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147 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
With which of the following did Congress establish a federal court system?
Judiciary Act of 1789
What department handels relations with other nations?
State Department
To open Ohio to white settlement, Anthony Wayne forced 12 Native American nations from the Great Lakes region to sign the
Treaty of Greenville
A person favoring one side of a political issue is
The Democratic- Republicans believed in
state banks
The Democratic-Republicans believed in strong state government and
rule by the people
What law made it illegal to criticize the government?
Sedition Act
What made it more difficult for white aliens to become citizens?
Naturalization Act
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799 spelled out a theory of
states' rights
What are the first 10 amendments that were added to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights
The amount the nation's government owes is called the
national debt
Most Americans considered Jay's Treaty
George Washington warned that political parties would
divide the nation
Which view did Thomas Jefferson not hold?
rule by the wealthy class
Federalists believed in
a national bank
To prepare for an election, the Federalists and the Republicans held meetings called
What law gave the president the power to deport aliens?
Alien Act
What made it a crime to speak, write, or publish "false, scandalous and malicious" criticisms of the government?
Sedition Act
The changes in the way goods were made in the mid-1700s first appeared in
America's Industrial Revolution began to take root in
New England
Who invented the cotton gin?
Eli Whitney
The major elements of free enterprise are competition, economic freedom, private property, and
The National Road went as far west as
Vandalia, Illinois
Pioneers usually migrated west
as families
Who believed high tariffs raised the prices of manufactured goods?
John C. Calhoun
What called for a tariff to stimulate growth of American industries?
American System
What agreement set the official border between Canada and the United States?
Convention of 1818
An example of the United States "military strength" is the
Adams-Onis Treaty
The revolution that changed the wat people worked was the
Industrial Revolution
Scientific discoveries that simplify work are called
Who was one of the chief supporters of state sovereignty?
John C. Calhoun
Whose mill launched the factory system?
Francis Cabot Lowell
Thirty years after the first census, the population of the United States was
10 million
What are separate compartments where water levels were raised of lowered?
Who began his political career as a supporter of free trade and the shipping interests of New England?
Daniel Webster
The leader who tried to resolve sectional disputes by compromise was
Henry Clay
What agreement provided for disarmament along the Canadian border?
Rush- Bagot Treaty
changed how people worked
Industrial Revolution
gives legal right to inventions
made British goods more expensive
Tariff of 1816
James Monroe's secretary of state
John Quincy Adams
invaded Spanish East Florida in 1818
Andrew Jackson
money for investment
uniform pieces
interchangeable parts
chartered in 1816 by Congress
Second Bank of the United States
proposed the American System
Henry Clay
Mexican revolutionary
Miguel Hidalgo
Which 1824 Republican presidential nominee had poor health?
William H. Crawford
The 1824 presidential election was decided
in the House of Representatives
Who believed the nation should shift from a farming- based economy to a manufacturing one?
John Quincy Adams
Which president's popularity with the "common man" changed politics?
Andrew Jackson
Some SOutherners wanted to break away from the United States, or to
What act did Congress pass in order to relocate Native Americans?
Indian Removal Act
The Cherokee Trail of Tears began in
The Bank of the United States was chartered by
President Van Buren's belief in the principle of laissez-faire prolonged the
John Tyler became president because
President Harrison had died
Who was not a favorite son candidate in the 1824 election?
William H. Crawford
Which was raised in poverty by his mother?
Andrew Jackson
Who won the 1824 presidential election?
John Quincy Adams
More than 80 percent of which group voted in the 1840 presidential election?
White males
The practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate's supporters became known as
the spoils system
What sent the message that the federal government would not allow a state to go its own wat without a fight?
Force Bill
Who was the Seminole leader who went to war against the United States in an effort to keep his nation's land?
A government permit to operate the Bank of the United States was called a
Who, along with federal troops, led the Cherokee west on the Trail of Tears?
William Henry Harrison
To win the election of 1840, William Henry Harrison needed the support of
Which was the last country to challenge the United States' control of Oregon?
What allowed people from both Britain and the united States to settle in Oregon country?
joint occupation
Mountain men made their living as
fur trappers
Among the first settlers of the Oregon country, after trappers, were the
Who was the Tennessee backwoodsman who lost his life at the Alamo?
Davy Crockett
About the defenders of which place did Santa Anna's aide say, "The Texans fought more like devils than like men?"
the Alamo
Who was the African American who called the war with Mexico "disgraceful" and "cruel"?
Frederick Douglass
What was the third part of James K. Polk's war plan?
to capture Mexico City
Which group took the law into their own hands in Gold Rush society?
Founded by the Mormons, which city was originally called Deseret?
Salt Lake City
Oregon country was which direction from Californis/
What was the high point of the year for mountain men?
