Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/11

Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pre - Speech Communication - In order...Use commas
Crying, Cooing and Babbling, Gestures, Expressions
Stages of Language Acquisition - In order... Use commas
Babbling, Holophrastic, Two-word utterances, Telegraphic, Later multiword
Labov's Narrative Theory - In order... Use commas
Abstract, Orientation, Complicating Action, Resolution, Evaluation, Coda
Prosodic Communication
Pitch, length, loudness, timbre, tempo
Rough Order of Acquisition of Grammatical Words and Inflections
- ing
- prepositions
- plural -s
- irregular past tense
- possessive -'s
- uncontractible copular verb
- articles
- -ed
- 3rd person singular present tense
- 3rd person singular irregular present tense
- uncontractible auxiliary verb
- Contracted copular verb
- Contracted auxiliary verb

Bellugi's Stages of Pronoun Use

Stage 1 - Pronouns not used "Adam go home"


Stage 2 - Uses subject pronoun and object pronoun interchangeably "Why me spilled it?"


Stage 3 - Uses subject and object pronouns correctly

Methods of Word Formation

Compounding - "Plate-egg" (fried egg)




Affixation - "I'm gooder than him" - adds comparative suffix




Conversion - "I'm souping" (eating soup) - converts noun to verb


"How do you sharp this?" converts adjective to verb

Types of IMMATURE (NOT WRONG) Pronunciation

Deletion - missing out consonant




Substitution, Assimilation - Substituting one sound for another, easier to repeat sounds




Addition - adding a sound, usually an extra vowel after the final consonant




Reduplication - Repetition of a whole syllable "snowowman"





Bruner's LASS

1. Get child's attention


2. Ask Question


3. Label


4. Praise

Features of Child-directed Speech

- Slow and clear


- Pauses


- Higher pitch


- Exaggerated intonation and stress


- Use of personal names instead of pronouns


- Repeated sentence frames


- Repetition of adult's own words


- Frequent questions and commands


- Simpler sentence compounds


- Use of concrete nouns


- Use of diminutives (doggie)


- Expansion (expanding child's utterance into a full sentence)


- Recasting (using child's words/phrase in a new sentence)

Features of Graded Readers (books like Biff and Chip)

- Repetition of key words


- Words with simple spellings/high frequency of 'sight' words "buh-ah-tuh"


- Words with same phonic and spelling patterns


- Concrete nouns


- Repeated sentence constructions


- Simple sentences


- Simple verb phrases


- Active verbs


- Few adjectives


- Speech tags not inverted (Dad said, not said Dad)


- Pictures provide context