or growth of vessels in a tissue; the process of blood vessel generation.