Reports of what persuaded many Americans to settle in Oregon country?
fertile land
What philosophy meant that the United States was set apart to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific?
Manifest Destiny
Santa Anna was captured in the battle of
San Jacinto
What did the United States insist was the border between the United States and Mexico?
Rio Grande
Which man replaced the Bear Flag with that of the United States?
Commodore John Sloat
Which people made huge profits during the Gold Rush?
What event ended in a few years but had long- lasting effects on California's economy?
Gold Rush
Who led the Mormon migration to the Great Salt Lake area?
Brigham Young
Who constructed the first mechanical reapre?
Cyrus McCormick
By 1860, the Midwest and the East were united by a network of
railroad tracks
With other workers of the same skills, workers formed
trade unions
Famine caused people from which country to immigrate to the United States?
Arriving between 1820 and 1860, the second largest group of immigrants was from
What was the :king" and the main topic of conversation in the South?
A shortage of what would have devastating consequences for the South during the Civil War?
What large group of Southerners owned small farms of about 50 to 200 acres?
Who watched over the enslaved household workers and tended to them when they became ill?
plantation wife
Most enslaved people on plantations worked as
field hands
land, labor, and capital are often called
factors of production
Who led a group of enslaved African Americans in rebellion against their slaveholders in 1831?
Nat Turner
Most factory workers lived in
To put pressure on employees, workers staged
Many immigrants from which country became servants and factory workers?
What transformed the stagnant economy of the South into a prospreious, robust economy?
The largest group of whites in the South were
What group of Southerners measured their wealth partly by the number of enslaved people they controlled?
plantation owners
Enslaved people needed an extended family because they
could be sold
What made it a crime to teach enslaved people to read or write?
slave codes
The admission of misouri as a slave state was controversial in the Senate because
it would upset the balance
Henry Clay's compromise became known as
the Missouri Compromise
Which party endorsed the Wilmot Proviso?
Enforcement of the Fugitive Act led to
more anger in the north
What did Franklin Pierce become in 1853?
Stephen A. Douglas proposed letting the people decide about slavery through
popular sovereighnty
In the congressional election of 1858, the Senate race in what state was the center of national attention?
The main topic of the Lincoln- DOuglas debates were
Who was not a presidential candidate in 1860?
John C. Calhoun
Southerners justified secession with the theory of
states' rights
The main issue in the election of 1844 was the annexation of
What plan specified that slavery should be prohibited in any lands that might be acquired by Mexico?
WIlmot Proviso
According to the ______ a person could be fined or imprisioned for aiding fugitives.
Fugitive Slave Act
What book by Harriet Beecher Stowe showed slavery as a brutal, cruel system?
Uncle Tom's Cabin
What was the first territory to shed blood in a civil war over slavery?
In the election of 1856, the presidency was secured for James Buchanan by
Southern votes
What Supreme Court decision divided the antion even more?
Dred Scott case
Douglas's stand that people could exclude slavery by refusing to pass laws protection slaveholders' rights came to be known as
the Freeport Doctrine
The 1860 presidential candidate whose name did not appear on the ballot in most Southern states was
Abraham Lincoln
Who was the senator from Kentucky who tried to save the Union by proposing a last- minute compromise?
John Crittenden
Name the actual units associated with the following MAGTF

ACE = Squadron
GCE = #Battalion / #Marines Battalion Landing Team
LCE = Combat Logistics Battalion (CLB) / MEU Sevice Support Group (MSSG)
Jefferson thought government should do all of these except
spy on its citizens
The Supreme Court reviewing and ruling on acts of other branches of the government is called
judicial review
The Lousiana Territory was purchased from
Who forced Napolean Bonaparte to abandon plans for an American empire?
Toussaint- Louverture
What prohibited trade with another country?
Embargo Act
After what battle did Tecumseh join forces with British troops?
Battle of Tippecanoe
Who urged Native Americans to return to the customs of their ancestors?
the Prophet
Henry Clay and John Calhoun were known as
War Hawks
The War of 1812 was ended by the
Treaty of Ghent
Who killed ALexander Hamilton in a duel in 1804?
Aaron Burr
Requirements for presidential elections were set by the
Twelfth Amendment
Who broadened the Supreme Court's power?
John Marshall
Which French ruler had plans for empires in Europe and the Americas?
Napolean Bonaparte
The leaders of the exploration of the Louisiana Territroy were Lewis and
A nation not involved in a conflict had
neutral rights
Who built a strong confederacy among Native Americans?
Which commander destroyed the British naval forces on Lake Erie?
Oliver Hazard Perry
Hopes for a Native American Confederation died with the death of
The northern border of the United States was secured by the Battle of
Lake Erie