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11 Cards in this Set

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acre
unit of area equal to 4,840 square yards-about 3/4 of a football field
series
a number of similar people or things in a row or following one another
establish
to begin or set up; to create
contain
to hold back; restrain
republic
a form of government in which power rests with the citizens, who vote in order to elect leaders
Augustus
the first emperor of Rome, who ruled from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14 and greatly expanded the size and influence of the Roman Empire
empire
a group of different cultures or territories led by a single all-powerful ruler
emperor
the ruler of an empire
Christianity
the religion based on the teachings of Jesus, who is believed by Christians to be the son of God.
Jesus
Believed to be the son of God, Jesus was born in the Roman province of Judea sometime around 6 to 4 B.C. He was a member of a group known as the Jews. They practiced a religion known as Judaism. Many of his teachings contained ideas from Judaism, including the belief in a single god. He encouraged people to love God as well as their neighbors and even to love their enemies. He also taught that God had created a kingdom in heaven for all people who followed his teachings.
Jesus and the Roman Empire
Jesus began his teachings as a young adult and had a great numbers of followers. The Roman leaders viewed Jesus as a threat to their power. They arrested Jesus and put him to death. According to Christian belief, Jesus rose from the dead and went to heaven. His followers spread his teachings. His teachings included the belief in one god. Roman officials imprisoned and and killed many Christians as they refused to worship Roman gods. Despite this, Christianity grew stronger while the Roman Empire grew weaker.