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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pre - Speech Communication - In order...Use commas
Crying, Cooing and Babbling, Gestures, Expressions
Stages of Language Acquisition - In order... Use commas
Babbling, Holophrastic, Two-word utterances, Telegraphic, Later multiword
Labov's Narrative Theory - In order... Use commas
Abstract, Orientation, Complicating Action, Resolution, Evaluation, Coda
Prosodic Communication
Pitch, length, loudness, timbre, tempo
Rough Order of Acquisition of Grammatical Words and Inflections
- ing
- prepositions
- plural -s
- irregular past tense
- possessive -'s
- uncontractible copular verb
- articles
- -ed
- 3rd person singular present tense
- 3rd person singular irregular present tense
- uncontractible auxiliary verb
- Contracted copular verb
- Contracted auxiliary verb

Bellugi's Stages of Pronoun Use

Stage 1 - Pronouns not used "Adam go home"

Stage 2 - Uses subject pronoun and object pronoun interchangeably "Why me spilled it?"

Stage 3 - Uses subject and object pronouns correctly

Methods of Word Formation

Compounding - "Plate-egg" (fried egg)

Affixation - "I'm gooder than him" - adds comparative suffix

Conversion - "I'm souping" (eating soup) - converts noun to verb

"How do you sharp this?" converts adjective to verb

Types of IMMATURE (NOT WRONG) Pronunciation

Deletion - missing out consonant

Substitution, Assimilation - Substituting one sound for another, easier to repeat sounds

Addition - adding a sound, usually an extra vowel after the final consonant

Reduplication - Repetition of a whole syllable "snowowman"

Bruner's LASS

1. Get child's attention

2. Ask Question

3. Label

4. Praise

Features of Child-directed Speech

- Slow and clear

- Pauses

- Higher pitch

- Exaggerated intonation and stress

- Use of personal names instead of pronouns

- Repeated sentence frames

- Repetition of adult's own words

- Frequent questions and commands

- Simpler sentence compounds

- Use of concrete nouns

- Use of diminutives (doggie)

- Expansion (expanding child's utterance into a full sentence)

- Recasting (using child's words/phrase in a new sentence)

Features of Graded Readers (books like Biff and Chip)

- Repetition of key words

- Words with simple spellings/high frequency of 'sight' words "buh-ah-tuh"

- Words with same phonic and spelling patterns

- Concrete nouns

- Repeated sentence constructions

- Simple sentences

- Simple verb phrases

- Active verbs

- Few adjectives

- Speech tags not inverted (Dad said, not said Dad)

- Pictures provide context